Temple Warning inscription

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Temple Warning Inscription
Jerusalem Temple Warning Inscription.jpg
The inscription in its current location
Material Limestone
Writing Greek
Created c. 23 BCE – 70 CE[1]
Discovered 1871
Present location Istanbul Archaeology Museums
Identification 2196 T

The Temple Warning inscription, also known as the Temple Balustrade inscription or the Soreg inscription, is an inscription from the Second Temple in Jerusalem, discovered in 1871 by Charles Simon Clermont-Ganneau and published by the Palestine Exploration Fund.[1] Following the discovery of the inscription it was taken by the Ottoman authorities, and it is currently in the Istanbul Archaeology Museums.

Inscription[edit]

The tablet bears the following inscription in Koine Greek:

ΜΗΘΕΝΑ ΑΛΛΟΓΕΝΗ ΕΙΣΠΟΡΕΥΕΣΘΑΙ ΕΝΤΟΣ ΤΟΥ ΠΕΡΙ ΤΟ ΙΕΡΟΝ ΤΡΥΦΑΚΤΟΥ ΚΑΙ ΠΕΡΙΒΟΛΟΥ ΟΣ Δ ΑΝ ΛΗΦΘΗ ΕΑΥΤΩΙ ΑΙΤΙΟΣ ΕΣΤΑΙ ΔΙΑ ΤΟ ΕΞΑΚΟΛΟΥΘΕΙΝ ΘΑΝΑΤΟΝ

Transliteration: METHENA ALLOGENE EISPOREYESTHAI ENTOS ΤΟΥ PERI ΤΟ IERON TRYPHAKTOU ΚΑΙ PERIBOLOU OS D ΑΝ LEPHTHE EAYTOI AITIOS ESTAI DIA ΤΟ EXAKOLOUTHEIN THANATON

Translation: "No stranger is to enter within the balustrade round the temple and enclosure. Whoever is caught will be responsible to himself for his death, which will ensue."[2]

A copy of the inscription

Other copies[edit]

Clermont-Ganneau was shown a similar artifact at the Monastery of St Saviour, which was later shown to be a forgery created by Martin Boulos.[3]

A partial fragment of the same inscription was found in 1936 by J. H. Iliffe in Jerusalem's Lion Gate, and is held in the Israel Museum.[1][4]

References[edit]

External references[edit]

  • "DISCOVERY OF A TABLET FROM KING HEROD'S TEMPLE" (PDF). 17 November 2010. Retrieved 2015-11-15. 
  • Dr. Carl Rasmussen. "Holy Land Photos". holylandphotos.org. Retrieved 2015-11-15. 
  • Cotton, H. (2010). CIIP. De Gruyter. p. 42. ISBN 9783110222197. Retrieved 2015-11-15. 
  • Millard, Alan, Discoveries from the Time of Jesus. Oxford: Lion Publishing, 1990.
  • Roitman, Aldopho, Envisioning the Temple, Jerusalem: The Israel Museum, 2003.
  • Elias J. Bickerman, "The Warning Inscriptions of Herod's Temple," The Jewish Quarterly Review, New Ser., Vol. 37, No. 4. (Apr., 1947), pp. 387–405.