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Tenneco, Inc.
IndustryAuto parts
Founded1940; 83 years ago (1940)
HeadquartersNorthville, Michigan, U.S.
Key people
Jim Voss, CEO
Jeff Stafeil, CFO
Ed Yocum, Senior Vice President and General Counsel [1]
ProductsRide control, emissions control, elastomer, Powertrain Components, Suspension, Brake pads
OwnerApollo Global Management
Number of employees
71,000 [2]
DivisionsClean Air, DRiV, Performance Solutions, Powertrain

Tenneco (formerly Tenneco Automotive and originally Tennessee Gas Transmission Company) is an automotive components original equipment manufacturer and an aftermarket ride control and emissions products manufacturer. It is a Fortune 500 company that was publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange since November 1999 until it was taken private in November 2022 by Apollo Global Management.[3] Tenneco is headquartered in Northville, Michigan.[4]


Tenneco, Inc.'s origin was in the Chicago Corporation, established about 1930.[5] Tennessee Gas and Transmission Company (completely separate) had been formed in 1940.[6]

Natural gas[edit]

A shortage of fuel for World War II defense industries in the Appalachian area developed when industrial production was increased. The nuclear development operations of the Manhattan Project at Oak Ridge, Tennessee consumed huge quantities of Tennessee Valley Authority electrical power that would have otherwise been available to other industrial operations. The Chicago Corporation was able to acquire a Federal Power Commission (FPC) license to build a pipeline from Texas to Appalachia, eventually expanding to the largest natural gas pipeline network in the United States. These pipelines were acquired by El Paso Corporation in 1996, and are now owned by Kinder Morgan.


In the 1950s, the company acquired existing oil companies, including Sterling Oil, Del-Key Petroleum, and Bay Petroleum.[7] The Tennessee division of the Chicago Corporation acquired Tennessee Gas Transmission Company in 1943 to build a natural-gas pipeline 1,265 miles (2,036 km) from Texas to West Virginia. The first line was completed in October 1944. It was followed by three additional pipelines totaling 3,840 miles (6,180 km)[6] during the next 15 years which provide gas to New York and New Jersey.[8]

In 1966, Tennessee Gas was incorporated as Tenneco, Inc.[5] Tenneco expanded into a number of business ventures as a result of diversification. In 1967, the company acquired Walker, Inc., a manufacturer of universal-fit exhaust mufflers and pipes. The year after, they started working on the construction of a universal-fit catalytic converter, that would become a cost-effective alternative to the OE catalytic converters. It took the company 8 years to introduce one. Tenneco bought Houston Oil & Minerals Corporation in the late 1970s. Tenneco owned and operated a large number of gasoline service stations, but all were closed or replaced with other brands by the mid-1990s.[6]

Fairchild F-27J executive aircraft of Tenneco at Chicago O'Hare Airport in 1979. The company also operated British Aircraft Corporation BAC One-Eleven jet aircraft in executive configuration.[9]

In the 1970s, Tenneco purchased 53% of J.I. Case when they purchased its owner Kern County Land Company, the agricultural equipment manufacturer based in Racine, Wisconsin, USA.[6] In 1972, Tenneco purchased UK-based David Brown Tractors, and merged it with the J.I. Case business. In 1984, Case parent Tenneco bought selected assets of the International Harvester agriculture division and merged it with J.I. Case. All agriculture products are first labeled Case International and later Case IH. Tenneco purchased the articulated 4WD manufacturer Steiger Tractor in 1986, and merged it into Case IH.

