Temuan language

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Bahasak Temuan
Native to Malaysia
Region central and southern Peninsular Malaysia
Ethnicity Temuan
Native speakers
23,000 (2008)[1]
Dialects Belandas
Language codes
ISO 639-3 tmw
Glottolog temu1239[2]

Temuan language (Temuan: Benua,Bual Uwang Hutarn, bual Mutan, Niap, Bahasak Temuan, Malay: Bahasa Temuan) is an Malayan language (part of Austronesian languages) spoken by the Temuan people, one of the Orang Asli or indigenous peoples of Peninsular Malaysia in the states of Selangor, Pahang, Johor, Malacca and Negeri Sembilan. Temuan is a separate language but has a degree of mutual intelligibility with the Malay language. It is written in a Latin alphabet, but no standard orthography has been made.


Temuan is divided into two major dialects namely Belandas and Mantra which differs mostly in terms of phonology and also some of the vocabulary but still mutually intelligible to one another.

Comparison between Belandas and Mantra dialects:

Sample of Temuan Belandas dialect - diak ( he/she ), hajak (only), kitak ( we ), tai ( the end of sentence particle ).

Sample of Temuan Mantra dialect - dien ( he/she), hajen (only), kiten ( we ), tea ( the end of sentence particle )


  1. ^ Temuan at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Temuan". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 

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