Temple Israel (Minneapolis)

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Temple Israel is a Reform Jewish synagogue in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Founded in 1878, it is the oldest synagogue in Minneapolis and one of the largest Jewish congregations in the United States.

Temple Israel, Minneapolis. 10th Street building circa 1890.

Early history[edit]

Temple Israel, originally called Shaarai Tov ("Gates of Goodness"), was founded in 1878 by German-speaking Jewish merchants.[1] Their first house of worship, built in 1880, was located on Fifth Street between First Avenue (later Marquette Avenue) and Second Avenue South; it was a small, wooden synagogue in the popular Moorish Revival style. In 1888 the congregation moved to Tenth Street and Fifth Avenue South. When the synagogue burned down in 1902, the congregants erected a new synagogue in stone on the site of the lost building.[2]

In 1901, Shaarai Tov hired Rabbi Samuel N. Deinard, an influential rabbi who helped grow the congregation. He acted as mediator between his Americanized congregants and the Eastern European Jewish immigrants who lived in North Minneapolis.[3] Deinard also founded a local Jewish weekly newspaper, the American Jewish World, in 1912. In 1914, the congregation moved again, this time to the corner of West Twenty-Fourth Street and Emerson Avenue South In 1920, Shaarai Tov became Reform and changed their name to Temple Israel. In 1928 a new synagogue was built on the same site, this time by the firm of Jack Liebenberg and Seeman Kaplan;[4] this neoclassical revival-style building remains a landmark overlooking Hennepin Avenue in Uptown Minneapolis.[2]

Rabbi Deinard died suddenly and unexpectedly in 1921. His successor was Rabbi Albert Minda, who acted as head rabbi from 1922 to 1963. Rabbi Max Shapiro, Temple Israel's assistant rabbi since 1955, succeeded Minda and was named rabbi emeritus in 1985.

Temple Israel

Recent events[edit]

Marcia Zimmerman was hired as assistant rabbi in 1988 and in 2001 was named senior rabbi, making her the first woman senior rabbi of a congregation of more than two thousand families in the United States.[5] In 2016 Temple Israel was undergoing construction to make way for a new education center and renovated synagogue.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Temple Israel, in Minneapolis, Minnesota
  2. ^ a b "Temple Israel records". Upper Midwest Jewish Archives. Retrieved April 11, 2016. 
  3. ^ Rapp, Michael G. (1973). "Samuel N. Deinard and the Unification of Jews in Minneapolis" (PDF). Minnesota History. Retrieved April 11, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Temple Israel History". Temple Israel | Minneapolis, MN. Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  5. ^ "Temple Israel". MNopedia. Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved April 11, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Temple Israel grows and expands". American Jewish World. September 24, 2015. Retrieved April 11, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]