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Tenna (天和) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, "year name") after Enpō and before Jōkyō. This period spanned the years from September 1681 through February 1684.[1] The reigning emperor was Reigen-tennō (霊元天皇).[2]

Change of era[edit]

  • ''Tenna gannen (天和元年): The new era name of Tenna (meaning "Heavenly Imperial Peace") was created to mark the 58th year of a cycle of the Chinese zodiac. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Enpō 9, on the 29th day of the 9th month.

Events of the Tenna era[edit]

  • 1681 (Tenna 1): In Edo, the investiture of Tokugawa Tsunayoshi as the fifth shogun of the Edo bakufu.[3]
  • February 5, 1681 (Tenna 1, 28th day of the 12th month): The Great Tenna Fire in Edo.[4]
  • 1681 (Tenna 2): A famine afflicts Heian-kyō and the nearby areas.[4]
  • March 3, 1683 (Tenna 3, 5th day of the 2nd month): Yaoya Oshichi was burned at the stake for arson.
  • 1683 (Tenna 3): Tokugawa shogunate grants permission for Mitsui money exchanges (ryōgaeten) to be established in Edo.[5]
  • 1683 (Tenna 4): The assassination of Hotta Masatoshi signals the end of government characterized by financial sobriety and stringency, and the beginning of a swing towards extravagance and the expansive spending policies of Tsunayoshi's chamberlains.[6]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tenna" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 959, p. 959, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 414–415.
  3. ^ Titsingh, p. 414.
  4. ^ a b Titsingh, p. 415.
  5. ^ Hiroshi Shinjō. (1962). History of the Yen: 100 Years of Japanese Money-economy, p. 11.
  6. ^ Bodart-Bailey, Beatrice. (2006). The Dog Shogun: The Personality and Policies of Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, p. 183.


External links[edit]

Preceded by
Era or nengō

Succeeded by