Temple of Taffeh

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The Temple of Taffeh in the Rijksmuseum van Oudheden (Leiden, the Netherlands).

The Temple of Taffeh (Arabic: معبد طافا‎) is an Ancient Egyptian temple which was presented to the Netherlands for its help in contributing to the historical preservation of Egyptian antiquities in the 1960s. The temple was built of sandstone between AD 1 and AD 14 on the orders of the Roman emperor Augustus.[1] It was part of the Roman fortress known as Taphis[2] and measures 6.5 by 8 metres (21 ft × 26 ft).[3] The north temple's "two front columns are formed by square pillars with engaged columns" on its four sides.[4] The rear wall of the temple interior features a statue niche.

In 1960, due to the construction of the Great Dam of Aswan and the consequent threat posed to several monuments and archeological sites in Nubia such as the temple of Abu Simbel, UNESCO made an international call to save these sites.[5] In gratitude, Egypt assigned several monuments to the countries that replied to this plea in a significant way, including the Netherlands.[6] Adolf Klasens, the director of the Rijksmuseum van Oudheden and a Dutch Egyptologist[7] played a part in arranging the agreement where Egypt presented the temple of Taffeh to the Rijksmuseum van Oudheden in Leiden, the Netherlands.

This building is constructed from 657 blocks weighing approximately 250 tons.[8] After arriving in 1971, it was reconstructed in a new wing of the National Museum of Antiquities (Rijksmuseum van Oudheden) in Leiden, Netherlands. The new structure was designed in such a way that the Dutch weather would not affect the stone, that natural light would illuminate the temple and that visitors could see the temple before having to pay for admission.[9] There was also an effort to replace a minimum number of damaged stones.

A Greek inscription and a Christian cross remain carved into its walls.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rijksmuseum page describing the temple". Siteclx.nl. Retrieved 2013-01-02. 
  2. ^ "UNO Stamps". Unostamps.nl. Retrieved 2013-01-02. 
  3. ^ Dieter Arnold, Temples of the Last Pharaohs, Oxford University Press, 1999. p.240
  4. ^ Arnold, Temples of the Last Pharaohs, p.240
  5. ^ Time Magazine,. "The Pharaoh & the Flood, Friday, Apr. 12, 1963". Retrieved 2013-01-02. 
  6. ^ "Unesco". Portal.unesco.org. Retrieved 2013-01-02. 
  7. ^ "Adolph Klasens bio". Saqqara.nl. Retrieved 2013-01-02. 
  8. ^ The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 121, No. 915 (Jun., 1979), pp. 402-399
  9. ^ 48 hours in Leiden
  10. ^ "Sacred destinations". Leiden, South Holland, Netherlands: Sacred destinations. Retrieved 2013-01-02. 

External links[edit]