Tennessee's 5th congressional district
|Tennessee's 5th congressional district|
|Current Representative||Jim Cooper (D–Nashville)|
|Ethnicity||70.0% White, 23.6% Black, 2.0% Asian, 4.2% Hispanic, 0.3% Native American, 0.2% other|
The district is located slightly northwest of the state's geographical center. It is currently composed of Davidson and Dickson counties, as well as most of Cheatham County. It is the only Tennessee congressional district which does not border another state.
The fifth district is nearly synonymous with Tennessee's capital city, Nashville, as the district has almost always been centered on Nashville throughout the 20th and early 21st centuries. The city is a center for the music, healthcare, publishing, banking and transportation industries, and is home to numerous colleges and universities. It is also home to the Grand Ole Opry and Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum, earning it the nickname "Music City".
The district stretches west of Nashville, and into Cheatham and Dickson counties, which are far less suburbanized than the communities to the south and east of Nashville.
The 5th is historically a very safe seat for the Democratic Party, due almost entirely to the influence of heavily Democratic Nashville. Some pockets of Republican influence exist in Belle Meade, and portions of neighboring Cheatham County. However, they are no match for the overwhelming Democratic trend in most of Nashville.
No Republican has represented Nashville in Congress since Horace Harrison in 1875.
Following the 1950 census, Tennessee expanded briefly to ten districts. Even though it has since contracted back to nine districts, that marked the beginning of the continuous period where the 5th district was centered on Davidson County/Nashville.
From 1941 to 1957, Nashville was represented by J. Percy Priest, who was the House majority whip in the 81st and 82nd Congresses. A dam in eastern Davidson County and the lake formed by the dam are both named in his memory.
Priest died just before the Election of 1956, and the Democrats turned to Carlton Loser. Loser won that election, and then to two more Congresses after that. Loser appeared to win another Democratic nomination in 1962, but his primary came under investigation for voter fraud, and a court ordered a new election. In this new election, Loser was defeated by former state senator Richard Fulton.
Richard "Dick" Fulton represented the 5th from 1963 until 1977, when retired from Congress to become the second mayor of metropolitan Nashville.
Following the 1970 census, while Fulton was representing the district, Tennessee briefly contracted to eight congressional districts. During the 70s, the district encompassed Davidson, Cheatham, and Robertson counties. This contraction of congressional districts forced the first time in thirty years where Davidson County was not the sole county in the district. (The fifth was Davidson County and only Davidson County from 1943 to 1972.)
Once Fulton was Nashville mayor, he was succeeded in Congress by former state senator Clifford Allen. Allen served for only a term and a half (Nov.1975- Jun.1978) before he died in office due to complications from a heart attack he'd suffered a month earlier.
In the election of 1978, the fifth district selected state senator Bill Boner. He served in Congress for ten years, and then succeeded Fulton as mayor of Nashville.
Boner was succeeded in 1988 by Bob Clement, former president of Cumberland University and son of former governor Frank G. Clement. Clement ended up serving seven terms as TN-District 5 Congressman, where he served Davidson and Robertson counties. He was one of the 81 Democrat congressmen who voted for the Iraq Resolution of 2002.
Clement did not run for re-election in 2002, as he was running for the open US Senate seat left by retiring Fred Thompson. He won the Democrat nomination easily, but was defeated in the general election by former governor Lamar Alexander. Clement was succeeded in Congress by Jim Cooper, who, like Clement, was also the son of a former governor.
Jim Cooper is considered a blue dog Democrat. According to On The Issues, he is deemed "moderate", but is slightly to the left of the political center. As of summer 2016, he has served seven terms, and is running for re-election.
