Tenali

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Tenali
తెనాలి
City
Martyrs' Memorial located at Ranaranga chowk in Tenali
Martyrs' Memorial located at Ranaranga chowk in Tenali
Nickname(s): Andhra Paris
Tenali is located in Andhra Pradesh
Tenali
Tenali
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 16°14′34″N 80°38′24″E / 16.2428°N 80.6400°E / 16.2428; 80.6400Coordinates: 16°14′34″N 80°38′24″E / 16.2428°N 80.6400°E / 16.2428; 80.6400
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Guntur
Government
 • Type Municipal council
 • Body Tenali Municipality
APCRDA (urban planning agency)
 • Member of parliament Galla Jayadev (Telugu Desam Party)
 • MLA Alapati Rajendra Prasad
 • Municipal commissioner S.Shakuntala
 • Chairperson K.Tulasi Das
Area[1]
 • Total 16.63 km2 (6.42 sq mi)
Area rank 21st
Elevation 15 m (49 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 164,937
 • Rank 17th
 • Density 9,950/km2 (25,800/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 522 xxx
Vehicle registration AP–07
Lok Sabha constituency Guntur
Assembly constituency Tenali
Website tenali.cdma.ap.gov.in/en

Tenali is a city in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Tenali mandal and Tenali revenue division.[3] The city is renowned for art, cultural, drama and hence, it is often referred with the nickname as Andhra Paris.[4] It is also a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region and the seventeenth most populous city in the state with a population of 164,937.

Etymology[edit]

The word Tenali was transformed from Teravali.[3]

History[edit]

Andhra–Satavahana dynasty ruled the region around the present city From 225 B.C. to 225 A.D.. The relics found in the excavations around Tenali reveal the existence of Jainism and Buddhism in the ancient days.[3] One such example is the inscriptions in Ramalingeswara temple, dating back to 16th century AD.[5]

Geography[edit]

A pond at Pinapadu area of Tenali

It is located in the Coastal Andhra region of the state. Tenali is located 28 kilometres (17 mi) east of the district headquarters, Guntur, and 37 kilometres (23 mi) south of Vijayawada by road. It lies on the Eastern coastal plains.[6] It has an average altitude of 15 metres (49 ft).[7]

Climate

The city experiences tropical climate with an average annual temperature of 28.4 °C (83.1 °F). May is the hottest and December is the coolest month of the year. The annual precipitation is about 1,017 millimetres (40 in) and the month of August receives the highest precipitation with 202 millimetres (8 in) of rainfall.[8]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census of India, the city had a population of 164,937 with 43,604 households.[1] The total population constitute, 81,427 males and 83,510 females —a sex ratio of 1026 females per 1000 males. 14,340 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 7,347 are boys and 6,993 are girls—a ratio of 952 per 1000. The density of the population is per 9950/km2. The average literacy rate stands at 75.56% with 1,24,618 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%.[9][10]

Governance[edit]

Civic administration[edit]

Tenali market and municipal office
Mahatma Gandhi municipal market complex

Tenali Municipality was constituted in 1909 and is classified as a special grade municipality. The jurisdiction of the civic body is spread over an area of 16.63 km2 (6.42 sq mi).[1] It has a total of 40 election wards, with 17 unreserved and 23 reserved. The reserved wards have 4 for SCs, 2 for STs and 14 for BCs.[11] Each ward is represented by a ward member and the wards committee is headed by a Chairperson.[12] The present municipal commissioner of the city is S.Shakuntala and the chairperson is K.Tulasi Das.[13] The municipality of the city has received several awards such as, Green Leaf Awards 2015 for Best Decentralised Solid Waste Management,[14] Green City of the country for waste segregation management,[15]

Public utilities

The municipality oversees civic needs such as, water supply, sewerage, roads, parks etc., and is one of the municipality to be included in Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation.[16] The city residents rely on borewells, overhead reservoirs and a filtration plant for daily water needs, which mainly draws water from the Krishna river of Prakasam Barrage.[17][18] The city municipality implements two-bin garbage collection, sanitation campaigns like Mana Tenali-It’s people’s creation for hygiene of the people.[19]

