Tennis Canada

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tennis Canada
Tennis Canada.svg
Sport Tennis
Jurisdiction National
Abbreviation (TC)
Founded 1890 (1890)
Headquarters Aviva Centre, Toronto and Uniprix Stadium, Montreal[1]
Chairman Derrick Rowe
Chief Exec Kelly Murumets
Sponsor Sport Canada, International Tennis Federation
Official website
tenniscanada.com
Canada

Tennis Canada is the national governing body of tennis within Canada. It works together with the provincial associations to organize tournaments and rules. They also oversee the Canada Davis Cup team and the Canada Fed Cup team. Tennis Canada was formed in 1890 and is a full member of the International Tennis Federation (ITF). Tennis Canada operates under the auspices of Sport Canada, and is a member of the Canadian Olympic Association. Tennis Canada’s event management team is directly responsible for all national and international competitions in Canada, including junior, senior and wheelchair championships.

History[edit]

The Canadian Lawn Tennis Association (CLTA) was formed on July 1, 1890 in Toronto.[2][3] Delegates were present from at least thirteen clubs: six Toronto tennis clubs, including the Toronto Lawn Tennis Club; two clubs from Montreal; and clubs from London, Ottawa, St. Catharine's, Peterboro, and Petrolea.[3] Charles Smith Hyman, who won the Canadian Championships (later known as the Canadian Open) singles title five times in the 1880s, was chosen as its first president and served three one year terms (1890–1892).[4] The CLTA began organizing the Canadian Championships at the Toronto Lawn Tennis Club, starting with the 1890 tournament.[3] They adopted the rules of the All England Lawn Tennis Club, the club which hosts Wimbledon.[4][5] Beginning in 1894, the CLTA began organizing a junior championship for boys 18 years old and under.[6][7]

In the first quarter century of its existence, two men served lengthy terms as president of the CLTA: Henry Gordon MacKenzie for eight years (1893–1900),[5] and A.C. McMaster for thirteen years (1904–1916).[5] The International Lawn Tennis Federation (ILTF) was formed in 1913, and the CLTA was invited to be a founding member but declined.[8][9] In 1915, with many players fighting in World War I, the CLTA decided to suspend Canadian participation in the Davis Cup and also suspend the Canadian Championships.[10] During the war, Canadian tournaments were suspended, except where "the entire proceeds were devoted to the Red Cross or other patriotic funds."[11] In 1919, the CLTA resumed Canadian tournaments, but passed resolutions restricting Canadian players from competing "in tournaments authorized by Germans, Austrians, Turks, or Bulgarians" (i.e. Central Powers) and barring players from those nations from competing in Canadian tournaments.[11] In 1920, Canada sought to return to Davis Cup play, but issued a late withdrawal citing an inability "to secure players of Davis Cup calibre."[12]

Garnett H. Meldrum was president of the CLTA for twelve years (1922–1933).[5] Meldrum, who had previously been a founding member of the Ontario Lawn Tennis Association, boosted the international prestige of the Canadian Championships and began moving the tournament around Canada.[13] The 1931 tournament, for example, was held in Vancouver.[14] In 1922, the CLTA began publishing a magazine, Canadian Lawn Tennis; the first issue included the complete rules governing Canadian tennis.[15] By 1927, the CLTA had joined the ILTF.[16][17] In 1928, Meldrum proposed that one junior boy from each province be sent to the Canadian Championships as a means of stimulating improvement in their game.[17] At that time, there were 366 clubs and over 24,000 players affiliated with the CLTA.[17] Robert N. Watt served as president for nine years (1937–1945),[5] and later became the first Canadian president of the ILTF in 1957.[8][18] In 1938, the CLTA formed a national player development commission.[19]

During World War II, the CLTA suspended participation in the Davis Cup and also suspended the Canadian Championships.[20][21] As during the first world war, war-benefit tournaments were held in Canada.[22][23][24][25]

In 1975, Josef Brabenec Sr. was named the first Canadian national tennis coach. During his tenure, he designed national junior development and national coaching certification programs.[26] In 1976, the CLTA began renting a four-acre site on the grounds of York University in Toronto for one dollar per year for the purpose of building a five-court tennis centre at a cost of one million dollars to be the home of the Canadian Open tournament.[27]

Structure[edit]

The organizational membership is made up of ten provincial and one territorial associations.