List of representatives
|District created March 4, 1813|
|Felix Grundy||March 4, 1813 - ??, 1814||Democratic-Republican||Redistricted from the 3rd district, Resigned|
|Newton Cannon||September 16, 1814 - March 4, 1817||Democratic-Republican|
|Thomas Claiborne||March 4, 1817 - March 4, 1819||Democratic-Republican|
|Newton Cannon||March 4, 1819 - March 4, 1823||Democratic-Republican|
|Robert Allen||March 4, 1823 - March 4, 1825||Jacksonian D-R||Redistricted from the 4th district|
|March 4, 1825 - March 4, 1827||Jacksonian|
|Robert Desha||March 4, 1827 - March 4, 1831||Jacksonian||Gallatin|
|William Hall||March 4, 1831 - March 4, 1833||Jacksonian||Sumner County|
|John B. Forester||March 4, 1833 - March 4, 1835||Jacksonian|
|March 4, 1835 - March 4, 1837||Anti-Jacksonian|
|Hopkins L. Turney||March 4, 1837 - March 4, 1843||Democratic||Winchester|
|George Washington Jones||March 4, 1843 - March 4, 1853||Democratic||Fayetteville||Redistricted to the 6th district|
|Charles Ready||March 4, 1853 - March 4, 1855||Whig||Murfreesboro|
|March 4, 1855 - March 4, 1859||Know Nothing|
|Robert H. Hatton||March 4, 1859 - March 4, 1861||Opposition||Lebanon|
|American Civil War|
|William B. Campbell||July 24, 1866 - March 4, 1867||Unionist||Wilson County|
|John Trimble||March 4, 1867 - March 4, 1869||Republican||Nashville|
|William F. Prosser||March 4, 1869 - March 4, 1871||Republican||Nashville|
|Edward I. Golladay||March 4, 1871 - March 4, 1873||Democratic||Lebanon|
|Horace Harrison||March 4, 1873 - March 4, 1875||Republican||Nashville|
|John M. Bright||March 4, 1875 - March 4, 1881||Democratic||Fayetteville||Redistricted from the 4th district|
|Richard Warner||March 4, 1881 - March 4, 1885||Democratic||Lewisburg|
|James D. Richardson||March 4, 1885 - March 4, 1905||Democratic||Murfreesboro|
|William C. Houston||March 4, 1905 - March 4, 1919||Democratic||Woodbury|
|Ewin L. Davis||March 4, 1919 - March 4, 1933||Democratic||Tullahoma|
|Jo Byrns||March 4, 1933 - June 4, 1936||Democratic||Nashville||Redistricted from the 6th district, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1935–1936, Died|
|Richard M. Atkinson||January 3, 1937 - January 3, 1939||Democratic||Nashville|
|Jo Byrns, Jr.||January 3, 1939 - January 3, 1941||Democratic||Nashville|
|Percy Priest||January 3, 1941 - January 3, 1943||Independent Democrat||Nashville||Redistricted to the 6th district|
|Jim Nance McCord||January 3, 1943 - January 3, 1945||Democratic||Lewisburg|
|Harold Earthman||January 3, 1945 - January 3, 1947||Democratic||Murfreesboro|
|Joe L. Evins||January 3, 1947 - January 3, 1953||Democratic||Smithville||Redistricted to the 4th district|
|Percy Priest||January 3, 1953 - October 12, 1956||Democratic||Nashville||Redistricted from the 6th district, Died|
|J. Carlton Loser||January 3, 1957 - January 3, 1963||Democratic||Nashville|
|Richard Fulton||January 3, 1963 - August 14, 1975||Democratic||Nashville||Resigned after becoming Mayor of Nashville|
|Clifford Allen||November 25, 1975 - June 18, 1978||Democratic||Nashville||Died|
|Vacant||June 18, 1978 – January 3, 1979|
|Bill Boner||January 3, 1979 - October 5, 1987||Democratic||Nashville||Resigned after becoming Mayor of Nashville|
|Bob Clement||January 19, 1988 - January 3, 2003||Democratic||Nashville|
|Jim Cooper||January 3, 2003 – present||Democratic||Nashville|
|Write-in candidate||Thomas F. Kovach||15||0.0|
|Republican||Thomas F. Kovach||49,702||27.9||-2.8|
|Write-in candidate||Thomas F. Kovach||4||0.0|
|Independent||John "Big John" Smith||533||.3|
Source: TN Department of State
Source: TN Department of State
- "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-10.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
- November 7, 2006 General Election Official Returns (Accessed 2006-12-11)
- House of Representatives member information, via Clerk of the United States House of Representatives
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