The new corporate direction was to buy failing companies in a variety of industries, and then to develop them into profitable businesses. This worked well with Newport News Shipbuilding, but failed miserably with the various tractor companies, probably due in large part to the economy at the time. By 1988, the company was losing $2 million per day. After being pressured by the banks, it was decided to sell off the oil business. Tenneco Oil Exploration Company was split up and sold off to multiple buyers.[10]

By 1994, Tenneco decided to begin getting out of the agricultural business and agreed to sell 35% of the now named Case Corporation.[11] In 1996, the spin-off of Case Corporation was completed. The company was acquired by Fiat in 1999 and merged with New Holland Agriculture to form CNH Global.[12]


Tenneco Inc. emerged from a conglomerate consisting of six unrelated businesses: shipbuilding, packaging, farm and construction equipment, gas transmission, automotive, and chemicals.[13] The automotive division was spun off from Tenneco, Inc. in 1991 along with the packaging, energy, natural gas, and shipbuilding divisions.[6] All businesses except automotive and packaging were disposed of between 1994 and 1996 (through public offerings, sales, spin-offs and mergers).[13] In 1999, Tenneco Packaging was spun off and renamed to Packaging Corporation of America (Pactiv Corporation).[13]

Since the 1960s, Tenneco Automotive has sold mufflers (UK: silencers) in Europe, including through the Pit Stop chain in Germany. The group bought a German factory in Virnheim in 1969, Swedish Starla in 1974 and French Bellanger and English Harmo Industries in 1976 and Danish Lydex in 1978. More acquisitions followed.[14]

On October 28, 2005 Tenneco Automotive was renamed as Tenneco.[15]

Federal Mogul Acquisition[edit]

On October 1, 2018, Tenneco completed its acquisition of Federal-Mogul, a large global supplier to original equipment manufacturers and the aftermarket.[citation needed]

In February 2019, Tenneco announced that it would spin off its automotive aftermarket suspension components into DRiV Incorporated.[16]

Acquisition by Apollo Global Management[edit]

On February 23, 2022, Tenneco announced that it had entered into a definitive agreement to be acquired by Apollo Global Management for $7.1 billion.[17] The acquisition was completed in November 2022.


Tenneco is a multi-national corporation with 93 manufacturing facilities in 26 countries located on 6 continents, with major centers of operations in North America, Europe, Australia and Asia. There were 30,000 employees in 2016[citation needed]. The North American manufacturing facilities are located in Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, Tennessee, Georgia, Virginia, Ohio, United States, and Cambridge, Ontario, Canada; the corporate headquarters is located in Lake Forest, Illinois, European facilities in Belgium, Poland, Czech Republic, Germany, UK, France, Spain and Portugal, with headquarters located in Belgium, Asian facilities include in India, China, Singapore and Japan, Australian Facilities are in Sydney, Morea (New Zealand)[clarification needed] and Clovelly Park and African Facility includes South Africa's Port Elizabeth.[citation needed]

Tenneco owns the following brands:

These are sold to over 500 after-market customers including retailers and wholesalers and to more than 25 OEMs, including Audi, Chrysler, Daimler, Stellantis,Enfield, Fiat, Ford Motor Company, General Motors, Honda, Navistar International, Jaguar Cars, Mahindra & Mahindra, Maruti Suzuki, Mazda, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Porsche, PSA Peugeot Citroën, Renault, Škoda, Suzuki, Tata, Toyota, TVS, Volkswagen Group, Volvo, E-Z-GO, and CLUB CAR[citation needed].


During the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, reports surfaced that Tenneco had failed to join other "international" (mainly western) businesses by withdrawing from the Russian market. Research from Yale University updated on April 28, 2022, identifying how companies were reacting to Russia's invasion identified Tenneco in the worst category of "Digging In", meaning Defying Demands for Exit: companies defying demands for exit/reduction of activities.[32]


United States[edit]

