Tennessee Maneuver Area

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Tennessee Maneuver Area was a training area in Middle Tennessee, comprising the following counties: Bedford, Cannon, Coffee, DeKalb, Hickman, Humphreys, Jackson, Lawrence, Maury, Moore, Perry, Putnam, Rutherford, Smith, Sumner, Trousdale, Warren, Wayne, White, Williamson, and Wilson. The area was selected because the terrain resembled France, Belgium and Germany.[1]

In June 1941, Major General George S. Patton conducted maneuvers with the 2nd Armored Division in the Manchester, Tennessee vicinity, where he soundly defeated the opposing forces, using large-scale armored fighting based on Bedford Forrest’s cavalry doctrine. These maneuvers led to the creation of the Tennessee Maneuver Area.[2]

On 24 Jun 1942, Governor Prentice Cooper, announced that nine counties would be used as a maneuver area by the Second Army, and was eventually expanded to twenty-one counties by the time of closure in 1944. By 25 Jul 1942, the War Department selected Cumberland University, in Lebanon, Tennessee as the location of the Headquarters for the Army Ground Forces field problems, commonly known as the Tennessee Maneuvers.

Between 1942 and 1944, in seven large scale training exercises, more than 850,000 soldiers were trained in the Tennessee Maneuver Area.[3]

Units Trained in Tennessee Maneuver Area[edit]

Unit Year Training Period!
XII CORPS SSI.gif XII Corps 1942 September - November[4]
6th Infantry Division.svg 6th Infantry Division 1942 September - November[5]
8th Infantry Division patch.svg 8th Infantry Division 1942 September - November[6]
4th US Armored Division SSI.svg 4th Armored Division 1942 October - November[7]
US Army VII Corps SSI Pre-April 28, 1944.png VII Corps 1943 April - June[8]
79th Infantry Division SSI.svg 79th Infantry Division 1943 April - June[9][10]
US Army 81st Infantry Division SSI.svg 81st Infantry Division 1943 April - June[11]
5th US Armored Division SSI.svg 5th Armored Division 1943 April - June[12][13]
3 Corps Shoulder Sleeve Insignia.svg III Corps 1943 June - August[14]
101Airborne-Patch.jpg 101st Airborne Division 1943 June - July[15][16]
80th Inf Div SSI SVG.svg 80th Infantry Division 1943 June - August[17][18]
83rd Infantry Division SSI.svg 83th Infantry Division 1943 June - August[19][20]
10th US Armored Division SSI.svg 10th Armored Division 1943 June - August[21]
XX Corps ssi.gif XX Corps* 1943 September - November[22][23]
30th Infantry Division SSI.svg 30th Infantry Division 1943 September - November[24]
94th Regional Readiness Command SSI.svg 94th Infantry Division 1943 September - November[25][26]
98th Infantry Division shoulder sleeve insignia.svg 98th Infantry Division 1943 September - November[27]
12th U.S. Armored Division CSIB.svg 12th Armored Division 1943 September - November[28][29]
US XI Corps SSI.svg XI Corps 1943 November - January 1944[30]
35th Infantry Division SSI.svg 35th Infantry Division 1943 November - January 1944[31][32]
US 87th Infantry Division.svg 87th Infantry Division 1943 December - January 1944[33][34]
100th Infantry Division SSI.svg 100th Infantry Division 1943 November - January 1944[35]
14th US Armored Division SSI.svg 14th Armored Division 1943 November - January 1944[36][37]
XXII Corps SSI.svg XXII Corps 1944 January - March[38]
USA - 17 ABN DIV.svg 17th Airborne Division 1944 February - March[39][40]
Yankee Division.svg 26th Infantry Division 1944 January - March[41][42]
78th Infantry Division SSI.svg 78th Infantry Division 1944 January - March[43][44]
106Infantry Division.svg 106th Infantry Division 1944 January - March[45]

*Entered maneuver area as IV Armored Corps, re-designated XX Corps on 10 October 1943.

External Links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sloan, Eugene, "With Second Army, Somewhere in Tennessee", 1995.
  2. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  3. ^ Sloan, Eugene, "With Second Army, Somewhere in Tennessee", 1995.
  4. ^ XII Corps: Spearhead of Patton's· Third Army
  5. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  6. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  7. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  8. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  9. ^ The Cross of Lorraine, A Combat History of the 79th lnfantry Division, June 1942- December 1945
  10. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  11. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  12. ^ Paths of Armor; Normandy, Northern France, Ardennes, Alsace, Rhineland, and Central Europe.
  13. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  14. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  15. ^ Rendezvous With Destiny. History Of The 101st Airborne Division
  16. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  17. ^ 80th "Blue Ridge" Infantry Division
  18. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  19. ^ Thunderbolt Across Europe: A History of the 83d Infantry Division 1942-1945, The
  20. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  21. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  22. ^ The XX Corps Its History and Service in World War II
  23. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  24. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  25. ^ History of the 94th Infantry Division in World War II
  26. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  27. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  28. ^ Hellcats, 12th Armored Division.
  29. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  30. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  31. ^ The 35th Infantry Division in World War II 1941-1945
  32. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  33. ^ A Historical and Pictorial Record of the 87th Infantry Division in World War II, 1942- 1945
  34. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  35. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  36. ^ The Fourteenth Armored Division
  37. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  38. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  39. ^ Thunder from Heaven: Story of the 17th Airborne Division, 1943-1945
  40. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  41. ^ 26th Infantry Division History World War II
  42. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  43. ^ Lightning: The History of the 78th Infantry Division
  44. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8
  45. ^ McMillin, Woody, In the Presence of Soldiers, The 2nd Army Maneuvers & Other World War II Activity in Tennessee. Horton Heights Press, 2010, Nashville, Tennessee, ISBN 978-0-9827770-0-8