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Ten Wings 十翼 shí yì - collection of commentaries (zhuan 傳) to the classical Chinese Book of Changes traditionally ascribed to Confucius.
- 彖傳 Tuan zhuan, or Commentary on the Judgment, the 1st 彖上傳
- Tuan zhuan, the 2nd 彖下傳
- 象傳 Xiang zhuan, or Overall Image, the 1st 象上傳 (sometimes called Great Xiang 大象)
- Xiang, the 2nd 象下傳 (aka Lesser Xiang or Little Images 小象)
- 繫辭傳 Xici zhuan, the Commentary on the Appended Phrases, the 1st 繫辭上傳
- Xici zhuan, the 2nd 繫辭下傳 (the two Xi Ci are also called the Great Commentary 大傳, to emphasize their importance)
- 文言傳 Wenyan zhuan, Commentary on the Words
- 序卦傳 Xugua zhuan, the Sequence of the Hexagrams
- 說卦傳 Shuogua zhuan, the Explanation of the Trigrams
- 雜卦傳 Zagua zhuan, the Assorted or Miscellaneous Hexagrams
Doubts concerning Confucius' authorship of the Wings were expressed by Ouyang Xiu 歐陽脩 (1007-1072) and Sima Guang 司馬光 (1019-1086) during the Northern Song dynasty. They were further consolidated by Yao Jiheng zh:姚際恆 (1647-1715, Qing dynasty) and Kang Youwei 康有為 (1858-1927, Qing/republican transition period). The 20 c. sinologists provide argumentation for rejection of the traditional creed.