  • Angola - Elastomeric Products: Heavy duty/Automotive products, spring eye bushings, fluid bushings, torque rod assemblies, links, & V-rods.
  • Elkhart - Manufacturing plant that primarily makes exhaust components for other Tenneco facilities. The Elkhart plant is the only manufacturing plant that is owned (rather than leased) by Tenneco.
  • Ligonier - Manufacturing facility that makes full exhaust systems and related components for Ford Motor Company, Chrysler, and Honda. Ligonier is one of the plants that has its own tubemill which accepts steel coil, gradually rolls it into a pipe and then welds the seam shut. This newly formed pipe is then cut to length and used within the plant or shipped as-is to other Tenneco plants.
  • Litchfield - Manufacturing facility that makes full exhaust systems and related components. This plant has its own tubemill which accepts steel coil, gradually rolls it into a tube and welds the seam shut. This newly formed pipe is cut to length and used within the plant or shipped as-is to other Tenneco plants.
  • Marshall - Manufacturing facility that makes full exhaust systems and related components for Ford Motor Company, Chrysler, and General Motors. Marshall is one of the plants that has its own tubemill which accepts steel coil, gradually rolls it into a tube and then welds the seam shut. This newly formed pipe is cut to length and used within the plant or shipped as-is to other Tenneco plants. The Marshall facility is also equipped with multiple high-speed automatic muffler assembly lines.
  • Monroe - Houses the North American business unit which consists of almost 500 employees involved in multiple disciplines such as design, product engineering, sales, and marketing.[33]
  • Seward - Manufacturing facility that makes full exhaust systems and related components for CAT, Chrysler, General Motors, John Deere and Harley-Davidson. Seward is one of the plants that has its own tubemill which accepts steel coil, gradually rolls it into a tube and then welds the seam shut. This newly formed pipe is cut to length and used within the plant or shipped as-is to other Tenneco plants.
  • Kettering - Products: Shock absorbers, Struts, modular suspension assemblies, XNOx injector, and XNOx DCU box.
  • Milan - Products: suspension bushings, cab mounts, steering system bushings, exhaust isolators, rubber compound
  • Napoleon - Products: anti-vibration bushings and suspension links


  • Rosario - Monroe Fric Rot - Shock absorbers
  • Buenos Aires - Walker - Products: Muffler (silencers), Catalysts, exhaust systems
  • Sint-Truiden - EU headquarters Ride Control division; METC, the EU design and development center; largest ride control plant in Europe; products: shock absorbers, powdered metal components, press parts
  • Cotia, São Paulo (Axios) - Products: engine mounts, shock absorber bushings, and dampers
  • Moji-Mirim, São Paulo (Monroe, Walker) - Products: exhaust automotive systems and shock absorbers
  • Três Corações, Minas Gerais (Federal-Mogul) - Products: combustion engine valves
  • Santo André, São Paulo (Federal-Mogul) - Products: combustion engine valves
  • Araras, São Paulo (Federal-Mogul) - Products: pistons and camshafts
  • Manaus, Amazonas (Federal-Mogul) - Products: lighting equipments
  • São Bernardo do Campo, São Paulo - Former Diadema plant. Passthrough operations.
  • Suzhou - Products: elastomer products
Czech Republic
  • Bawal - Products: struts, shock absorbers, front fork
  • Pune - Products: muffler (silencers), catalytic converter, complete exhaust systems
  • Hosur - Products: struts, shock absorbers, front fork
  • Sanand - Products: Exhaust System (Silencers)
  • Rybnik - Emission control engineering and manufacturing
  • Gliwice - Shock absorber (struts) plant with Engineering Centre (EEEC) in Gliwice, near Katowice[34]
  • Stanowice
  • Palmela - Products: Exhaust systems (JIT Plant) VW Autoeuropa.
  • Ermua - Products: shock absorbers, elastomers, and complete exhaust systems
  • Gijón - Products: shock absorbers - closed in 2016.
  • Valencia
South Africa
  • Tredegar - producing exhaust systems under the Tenneco-Walker brand, employing 190
  • Dowlais Top - producing exhaust components, scheduled to employ 200+

