Temple Israel (Stockton, California)
The congregation was founded during the goldrush as a Jewish society called Ryhim Ahovim (Heb. Loving Friends) by tradition in 1849 but documentably no later than 1850. Other sources say that the congregation was founded in 1851.
The first building, on Miner Ave. between El Dorado and Hunter, was completed on Aug. 28, 1855. It was a simple, frame structure built on of brick foundation of wood that had been shipped around the Horn, since no sawmill yet existed in Stockton. During the flood of 1861-2 the building flooded with two feet of water, causing the congregation to move it to higher ground on Hunter Street.
- Mrs. David "Bea" Schwartz (1969). "The Oldest Jewish Cemetery in the West, Stockton, California". Retrieved 2010.
- Occident and American Jewish Advocate, Philadelphia, Feb. 1856
- Ava Fran Kahn, Jewish voices of the California gold rush: a documentary history, 1849-1880, Wayne State University Press, 2002, p. 361.
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