As of 2016, the Chair of the Board is Derrick Rowe, while the President and Chief Executive Officer is Kelly Murumets. Directors include Marc Bibeau, Jennifer Bishop, Jack Graham (emeritus), Hector MacKay-Dunn, Stephen Mandel, Andrée Martin, Nadir Mohamed, and Mike Tevlin.

Development[edit]

Tennis Canada operates a junior national training program through three centers: at Uniprix Stadium in Montreal; at Aviva Centre in Toronto; and at the North Shore Winter Club in Vancouver.

Tournaments[edit]

Tennis Canada owns and operates the Canadian Open (marketed as the Rogers Cup since 2000), a joint men's and women's competition which attracts the top players in the world. For men, the Canadian Open is a Masters 1000 event on the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) tour; for women, it is a Premier 5 event on the Women's Tennis Association (WTA) tour. In odd-numbered years, the men's tournament is held in Montreal, while the women's tournament is held in Toronto, and vice versa in even-numbered years.[28][29]

Tennis Canada also owns and operates the National Bank Cup, a WTA International tournament held in Quebec City;[30] three ATP Challenger Tour tournaments in Drummondville, Granby, and Vancouver;[31] and several lower-level ITF-sanctioned professional tournaments for men and women. In 2015, these included events in Vancouver, Calgary, Saskatoon, Winnipeg, Toronto, and Gatineau.[32]

At the junior level, Tennis Canada operates eight junior national championships for Canadian juniors each year, including both indoor and outdoor events in four age categories: under-12, under-14, under-16, and under-18.[33] They also host several ITF-sanctioned junior tournaments from Grade 1[a] to Grade 5 open to international players. The largest of these is the Grade 1 level Canadian Open Junior Tennis Championships held in Repentigny, Quebec.[34]

International tennis[edit]

Tennis Canada is responsible for organizing Canadian teams for the Fed Cup, Davis Cup, Hopman Cup, the Olympics, and Paralympics.

Rogers rankings[edit]

Tennis Canada, in partnership with the Provincial Tennis Associations, launched Rogers Rankings on January 1, 2009. This new and enhanced ranking system is based on the proven Elo rating system used for ranking chess players and has been developed and used with exceptional accuracy by the Quebec Tennis Federation for over twenty-five years. The Rogers Rankings allows all competitors to compare themselves to the nation’s top players. Similar systems have also been in use in Spain and France. The Rogers Rankings system awards points to players based on quality of wins (i.e. head-to-head results) versus rounds won in a tournament. The system generates accurate rankings due to its ability to evaluate the calibre of competing players. Based on this premise, the stronger player is expected to win while the weaker player is expected to lose. Players are ranked according to points accumulated in national, provincial and international tournaments sanctioned by the Tennis Canada ranking committee. Player points are used to compute a national and provincial ranking. To ensure accuracy, Tennis Canada and the PTAs began testing the system internally on January 1, 2008.