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Leadership Team". www.tenneco.com. Tenneco Inc. Retrieved 2016-09-03.
  2. ^ "Tenneco". Fortune. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
  3. ^ "Apollo Funds Complete Acquisition of Tenneco". Apollo.com. Retrieved 2022-12-10.
  4. ^ Channick, Robert (1 November 2022). "Another Chicago-area corporate HQ hitting the road as Lake Forest-based auto parts supplier Tenneco plans move to Michigan". Chicago Tribune.
  5. ^ a b TENNECO BUILDING, Diana J. Kleiner, Handbook of Texas Online (retrieved 11 August 2010)
  6. ^ a b c d e "History of Tenneco Inc". Funding Universe. Retrieved 2022-01-19.
  7. ^ "Tenneco Inc". Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2022-05-09.
  8. ^ Directory of Company Histories, 1988, Encyclopedia.com (retrieved 11 September 2010)
  9. ^ "Aircraft Photo of N504T | BAC 111-211AH One-Eleven | AirHistory.net #11412". airhistory.net. Retrieved 2022-05-09.
  10. ^ Hayes, Thomas C. (11 October 1988). "Tenneco Selling Its Oil Company For $7.3 Billion". The New York Times. Retrieved 2020-09-02.
  11. ^ Jones, Kathryn (1994-04-27). "COMPANY REPORTS; Tenneco to Offer 35% of J.I. Case". The New York Times. Retrieved 2022-05-09.
  12. ^ "History of CNH Global N.V." Funding Universe. Retrieved 2022-01-19.
  13. ^ a b c "Tenneco History". Tenneco.com. Archived from the original on 2010-09-26. Retrieved 12 September 2010.
  14. ^ Burchardt, Jørgen (2008). Lydpotter, arbejde og ledelse. Walker Danmark. Ringe: Kulturbøger. p. 160. ISBN 978-87-88327-17-5. Retrieved 2022-05-09.
  15. ^ "Tenneco Automotive Changes Name to Tenneco Inc" (Press release). Lake Forest, Illinois. October 28, 2005. Archived from the original on 24 February 2015.
  16. ^ "DRiV Incorporated to Spin From Tenneco Later This Year". Business Wire (Press release). 2019-02-14. Retrieved 2019-11-11.
  17. ^ "Lake Forest-based Tenneco being taken private in $7.1 billion deal". Chicago Tribune. February 23, 2022. Retrieved 2022-05-09.
  18. ^ "Brands - Axios". tenneco.com. 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-12.
  19. ^ "Brands - Clevite Elastomers". tenneco.com. 2005. Retrieved 2011-03-12.
  20. ^ "Brands - DNX". tenneco.com. 2005. Archived from the original on 2008-01-13. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
  21. ^ "Brands - DynoMax". tenneco.com. 2005. Retrieved 2011-03-11.
  22. ^ "Brands - Fonos". tenneco.com. 2005. Retrieved 2011-03-12.
  23. ^ "Brands - Fric-Rot". tenneco.com. 2005. Retrieved 2011-03-12.
  24. ^ "Gillet GmbH". gillet.com. 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
  25. ^ "Kinetic Suspension Technology". tenneco.com. Retrieved 2011-03-12.
  26. ^ "Brands - Lukey". tenneco.com. 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-12.
  27. ^ "Brands - Marzocchi". tenneco.com. 2008. Archived from the original on 2010-02-10. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
  28. ^ "Monroe Shocks and Struts". monroe.com. 2005. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
  29. ^ "Brands - Rancho". tenneco.com. 2005. Retrieved 2011-03-12.
  30. ^ "Walker Exhaust". walkerexhaust.com. 2006. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
  31. ^ "Thrush". thrushexhaust.com. 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
  32. ^ "Over 750 Companies Have Curtailed Operations in Russia—But Some Remain". Yale School of Management. Retrieved 2022-04-28.
  33. ^ Ad in 2007 Monroe County Community Profile
  34. ^ "Tenneco Automotive Eastern Europe Sp. Z o.o. - Gliwice, ul. Bojkowska 59B". www.tenneco.gliwice.pl. Archived from the original on 2010-04-30. Retrieved 2022-02-22.

External links[edit]