Politics[edit]

Tenali a part of Tenali (Assembly constituency) for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Alapati Rajendra Prasad is the present MLA of the constituency from Telugu Desam Party.[20] It is also a part of Guntur (Lok Sabha constituency) which was won by Galla Jayadev of Telugu Desam Party.[21][22]

Economy[edit]

Kotha Raghuramaiah Agricultural Market Yard, Tenali

The town thrives on trade and agriculture. The agricultural lands around the city is irrigated by the Krishna river water flowing through its three main canals.[23] Major crops include black gram, maize, jowar etc.[24] Tenali Agriculture Marketyard is used for trading and exporting agricultural products.[25]

The city being a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region, and one of the industrial growth centres is on the path of development and the government is moving ahead in creating more employment opportunities.[26][27] It is also a part of Tenali–Ponnur growth corridor.[28]

Culture[edit]

The city is most notable for drama, fine arts, literature and poetry. The iconic Martyrs Memorial at Ranarang Chowk denotes the impact of the city on Indian freedom struggle during the Quit India Movement.[29]

Drama and literature

Tenali Ramakrishna

The city has been the host for events such as, the formation of Andhra Nataka Kala Parishad in 1929, Kanyasulkam play, cultural fests etc.[29][30] Tenali Ramakrishna, one of the eight poets in the court of Sri Krishna Devaraya hail from Tenali.[3] In the area of modern literature, contributors such as Chakrapani, Gudipati Venkata Chalam, Kodavatiganti Kutumbarao, Tripuraneni Ramaswamy are some of them. Nethi Parameswara Sarma wrote a book called Nurella Tenali Rangastala Charitra meaning 100 years of theater in Tenali.[29][30]

Satyanarayana UDA lake park at Chinnaravuru, Tenali

Films

Many artists who hail from Tenali and the nearby villages has contributed the major share to Telugu film industry such as AVS, Govindarajula Subba Rao (first Telugu hero), Krishna, Gummadi Venkateswara Rao, Jamuna, Kanchanamala (first Telugu heroin), Kongara Jaggayya, Prabha, Savitri, Sharada etc.

Cityscape

There are various religious worship centers in the city, such as, Vaikuntapuram Venkateswara temple, Iglesia Ni Cristo church etc. The notable Satyanarayana UDA Lake Park (or Chinaravuru park) is maintained by VGTMUDA (now APCRDA) was named after the former municipal chairman, Ravi Satyanarayana.[31]

Transport[edit]

Tenali bus station

Tenali has a total road length of 180.00 km (111.85 mi).[32] Guntur, Mangalagiri, Burripalem and Ponnur roads are the arterial roads for road connectivity to the city.[33] The road towards Guntur connects with State Highway 48 at Narakodur. The Tenali-Mangalagiri road, Tenali-Narakodur road and Tenali-Chandole road are a part of the core road network of the district, that connects the city with Mangalagiri, Narakodur and Chandole.[34][35]

Tenali railway station main entrance

Bus and rail transport are the major modes of public transport.[36] The Tenali bus station provides road transport for the public.[37] It operates APSRTC bus services to the nearby destinations and also a few inter-state services.[38][39] The bus station also has a bus depot for storage and maintenance of buses.[40][41]

Tenali Junction provides rail connectivity for the city and is classified as an A–category station in Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone. It is an important junction station on the mutual line of Howrah–Chennai and New Delhi–Chennai sections, which also connects Tenali-Repalle branch line and Guntur-Tenali section.[42]

Education[edit]

Kendriya Vidyalaya school in Tenali

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[43][44] As per the school information report for the academic year 2015-16, there are a total of 71 schools. They include, 26 private, 44 municipal and 1 other type.[45] The total number of students enrolled in primary, upper primary and high schools of the city are 10,420.[46]

