|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||East of England|
|Incorporated||1 April 1974|
|• Type||Non-metropolitan district council|
|• Body||Tendring District Council|
|• MPs||Giles Watling (Conservative);|
Bernard Jenkin (Conservative)
|• Total||130.34 sq mi (337.58 km2)|
|• Rank||123rd (of 309)|
|• Rank||144th (of 309)|
|• Density||1,100/sq mi (430/km2)|
|• Ethnicity||97.5% White|
1.0% Mixed Race
|Time zone||UTC0 (GMT)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (BST)|
|ONS code||22UN (ONS)|
|OS grid reference|
Tendring District Council
Neil Stock, Conservative
since 26 May 2015
|2 May 2019|
|Town Hall, Station Road, Clacton-on-Sea, Essex, CO15 1SE|
Tendring is a local government district in north-east Essex, England. It extends from the River Stour in the north, to the coast and the River Colne in the south, with the coast to the east and the town of Colchester to the west. Its council is based in Clacton-on-Sea. Towns in the district include Frinton-on-Sea, Walton-on-the-Naze, Brightlingsea and Harwich. Large villages in the district include St Osyth and Great Bentley.
Sometimes referred to as the Tendring Peninsula, the district was formed on 1 April 1974 by a merger of the borough of Harwich with Brightlingsea Urban District, Clacton and Frinton and Walton urban districts, and Tendring Rural District. The name Tendring comes from the ancient Tendring Hundred which is named after the small Tendring village at the centre of the area. The Tendring Poor Law Union covered the same area as the present district.
During the English civil war, the self-appointed Witchfinder General Matthew Hopkins carried out many trials throughout this and the surrounding area, especially in the town of Manningtree and village of Mistley on the River Stour.
The largest town in the Tendring district is Clacton-on-Sea, with a population of 53,000.
Theories about the origin of its name:
- From Anglo-Saxon tynder = "tinder": "place where tinder or fuel is gathered"
- From the German placename Tündern in Lower Saxony (old spelling Tundiriun) and Anglo-Saxon -ing or -ingas: "people who came across the sea from Tündern"
The highest part of the district is a low (35 metres) ridge running west to east only 3 km south of the River Stour. The greater part of the district is undulating land sloping very gently to the south which is traversed by a number of streams.
Tendring district contains the most deprived part of England, in the Jaywick area. This area was ranked as the most deprived are in the government's indices of deprivation in 2010, 2015 and 2019 (being the most recent survey as at 2022).
Politics and local governance
As at June 2022, of the 48 members of Tendring District Council, the Conservatives have 21, Independent Group 6, Tendring Independents 6, Labour 6, Tendring First 4, Holland-on-Sea Group 2, Liberal Democrats 2, and UKIP 1. The council is therefore under no overall control, with the Conservatives the largest group. Since 2015, the leader of the council has been Neil Stock, a Conservative.
The district is divided into the following parishes. "From" indicates older parishes which have now been merged.
- Frinton and Walton (from Frinton, Great Holland, Kirby-le-Soken, and Walton-le-Soken)
- Great Bentley
- Great Bromley
- Great Oakley
- Harwich (from Dovercourt and St Nicholas)
- Little Bentley
- Little Bromley
- Little Clacton
- Little Oakley
- Ramsey and Parkeston
- St Osyth
In the extreme east of the district is an area formerly known as the Soken which was granted special privileges in Saxon times. It is remembered in the place names Kirby-le-Soken, Thorpe-le-Soken and Walton-le-Soken (an older name for Walton-on-the-Naze).
- "The English Indices of Deprivation 2019" (PDF). Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government. Retrieved 11 June 2022.
- "Councillors by political grouping". Tendring District Council. Retrieved 11 June 2022.
- "Councillor Neil Stock". Tendring District Council. Retrieved 11 June 2022.
- "Council services and office locations". Tendring District Council. Retrieved 11 June 2022.
- A Vision of Britain Through Time: Frinton and Walton
- "East of England Region". Civic Heraldry of England. Retrieved 9 March 2021.
- Entry in Kelly's Directory of Essex, 1894
- The local water supply company preserves the old name: Tendring Hundred Water Services Ltd
- Review of ward boundaries by the Boundary Commission for England with maps
- History notes on the Sokens
- Unofficial Frinton website
- Tendring Social Network Website
- Media related to Tendring District at Wikimedia Commons