|Single by 2Pac|
|from the album Me Against the World|
|Released||August 29, 1995|
|Format||CD single, 12" single|
|Recorded||Late 1993, Unique Studios|
(New York City, New York)
|Songwriter(s)||T. Shakur, R. Troutman, L. Troutman, S. Murdock, G. Clinton, Jr., G. Shider, D. Spradley, O.S. Harvey, Jr.|
|Producer(s)||Easy Mo Bee|
|2Pac singles chronology|
"Temptations" is a song by rap artist Tupac Shakur (2Pac) from the album Me Against the World. It was released as a single on August 29, 1995, and was released as a CD, cassette, and 12" promo. While rapping is solely performed by Shakur, Erick Sermon and producer Easy Mo Bee are also featured in the song, primarily as background vocalists. The song uses the bassline from the "Computer Love", and the theme focuses on relationship and infidelity issues. Debuting at number sixty-eight on the Billboard Hot 100, the song did fairly well in the United States. It was also well received by critics, with many writers commenting on its romantic tone.
The song's music video does not have any shots of Shakur, since he was incarcerated at the time. Instead, the video features many celebrities such as Coolio, Ice-T, Treach, Issac Hayes, Warren G, Adina Howard, Shock G, B-Real, Marcus Chong, and Kenya Moore. Taking place in a hotel, the video opens and closes with the concierge (Ice-T) complaining about Coolio (a bellboy). The main plot of the video follows Coolio while he is working in the hotel.
Writing and composition
The idea for "Temptations" began in late 1993 when record producer Easy Mo Bee came to Shakur while he was on the set of Above the Rim (1994). At Rucker Park in New York City, Mo Bee approached Shakur with several different songs they could sample from in the Me Against the World album. Out of the pieces he showed the rapper, Shakur favored the Zapp song "Computer Love." Despite being frequently sampled in the past by other artists, Shakur proposed that they simply speed up the tempo of "Computer Love" and use a low frequency automatic filter to retrieve the song's bassline.
After adding new beats and synth pads/leads, Mo Bee decided to add a sample of the Redman and Erick Sermon song "Watch Yo Nuggets", which contributes to much of the song's tenor section with the repeated line of "Hey." The song's hook samples "Sing a Simple Song" by Sly & the Family Stone. The song also features Mo Bee and some of his friends singing harmonies.
"Temptations" deals with a male-female relationship, where Shakur is—in Mo Bee's word's—basically saying to his significant other, "I like the time I'm spendin' with [you], but baby, I'm busy." Other than the theme of the relationship issues, the song also focuses on the ability for anyone to feel lonely. The lines "'cause even thugs get lonely, understand. Even the hardest of my homies need attention; catch you blowin' up the telephone, reminiscing." from the third verse, are explained by William Buckholz in his 2011 book, Understand Rap: Explanations of Confusing Rap Lyrics You and Your Grandma Can Understand. He states that despite having a "tough" attitude and exterior, thugs are not emotionless. Buckholz goes on to say that there are times where everyone longs for the company of someone—be a friend or significant other—so they can share feelings and troubles with.
Despite being the only rapper to perform in the song's musical composition, the music video neglects an appearance by Shakur because of his incarceration for alleged sexual abuse. Directed by David Nelson, the video features celebrity guest appearances by Adina Howard, B-Real, Bill Bellamy, Cheryl James, Coolio, Crystal Waters, DJ Spinderella, Ice-T, Isaac Hayes, Jada Pinkett Smith, Jasmine Guy, Kenya Moore, Shock G, Joe Torry, Treach, Warren G, and Yo-Yo.
Nelson said the video's production was ambitious, stating: "It's an incredible challenge to make a creative clip of a song without the artist." He goes onto say that Coolio helped enormously because he was the first to commit to his role as the bellboy. Nelson says that Coolio's role "provides the thread that weaves together the entire concept of the video." Yvette Lang, who executive produced the clip for F.M. Rocks, described the filming to be like a "big party" to show their support for Shakur. Ice-T's role as the hotel concierge was not originally intended. At first, there was a comedian set to play his role, but he ended up cancelling at the last minute. Since Ice-T was only available to shoot in the morning, Nelson decided to make him the concierge. The director called it a "strange blessing" since he is more memorable as a concierge, rather than his intended role.
I shot the clip as if it were a movie, and the preview edit is the equivalent of a film trailer. We both wanted the video to be sexy and erotic, but not sleazy. It definitely pushes the envelope, but then it throws comedy to keep things from getting too serious.
The music video opens with Ice-T, the concierge, and Coolio, the bellboy, in a hotel lobby. Ice-T is getting onto Coolio about how he does not put forth enough effort in his work and does not deserve the job. The song begins to play after this scene ends, and the plot follows Coolio who, while on the job, sees acts of strip poker, lesbian affairs, and several sexual scenarios. The bellboy eventually is invited into one of the rooms and the music comes to an end. The video ends with a scene of Ice-T continuing to complain about the bellboy's work ethics.
