Ten Wheel Drive
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|Ten Wheel Drive|
The group in 1970
In 1968, after the final break-up of the all-female rock band Goldie & The Gingerbreads, Genya Ravan was looking for a new band, as were two New Jersey musicians and songwriters, Michael Zager and Aram Schefrin. Acquainted by their managers, the three musicians would become the nucleus of the new band. Their origins and artistic backgrounds were very different and at first the music was not to Ravan’s liking.
More musicians had to be found for the rhythm and brass sections. With the exception of Ravan, only people who were able to read sheet music were hired. In 1969 the band started to perform regularly and attract positive reviews, and comparisons were drawn between Ravan and Janis Joplin.
At the same time, Polydor Records was forming an American division. Its new President, Jerry Schoenbaum, closed a deal with Ten Wheel Drive, and together with producer Walter Raim the band released its first album, Construction #1.
Ten Wheel Drive's first big concert appearance was in 1969 at the Fillmore East in New York City. Apart from the band's intense musical presence, Ravan caused some excitement when she took off her transparent vest and continued the performance half-naked with painted breasts and shoulders.
In the summer of the same year, Ten Wheel Drive appeared at the Atlanta Pop Festival. On this occasion Ravan and Janis Joplin, who had previously often been compared, met in person for the second time, having first met at Steve Paul's The Scene when Joplin sat in with the band.
In 1970, Ten Wheel Drive released their second album, Brief Replies, with producer Guy Draper. By then many of the brass musicians had also been replaced. 1971 saw Ten Wheel Drive performing at Carnegie Hall. The project consisted of a rock opera based on the Battle of the Little Big Horn and the history of the Native North American peoples. The American Symphony Orchestra and a choir participated in the project. Polydor finally decided against the recording of the event and was later criticized for its bad judgment.
Also in 1971, the band's third album Peculiar Friends appeared, for the first time produced by Schefrin and Zager. Ravan’s decision to leave the band and start her solo career at this time was presumably influenced by the record company’s attitude towards the Carnegie Hall concert. She was replaced by Annie Sutton of The Rascals. Schefrin and Zager later contributed to Ravan’s first solo album.
Ten Wheel Drive left Polydor and their fourth and final album, Ten Wheel Drive (1974), was released by Capitol Records. The album includes one song which had earlier been composed by Ravan with Schefrin and Zager, "Why Am I So Easy to Leave". With this record the already loose cooperation between the band's musicians ended.
|vocals, harmonica, tambourine:||Genya Ravan|
|guitar, vocals, banjo, percussion:||Aram Schefrin|
|organ, piano, clarinet:||Michael Zager|
|Various musicians on other instruments|
|bass:||Bill Takas, Bob Piazza, Blake Hines|
|drums, percussion:||Leon Rix, Allen Herman, David Williams|
|flute:||Jay Silva, Louie Hoff, Dave Liebman|
|trumpet:||Jay Silva, Richard Meisterman, Peter Hyde, Steve Satten, John Gatchell, John Eckert, Dean Pratt, Danny Stiles Francisco, Frank Frint (NOT a real musician, some other players were in this spot)|
|saxophone:||Louie Hoff, Dave Liebman|
|trombone:||Dennis Parisi, Bill Watrous, Tom Malone|
|flugelhorn:||Jay Silva, Peter Hyde, Richard Meisterman, Steve Satten, John Gatchell, John Eckert|
|organ, clarinet, keyboards, vibraphone:||Michael Zager|
|guitar, vocals:||Aram Schefrin|
|piano, keyboards:||Don Grolnick|
|drums, percussion:||Barry Lazarowitz|
|bass, violin:||Harry Max, Bill Abrams|
|trumpet, flugelhorn, horn:||Dean Pratt, John Gatchell|
|choir:||Daryl Hall, John Oates, Tom Cosgrove, Joey Ward|
- Construction #1 - 1969, Polydor
- Brief Replies - 1970, Polydor
- Peculiar Friends - 1971, Polydor
- Ten Wheel Drive - 1974, Capitol
- Ten Wheel Drive entry at allmusic.com
- Michael Zager biography
- Ten Wheel Drive on Genya Ravan's website
- Podcast - The Ten Wheel Drive Chronicles (rss file)[dead link]
- Horn Rock Heaven blog
- Horn Rock Heaven at MySpace