Montessori Public School,[47] Sharon Talent School[48] St. John’s Public School,[49] Kendriya Vidyalaya,[50] Westberry School[51] etc., are some of the public and private schools under CBSE and state boards. Yalavarthy Veda Pathashala is one of the oldest vedic schools of the state, which was established in 1893 in Gandhi Nagar area of Tenali.[52]

The private aided junior colleges such as, Taluk Junior College, JMJ Colleges for Women, VSR and NVR college, Dr.B.R.Ambedkar Memorial Junior college and fourteen unaided junior colleges provide undergraduate education.[53] JMJ college for women, VSR and NVR college are the two autonomous colleges under Acharya Nagarjuna University.[54] There are colleges for different fields of study such as, nursing,[55] Government Industrial Training Institute and other institutes for vocational courses.[56][57]

Sports[edit]

The city has an Indoor sports complex for Badminton, Tennis and Volleyball at Chenchupet area,[58] Sports personalities from the city include: National Challengers Championship winner and chess master, S.Ravi Teja;[59] weightlifter, Sai Revathi Ghattamaneni, a gold medalist at Senior Nationals in 63-kg category.[60]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Municipality Profile | Tenali Municipality". tenali.cdma.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 4 November 2016. 
  2. ^ "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d "About Tenali". VGTM Urban Development Authority. Archived from the original on 21 August 2015. Retrieved 26 February 2016. 
  4. ^ Samuel Jonathan, P (12 November 2008). "Big Cinema comes to Andhra Paris". The Indian Express. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  5. ^ A Manual of the Kishna District, in the Presidency of Madras: Compiled for the Government of Madras. Lawrence Asylum Press. p. 213. Retrieved 4 July 2016. 
  6. ^ Sr.Bimcy; Sr.Sisily; Charlotte. Bibliographic information. Scholar Publishing House. pp. 20–21. ISBN 8171725163. Retrieved 2015-08-28. 
  7. ^ "Elevation for Tenali". Veloroutes. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  8. ^ "Climate: Tenali – Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table – Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved 2016-05-11. 
  9. ^ "District Census Handbook – Guntur" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 14,46. Retrieved 28 August 2015. 
  10. ^ "Literacy of AP (Census 2011)" (PDF). Official Portal of Andhra Pradesh Government. p. 43. Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  11. ^ "Municipality wards" (PDF). Andhra PRadesh – State Election Commission. Retrieved 27 June 2016. 
  12. ^ "The Constitution (Seventy-Fourth Amendment) Act, 1992". India Code. Ministry of Law and Justice, Legislative Department. Retrieved 28 March 2016. 
  13. ^ "Contact Details of Commissioners and Mayors of Amrut Cities" (PDF). Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation. Government of India. Retrieved 28 March 2016. 
  14. ^ "TS and AP NGOs sweep Green Leaf awards". The Hans India. 8 June 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2016. 
  15. ^ "Green City award for Tenali". The Hindu. Vijayawada. 2 February 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  16. ^ Vadlapatla, Sribala (11 August 2015). "Amaravati among 31 AP cities selected for Amruth development". The Times of India. Hyderabad. Retrieved 18 December 2015. 
  17. ^ "New project to quench Tenali's thirst". Times of India. Tenali. 3 July 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2016. 
  18. ^ "Delay in drinking water project irks residents". The Hindu. Tenali. 24 February 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2016. 
  19. ^ "A litter-free town, the aim of 'Mana Tenali'". The Hindu. Tenali. 13 November 2015. Retrieved 19 November 2015. 
  20. ^ "MLA". AP State Portal. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  21. ^ "MP (Lok Sabha)". Government of AP. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  22. ^ "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 22,31. Retrieved 11 October 2014. 
