Chandel district

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Chandel district
District
Location of Chandel district in Manipur
Location of Chandel district in Manipur
Nickname(s): 
Kankhupam
Coordinates: 24°19′N 93°59′E / 24.317°N 93.983°E / 24.317; 93.983Coordinates: 24°19′N 93°59′E / 24.317°N 93.983°E / 24.317; 93.983
Country India
StateManipur
Founded byPakan tribes
HeadquartersChandel
Area
 • Total521 km2 (201 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total168,217
 • Density21.83/km2 (56.5/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialEnglish, Anal (Pakan) Lamkang (Pakan) and other local languages
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-MN-BI
Vehicle registrationMN
Websitechandel.nic.in

Chandel district (Pron:/ˌtʃænˈdɛl/) is one of the 16 districts of Manipur state in northeastern India. As of 2011 it is the second least populous district in the state, after Tamenglong.[1]

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Chandel one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[2] It is one of the three districts in Manipur currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[2]

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Mungar District
Religion Percent
Christians
89.50%
Hindus
7.50%
Muslims
2.14%
Buddhists
0.28%
Others
0.25%
Not Stated
0.20%
Jains
0.04%
Sikhs
0.02%

According to the 2011 census Chandel district has a population of 144,028,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Saint Lucia.[3] This gives it a ranking of 602nd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 43 inhabitants per square kilometre (110/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.72%.[1] Chandel has a sex ratio of 932 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 70.85%.[1]

Languages[edit]

Languages spoken include Anal (Pakan), Lamkang and Meitei language in the Headquarter. Anāl, Lamkang, Moyon and Monsang tribe are dominant in the district headquarter and Aimol, a Sino-Tibetan tongue with less than 2500 speakers, written in the Latin script;[4] and Anal, which is also Sino-Tibetan and spoken by approximately 14,000 Indians, and more in Myanmar (and which should not be confused with the Anus language).[5]

Flora and fauna[edit]

In 1989, Chandel [originally Tengnoupal district] became home to the Yangoupokpi-Lokchao Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 185 km2 (71.4 sq mi).[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  2. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Saint Lucia 161,557 July 2011 est.
  4. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Aimol: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  5. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Anal: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  6. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Manipur". Archived from the original on 9 October 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.

External links[edit]