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ ITF-sanctioned junior tournaments are graded. Grade A is the highest level, including junior Grand Slams and a few others. This is followed by Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4, and Grade 5 (the lowest level).
Sources
Footnotes
  1. ^ "Make Contact". Retrieved February 15, 2011. 
  2. ^ Innes-Taylor, R. (March 28, 1924). "The Story of Lawn Tennis". Ottawa Citizen. p. 24. Retrieved July 16, 2016 – via Google News Archive Search. 
  3. ^ a b c Hall, Valentine G., ed. (1891). Wright & Ditson Officially Adopted Lawn Tennis Guide. Boston, MA, USA: Wright & Ditson. pp. 196–199 – via Google Books. 
  4. ^ a b "Hall of Fame: Charles Hyman". Tennis Canada. Retrieved July 16, 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Tennis Canada 2016, p. 13.
  6. ^ Whittelsey, Joseph T., ed. (1894). Wright & Ditson Officially Adopted Lawn Tennis Guide. Boston, MA, USA: Wright & Ditson. p. 136 – via Google Books. 
  7. ^ Whittelsey, Joseph T., ed. (1895). Wright & Ditson Officially Adopted Lawn Tennis Guide. Boston, MA, USA: Wright & Ditson. p. 119 – via Google Books. 
  8. ^ a b "History". International Tennis Federation. Retrieved July 16, 2016. 
  9. ^ "Tennis". Weekly Times (Melbourne, Australia). May 17, 1913. p. 36. Retrieved July 17, 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
  10. ^ "Canadian Tennis Tournaments Off". The Toronto World. February 25, 1915. p. 8. Retrieved July 16, 2016 – via Google News Archive Search. 
  11. ^ a b "Dates Selected for Tennis Tournies". Ottawa Citizen. May 22, 1919. p. 31. Retrieved July 16, 2016 – via Google News Archive Search. 
  12. ^ "The Davis Cup: Canada Withdraws". The Telegraph. May 25, 1920. p. 11. Retrieved July 17, 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
  13. ^ "Hall of Fame: Garnett Meldrum". Tennis Canada. Retrieved July 16, 2016. 
  14. ^ "Meldrum is President". Montreal Gazette. February 23, 1931. p. 17. Retrieved July 17, 2016 – via Google News Archive Search. 
  15. ^ "Lawn Tennis Notes". Ottawa Citizen. May 29, 1922. p. 7. Retrieved July 16, 2016 – via Google News Archive Search. 
  16. ^ Condon, Edmund C. (May 7, 1927). "On the Courts". Ottawa Citizen. p. 7. Retrieved July 17, 2016 – via Google News Archive Search. 
  17. ^ a b c "Jack Wright No. 1 ranking player". Montreal Gazette. February 20, 1928. p. 10. Retrieved July 16, 2016 – via Google News Archive Search. 
  18. ^ "Hall of Fame: Robert Watt". Tennis Canada. Retrieved July 16, 2016. 
  19. ^ "Bob Murray given top ranking by Canadian Lawn Tennis Association". Montreal Gazette. February 21, 1938. p. 14. Retrieved July 16, 2016 – via Google News Archive Search. 
  20. ^ "Canada: Davis Cup Profile". Davis Cup. Retrieved July 24, 2016. 
  21. ^ Tennis Canada 2016, p. 80.
  22. ^ "Mrs. Little to Play in Benefit Net Series". Montreal Gazette. May 1, 1941. Retrieved July 24, 2016 – via Google News Archive Search. 
  23. ^ "Concordia to seek pro tennis match". Montreal Gazette. May 20, 1941. Retrieved July 24, 2016 – via Google News Archive Search. 
  24. ^ "Court Stars Generosity Proven by Arrangements". Ottawa Citizen. September 17, 1941. Retrieved July 24, 2016 – via Google News Archive Search. 
  25. ^ "On the Courts". Ottawa Citizen. June 22, 1940. Retrieved July 24, 2016 – via Google News Archive Search. 
  26. ^ "Hall of Fame: Josef Brabenec Sr.". Tennis Canada. Retrieved July 16, 2016. 
  27. ^ Moss, Marv (May 19, 1976). "Public golf links emerging from Mirabel shadows". Montreal Gazette. p. 28. Retrieved July 16, 2016 – via Google News Archive Search. 
  28. ^ "Tournament Info: Frequently Asked Questions". Rogers Cup. Tennis Canada. Retrieved June 26, 2016. 
  29. ^ Tennis Canada 2016, p. 78.
  30. ^ Tennis Canada 2016, p. 77.
  31. ^ Tennis Canada 2016, p. 68.
  32. ^ Tennis Canada 2016, p. 57-67,72-76.
  33. ^ Tennis Canada 2016, p. 146.
  34. ^ Tennis Canada 2016, p. 235.

External links[edit]