The Los Angeles Times inquires that the video deals with acts which lead to Shakur's imprisonment, commenting: "The clip itself practically invites that kind of scrutiny. The hotel setting and explicit sex echo Shakur's own crimes, which involved sodomy occurring in a hotel." Nelson denies these claims, insisting that it is purely coincidental that Shakur was imprisoned for similar occurrences.
Steve Huey at AllMusic described the piece as a romance, and said that it gave a "new meaning as an escape from the hellish pressure of everyday life." Cheo Hodari Coker of Rolling Stone said the song is based on a slow beat and "avoids formulaic, radio-friendly material," and instead focuses on rhymes and confessions from the heart. Jon Pareles of The New York Times wrote that Shakur is describing himself as a "touring rap star" with the song line: "Even though I'm known for my one-night stands, I want to be an honest man." Jordan Spak wrote in the Sun-Sentinel Tribune Company that Tupac is apologizing to his listeners and defining his stance on moral rights and wrongs.
"Temptations" did fairly well on United States charts. It spent six weeks on the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at number sixty-eight. The song debuted at number thirteen on the US Hot Rap Singles, and spent fourteen weeks on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs, debuting at number thirty-five.
|US Billboard Hot 100||68|
|US Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs (Billboard)||35|
|US Hot Rap Songs (Billboard)||13|
Formats and track listings
- Brown, Jake (2005), Tupac Shakur in the Studio: The Studio Years (1989–1996), Amber Books Publishing, ISBN 978-0-9767735-0-4
- Sandy, Candace; Daniel, Dawn (2010), How Long Will They Mourn Me?: The Life and Legacy of Tupac Shakur, Random House, ISBN 978-0-307-75744-9
- Thompson, Dave (2001), Funk: Third Ear – The Essential Listening Companion (Third Ear: The Essential Listening Companion Series), Backbeat Books, ISBN 978-0-87930-629-8
- Buckholz, William (2012), Understanding Rap: Explanations of Confusing Rap Lyrics You and Your Grandma Can Understand, Abrams Books, ISBN 978-0-8109-8921-4
- Brown 2005, p. 49
- Thompson 2001, p. 53
- Sandy & Daniel 2001, pp. 31–35
- Buckholz 2012, p. 43
- Violanti, Anthony (1995-04-17). "Tupac Shakur Takes on a World of Persecution". The Buffalo News.
- Hochman, Steve (1995-09-24). "2Pac's Pals Turn Out for Tupac-Less Video". Los Angeles Times. Eddy Hartenstein.
- Atwood, Brett (1995-09-23). "Takes More Than Prison To Stop 2Pac". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. 107 (38): 101.
- Huey, Steve. "Me Against the World – 2Pac | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards | AllMusic". AllMusic. Rovi. Retrieved 2013-12-31.
- Coker, Cheo (1998-02-02). "Me Against The World | Album Reviews | Rolling Stone". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media LLC. Retrieved 2013-12-31.
- Pareles, Jon (1995-04-09). "Recordings View; Confessions of a Rapper Who Done Wrong". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2013-12-31.
- Spak, Jordan (1996-04-12). "2pac: Old And New". Sun-Sentinel. Tribune Company. Retrieved 2013-12-31.
- "2Pac - Chart history | Billboard". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. p. 2. Archived from the original on 2013-12-31. Retrieved 2013-12-31.
- "2Pac | Awards | AllMusic". AllMusic. Rovi. Retrieved 2013-12-31.
- "2Pac – Chart history | Billboard". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. p. 2. Archived from the original on 2013-12-31. Retrieved 2013-12-31.
- "2Pac Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard.
- "2Pac Chart History (Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs)". Billboard.
- "2Pac Chart History (Hot Rap Songs)". Billboard.
- "Temptations" (Compact Disc). Tupac Shakur. Interscope Records. 1995. 957242.CS1 maint: others (link)
- "Temptations [CD/Cassette Single] - 2Pac | Release Information | 2Pac". AllMusic. Rovi. Retrieved 2013-12-31.
- "Temptations" (12" promo). Tupac Shakur. Interscope Records. 1995. DMD 2241.CS1 maint: others (link)
- "Temptations" (Cassette single). Tupac Shakur. Interscope Records. 1995. 981204.CS1 maint: others (link)
- "Temptations" (Compact Disc promo). Tupac Shakur. Interscope Records. 1995. PRCD6376.CS1 maint: others (link)
- "Temptations" (Cassette Maxi single). Tupac Shakur. Interscope Records. 1995. 957244.CS1 maint: others (link)