Tenea

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Tenea
Τενέα
Tenea is located in Greece
Tenea
Tenea
Location within the regional unit
DE Teneas.svg
Coordinates: 37°48′N 22°52′E / 37.800°N 22.867°E / 37.800; 22.867Coordinates: 37°48′N 22°52′E / 37.800°N 22.867°E / 37.800; 22.867
CountryGreece
Administrative regionPeloponnese
Regional unitCorinthia
MunicipalityCorinth
 • Municipal unit167.6 km2 (64.7 sq mi)
Elevation290 m (950 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Municipal unit5,084
 • Municipal unit density30/km2 (79/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code200 08
Area code(s)27410
Vehicle registrationΚΡ
Satellite view of the region.
Another view of the region.

Tenea (Greek: Τενέα) is a municipal unit within the municipality of Corinth, Corinthia, Peloponnese, Greece.[2] The municipal unit has an area of 167.575 km2.[3] Until 2011, it was a municipality whose seat was in Chiliomodi.

The modern city is named after ancient Tenea, established approximately 15km SE of Corinth and 20km NE of Mycenae shortly after the Trojan War. According to Pausanias, Tenea's founders were Trojan prisoners of war whom Agamemnon had allowed to build their own town. The name Tenea is styled upon Tenedos,[citation needed] the founders' home town, whose mythological eponym was the hero Tenes. Tenea and Rome, according to Virgil's Aeneid, had in the years following the Trojan War produced citizens of Trojan ancestry. Under the leadership of Archias in 734 or 733 BC, Teneans and Corinthians established the joint colony of Syracuse in Sicily, the homeland of Archimedes.

History[edit]

Strabo mentions Tenea:

Tenea, also, is in Korinthia, and in it is a temple of the Apollon Teneatos; and it is said that most of the colonists who accompanied Archias, the leader of the colonists to Syracuse, set out from there, and that afterwards Tenea prospered more than the other settlements, and finally even had a government of its own, and, revolting from the Corinthians, joined the Romans, and endured after the destruction of Corinth.... And it seems, also, that there is a kinship between the peoples of Tenedos and Tenea, through Tennes the son of Kyknos, as Aristotle says; and the similarity in the worship of Apollon among the two peoples affords strong indications of such kinship.

Strabo, (8.6.22)

as does Pausanias:

Such is the account I heard of the Asopus. When you have turned from the Acrocorinthus into the mountain road you see the Teneatic gate and a sanctuary of Eilethyia. The town called Tenea is just about sixty stades distant. The inhabitants say that they are Trojans who were taken prisoners in Tenedos by the Greeks, and were permitted by Agamemnon to dwell in their present home. For this reason they honor Apollo more than any other god.

Pausanias, Description of Greece,[4]

Tenea was the most important place in ancient Corinthia after the city of Corinth and her port towns; it was situated 60 stadia south of Corinth, according to Pausanias, hence the southern gate of Corinth was called the Teneatic. Stephanus of Byzantium describes Tenea as lying between Corinth and Mycenae.[5] Pausanias says that the Teneatae claimed descent from the inhabitants of Tenedos, who were brought over from Troy as prisoners, and settled by Agamemnon in this part of Corinthia; and that it was in consequence of their Trojan origin that they worshipped Apollo above all the other gods.[6] Strabo also mentions here the temple of Apollo Teneates, and says that Tenea and Tenedos had a common origin in Tennes, the son of Cycnus.[7] It was at Tenea that Oedipus was said to have passed his childhood. It was also from this place that Archias took the greater number of the colonists with whom he founded Syracuse. After the destruction of Corinth by Lucius Mummius Achaicus, Tenea had the good fortune to continue undisturbed, because it is said to have assisted the Romans against Corinth.[7] We cannot, however, suppose that an insignificant place like Tenea could have acted in opposition to Corinth and the Achaean League; and it is more probable that the Teneatae were spared by Mummius in consequence of their pretended Trojan descent and consequent affinity with the Romans themselves.

Archaeological findings[edit]

Ruins of ancient Tenea are one kilometre south of Chiliomodi. Some archaeological finds are housed in the Archaeological Museum of Ancient Corinth. The most famous find, the Kouros of Tenea (c. 550 BC), found near Athikia in 1846, is in the Munich Glyptothek. It is a great example of 6th century BC Greek sculpture and of the so-called Aeginetean[8] or archaic smile.

In 1984, archaeologists discovered a sarcophagus of the Greek early archaic period containing the skeletal remains of what had been a high-society woman along with offerings.[9]

In 2013, archaeologists surveyed a site in the area and, encouraged by pottery and other small finds, began excavating. They said that “The concentration of ceramics and architectural remains ... were the reasons that led us to the excavation of the site,”[9] In 2017, they found a trove of riches while digging up what had been a dual-chambered burial ground at the Tenea site.[9] In 2018, they found “proof of the existence of the ancient city” of Tenea. An image of the excavation site depicts stone walls, the remains of what were probably houses from the settlement.[9]

Apollo of Tenea in the Pushkin Museum

Subdivisions[edit]

The municipal unit Tenea is subdivided into the following communities (constituent villages in brackets):

Historical population[edit]

Year Population
1991 5,245
2001 5,136
2011 5,084

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
  3. ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.
  4. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece 2.5.4 at Perseus Project.
  5. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. s.v. Τενέα.
  6. ^ Pausanias. Description of Greece. 2.5.4.
  7. ^ a b Strabo. Geographica. viii. p.380. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  8. ^ Harold North Fowler, A History of Sculpture
  9. ^ a b c d A lost ancient city built by Trojan War captives has been found, Greek officials say

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Tenea". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

External links[edit]