Tennessee's 5th congressional district
|Tennessee's 5th congressional district|
The 5th congressional district of Tennessee is a congressional district in Middle Tennessee. It has been represented by Republican Andy Ogles since January 2023.
In the past, the fifth district has been nearly synonymous with Tennessee's capital city, Nashville, as the district has almost always been centered on Nashville throughout the 20th and early 21st centuries. The city is a center for the music, healthcare, publishing, banking and transportation industries, and is home to numerous colleges and universities (its old nickname was "the Athens of the South"). It is also home to the Grand Ole Opry and Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum, earning it the nickname "Music City".
Since the 2022 election cycle, there is no longer a congressional district centered on the city of Nashville itself. Tennessee's 5th is a gerrymandered district designed to favor Republican candidates. Prior to the 2020 House Redistricting Cycle, the district contained the entirety of Davidson County, making it a safe seat for the Democratic Party. Following redistricting, Nashville was split into 3 separate districts, effectively diluting the city's heavily Democratic voter base into the surrounding suburban and rural counties, which lean strongly Republican.
As of the 2020 United States redistricting cycle, the 5th District comprises a southern portion of Davidson County; portions of Wilson and Williamson Counties; and the entirety of Maury, Lewis, and Marshall Counties.
Election results from statewide races
Election results from presidential and statewide races
|2016||President||Donald Trump 55.6% - Hillary Clinton 38.5%|
|2018||Governor||Bill Lee 54.2% - Karl Dean 42.8%|
|2018||Senate||Phil Bredesen 49.5% - Marsha Blackburn 49.5%|
|2020||President||Donald Trump 54.5% - Joe Biden 43.2%|
|2020||Senate||Bill Hagerty 57.6% - Marquita Bradshaw 39.8%|
|2022||Governor||Bill Lee 58.4% - Jason Martin 40.1%|
- Results Under Old Lines (2013-2023)
|2012||President||Barack Obama 56% - Mitt Romney 42.5%|
|2016||President||Hillary Clinton 56.5% - Donald Trump 38.2%|
|2020||President||Joe Biden 60.3% - Donald Trump 36.7%|
- Results Under Old Lines (2003-2013)
|2000||President||Al Gore 57% - George W. Bush 42%|
|2004||President||John Kerry 52% - George W. Bush 48%|
|2008||President||Barack Obama 57.5% - John McCain 41.3%|
Following the 1950 census, Tennessee expanded briefly to ten districts. Even though it has since contracted back to nine districts, that marked the beginning of the continuous period where the 5th district was centered on Davidson County/Nashville.
From 1941 to 1957, Nashville was represented by J. Percy Priest, who was the House majority whip in the 81st and 82nd Congresses. A dam in eastern Davidson County and the lake formed by the dam are both named in his memory.
Priest died just before the Election of 1956, and the Democrats turned to Carlton Loser. Loser won that election, and then to two more Congresses after that. Loser appeared to win another Democratic nomination in 1962, but his primary came under investigation for voter fraud, and a court ordered a new election. In this new election, Loser was defeated by former state senator Richard Fulton.
Richard "Dick" Fulton represented the 5th from 1963 until August 1975, when he retired from Congress to become the second mayor of metropolitan Nashville. Following the 1970 census, while Fulton was representing the district, Tennessee briefly contracted to eight congressional districts. During the 1970s, the district encompassed Davidson, Cheatham, and Robertson counties. This contraction of congressional districts forced the first time in thirty years that Davidson County was not the sole county in the district. (The fifth was only Davidson County from 1943 to 1972.)
Once Fulton was Nashville's mayor, he was succeeded in Congress by former state senator Clifford Allen. Allen served for only a term and a half (November 1975 - June 1978) before he died in office due to complications from a heart attack suffered a month earlier.
In the election of 1978, the fifth district selected state senator Bill Boner. He served in Congress for ten years, and then succeeded Fulton as mayor of Nashville. Boner was succeeded in 1988 by Bob Clement, former president of Cumberland University and son of the former governor Frank G. Clement. Clement served seven terms in Congress, where he represented Davidson and Robertson counties. He was one of the 81 Democratic congressmen who voted for the Iraq Resolution of 2002.
