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Ten'ō (天応?) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Hōki and before Enryaku. This period spanned the years from January 781 through August 782.[1] The reigning emperor was Kōnin-tennō (光仁天皇?).[2]

Change of era[edit]

  • October 24, 781 Ten'ō gannen (天応元年?): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Hōki 12, on the 1st day of the 1st month of 781.[3]

Events of the Ten'ō era[edit]

  • December 22, 781 (Ten'ō 1, 3rd day of the 12th month): In 11th year of the reign of Emperor Kōnin's reign (光仁天皇11年), he abdicated; and the succession (the senso) was received by his son.[4] Shortly thereafter, Emperor Kammu is said to have acceded to the throne (sokui).[5]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ten'ō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 960, p. 960, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 81-85; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 276-277; Varley, H. Paul. Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 147-148.
  3. ^ Brown, p. 277.
  4. ^ Titsingh, pp. 85; Brown, p. 277.
  5. ^ Titsingh, p. 86; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.


External links[edit]

Preceded by
Era or nengō

Succeeded by