Temple F (Selinus)

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East Hill: Ruins of Temple F in front of the reconstructed Temple E
Selinunte-TempleF-Plan-bjs.png

Temple F at Selinus in Sicily is a Greek temple of the doric order. It was probably dedicated to Dionysus or Athena and is one of the three temples on the East Hill. The temple's dating is very uncertain, but it probably belongs to the middle of the sixth century BC

The temple has six columns at the front and fourteen on the sides and represented a development of the very elongated archaic temple to a more balanced form which was becoming the norm on the Greek mainland as well,[1] and foreshadowing the 2:1 intercolumniation ratio between the long and short sides. The colonnade contained a wider pteron than usual in temples built in Sicily and, as a result, a rather narrow naos with an adyton at the rear and a pronaos with four columns. Except for those in the facade, the columns lack entasis.

The intercolumniation of the peristasis was closed with high masonry barriers.[2] The barriers are about half the height of the columns and were perhaps built in a second phase of construction, perhaps in order to transform the peristasis into a cultic area.[3]

In 1823, during excavations, two half metopes carved in tufa were discovered, depicting Dionysus and Athena respectively. They are now kept in the Museo archeologico regionale di Palermo.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Dieter Mertens, Città e monumenti dei greci d'Occidente, 2006,ISBN 8882653676, pp.227-228
  2. ^ Dieter Mertens, op. cit., 2006, pp.227-228
  3. ^ Enzo Lippolis, Monica Livadiotti, Giorgio Rocco, Architettura greca: storia e monumenti del mondo della polis dalle origini al V secolo, 2007, ISBN 8842492205, p.835

Coordinates: 37°35′14″N 12°50′06″E / 37.5873°N 12.8349°E / 37.5873; 12.8349