Clement did not run for re-election in 2002, as he was running for the open U.S. Senate seat left by retiring Fred Thompson. He won the Democratic nomination easily, but was defeated in the general election by former governor Lamar Alexander. Clement was succeeded in Congress by Jim Cooper, who, like Clement, was also the son of a former governor. Cooper is considered a blue dog Democrat. According to On The Issues, he is deemed "moderate", but is slightly to the left of the political center. After the 2020 United States redistricting cycle moved the 5th district to the Republican-leaning suburbs to the south of Nashville, Cooper announced that he would not run again in 2022. He was succeeded in Congress by Andy Ogles, the former mayor of Maury County.
List of members representing the district
Recent election results
- Results Under Old Lines (2013-2023)
|Democratic||Jim Cooper (incumbent)||171,358||65.22||+9.0|
|Write-in candidate||Sean Puckett||12||0.0|
|Democratic||Jim Cooper (incumbent)||96,148||62.32||-2.9|
|Democratic||Jim Cooper (incumbent)||171,111||62.55||+0.23|
|Republican||Stacy Ries Snyder||102,433||37.44||+1.74|
|Democratic||Jim Cooper (incumbent)||177,923||67.84||+5.29|
|Republican||Jody M. Ball||84,317||32.15||-5.29|
|Write-in candidate||Marshal Weaver||8||0.0|
|Democratic||Jim Cooper (incumbent)||252,155||100.00||+32.16|
Results Under New Lines (2023-present)
|Republican gain from Democratic|
- ^ Supported the Jackson faction in the 1824 United States presidential election
- ^ Geography, US Census Bureau. "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (state-based)". www.census.gov. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- ^ Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov. Retrieved November 1, 2022.
- ^ "My Congressional District".
- ^ "2022 Cook PVI℠: District Map and List". Cook Political Report. Retrieved January 10, 2023.
- ^ "Broadcast Music, Inc. (BMI)". Archived from the original on July 7, 2001.
- ^ "Gov. Lee signs congressional redistricting bill splitting Davidson County". WTVF. February 7, 2022. Retrieved April 25, 2022.
- ^ "DRA 2020". Daves Redistricting. Retrieved April 25, 2022.
- ^ a b "JeffreyBLewis/congressional-district-boundaries". GitHub. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- ^ "J. PERCY PRIEST, 56, LEGISLATOR, DEAD; Tennessee Representative 16 Years, Ex-Democratic Whip, Was Commerce Chairman Was Teacher and Coach". The New York Times. October 13, 1956. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- ^ "It Starts with Richard Fulton | Politics | Nashville Banner". www.thenashvillebanner.com. Archived from the original on January 25, 2015. Retrieved May 22, 2022.
- ^ "Observer-Reporter - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- ^ "H.J.Res. 114 (107th): Authorization for Use of Military Force Against ... -- House Vote #455 -- Oct 10, 2002". GovTrack.us. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- ^ "Our Campaigns - TN US Senate Race - Nov 05, 2002". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- ^ OnTheIssues.org. "Jim Cooper on the Issues". house.ontheissues.org. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- ^ Sutton, Caroline (January 25, 2022). "US Rep. Jim Cooper announces he will not seek reelection in 2022". News Channel 5 Nashville. Retrieved January 15, 2023.
- ^ "November 6, 2012 General Election" (PDF). Tennessee Secretary of State. Retrieved November 16, 2022.
- ^ "November 4, 2014 General Election" (PDF). Tennessee Secretary of State. Retrieved November 16, 2022.
- ^ "November 8, 2016 General Election" (PDF). Tennessee Secretary of State. Retrieved November 16, 2022.
- ^ "November 6, 2018 General Election" (PDF). Tennessee Secretary of State. Retrieved November 16, 2022.
- ^ "November 3, 2020 General Election" (PDF). Tennessee Secretary of State. Retrieved November 16, 2022.
- ^ "November 8, 2022 General Election" (PDF). Tennessee Secretary of State. Retrieved January 9, 2023.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
- House of Representatives member information, via Clerk of the United States House of Representatives