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  24. ^ Samuel Jonathan, P (8 April 2009). "Maize heralds agricultural revolution". The Hindu. Tenali. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  25. ^ "Create awareness on State's welfare schemes, says Speaker". The Hindu. Tenali. 11 August 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  26. ^ "Tenali to be Part of Amaravati Development". The New Indian Express. 5 January 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  27. ^ "APCCIF moots separate district for capital area". The Hindu. 26 April 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  28. ^ "Need to enforce building rules: VGTM-UDA vice-chief". The Hindu. Guntur. 2012-07-14. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2016-04-05. 
  29. ^ a b c "Tenali gearing up for centenary celebration". The Hindu. Tenali. 23 January 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2016. 
  30. ^ a b "Cultural fest all set to unfold on December 16". The Hindu. Tenali. 4 December 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2016. 
  31. ^ "A perfect getaway, for children and adults". Tenali. 13 January 2012. Retrieved 14 March 2016. 
  32. ^ "Details of Roads in each ULB of Andhra Pradesh". Municipal Administration and Urban Development Department. Retrieved 27 June 2016. 
  33. ^ "Tenali Zonal Development Plan" (PDF). Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 8 May 2016. 
  34. ^ ":: APRDC ::". Andhra Pradesh Road Development Corporation. Roads and Buildings Department. Retrieved 9 November 2016. 
  35. ^ "Traffic restrictions for TDP meet". The Hindu. 2008-11-05. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2016-05-12. 
  36. ^ "Metro transport committees for TUDA, VGTUDA". The New Indian Express. 19 October 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2016. 
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  38. ^ "Bus commute to be more comfortable this summer". The Hindu. 23 January 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  39. ^ "New Guntur-Hyderabad bus service inaugurated". The Hindu. Guntur. 28 January 2008. Retrieved 21 March 2016. 
  40. ^ "Depot Name". APSRTC. Retrieved 15 March 2016. 
  41. ^ Susarla, Ramesh (11 September 2006). "Ponnur RTC depot on way out?". The Hindu. Retrieved 15 March 2016. 
  42. ^ "Divisional info" (PDF). Indian Railways. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  43. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  44. ^ "The Department of School Education – Official AP State Government Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  45. ^ "School Information Report". Commissionerate of School Education. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 8 November 2016. 
  46. ^ "Student Information Report". Commissionerate of School Education. Child info 2015–16, District School Education – Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 8 November 2016. 
  47. ^ "Montessori Public School, Tenali, Guntur district". The Hindu. 23 March 2007. Archived from the original on 10 June 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  48. ^ "Sharon Talent School at Ramalingeswarapet in Tenali". The Hindu. 5 January 2010. Archived from the original on 10 June 2016. Retrieved 10 June 2016. 
  49. ^ Sujatha Varma, P (6 March 2015). "'Be like the frog that made it to the treetop'". The Hindu. Vijayawada. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  50. ^ "Kendriya Vidyalaya at Tenali: MP". The Hindu. Guntur. 1 November 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  51. ^ "School introduces CBSE's Plus One". The Hindu. Guntur. 10 March 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  52. ^ "Yalavarthi Veda Pathasala". 
  53. ^ "List of colleges in Guntur district" (PDF). Board of Intermediate Education. pp. 8–9. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  54. ^ "Autonomous colleges of Acharya Nagarjuna University" (PDF). Nagarjuna University. Retrieved 5 October 2016. 
  55. ^ "List of College of Nursing in A.P.". hmis.ap.nic.in. Retrieved 5 October 2016. 
  56. ^ "List of colleges offering vocational courses in Guntur district" (PDF). Sakshi Education. Retrieved 5 October 2016. 
  57. ^ "Government ITI" (PDF). Sakshi Education. Retrieved 5 October 2016. 
  58. ^ Reporter, Staff (1 January 2014). "Speaker opens indoor stadium". The Hindu. Retrieved 5 October 2016. 
  59. ^ "TS boy AP girl clinch national chess honours". The Hans India. Retrieved 5 October 2016. 
  60. ^ Jonathan, P. Samuel (13 August 2014). "Defying odds, Revathi scales new heights". The Hindu. Retrieved 5 October 2016.