Tenryū Hamanako Line

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Tenryū Hamanako Line
TH2111.jpg
TH2100 series train
Overview
LocaleShizuoka Prefecture
TerminiKakegawa
Shinjohara
Stations37
Service
TypeHeavy rail
Operator(s)Tenryū Hamanako Railway
History
Opened1936
Technical
Line length67.7 km
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The Tenryū Hamanako Line (天竜浜名湖線, Tenryū Hamanako-sen), or Tenhama Line (天浜線, Tenhama-sen) for short, is a Japanese railway line in Shizuoka Prefecture, paralleling the north coast of Lake Hamana between Kakegawa Station in Kakegawa and Shinjohara Station in Kosai. This is the only railway line of Tenryū Hamanako Railroad (天竜浜名湖鉄道, Tenryū Hamanako Tetsudō).

History[edit]

The Japanese National Railways Futamata Line (二俣線, Futamata sen) was built as an alternative route for the Tokaido Main Line and in particular as a backup for the bridge over Lake Hamana, which was considered potentially vulnerable to weather disruption. The Japanese military also supported the project as the new line would be less vulnerable to coastal attack than the existing section of the Tokaido Main Line. Operations began on April 17, 1935, between Kakegawa and Enshū-Mori. Construction work progressed in the opposite direction with the Futamata-Nishi Line (二俣線西, Futamata-Nishi sen) connecting Shinjohara with Mikkabi on December 1, 1936. This line was extended to Kaminobe by April 1, 1938, and the two lines were connected on June 1, 1940.

The line was used as a detour for the Tokaido Main Line following damage to it caused by the Tōnankai earthquake in December 1944 and military actions in July 1945.

Steam locomotives ceased service on the line in 1971, and all scheduled freight services were discontinued from 1984.

With the privatization of the Japan National Railways on March 15, 1987, the operations of the former Futamata line were taken over by the newly created third sector Tenryū Hamanako Railroad.

Thirty-six features of the line (including bridges and station buildings) are registered tangible cultural properties of Japan.[1]

Former connecting lines[edit]

  • Tenryu-Futamata station - Construction started on a 35 km line to Chubu-Tenryu on the Iida Line in 1967. Proposed to involve 20 bridges and 14 tunnels, about 13 km of roadbed, and about 50% of the overall work had been completed when construction was abandoned in 1980.
  • Kanasashi station - The 26 km 762mm gauge line from Entetsu Hamamatsu station on the Enshu Railway Line to Okuyama opened between 1914 and 1923. The 8 km Entetsu Hamamatsu - Hikuma section was electrified at 600 VDC in 1950, the line closing in 1963/4

Description[edit]

  • Track: Single
  • Power: Internal Combustion (Diesel)
  • Railway signalling: Simplified automatic

Stations[edit]

Name Distance
(km)
Connecting lines Location
Kakegawa 掛川 0.0 JR Central: Tōkaidō Shinkansen, Tōkaidō Main Line Kakegawa Shizuoka
Kakegawa-shiyakusho-mae 掛川市役所前 1.3  
Nishi-Kakegawa 西掛川 1.8  
Sakuragi 桜木 4.0  
Ikoinohiroba いこいの広場 5.5  
Hosoya 細谷 6.0  
Haranoya 原谷 7.9  
Harada 原田 9.4  
Towata 戸綿 12.0   Mori
Shūchi District
Enshū-Mori 遠州森 12.8  
Morimachibyōin-mae 森町病院前 13.6  
Enden 円田 14.7  
Tōtōmi-Ichinomiya 遠江一宮 16.4  
Shikiji 敷地 19.9   Iwata
Toyooka 豊岡 23.0  
Kaminobe 上野部 24.4  
Tenryū-Futamata 天竜二俣 26.2   Tenryū-ku
Hamamatsu
Futamata-Hommachi 二俣本町 26.8  
Nishi-Kajima 西鹿島 28.5 Enshū Railway Line
Gansuiji 岩水寺 30.3   Hamakita-ku
Hamamatsu
Miyaguchi 宮口 32.3  
Fruit Park フルーツパーク 36.2   Kita-ku
Hamamatsu
Miyakoda 都田 37.7  
Tokohadaigakumae 常葉大学前 39.1  
Kanasashi 金指 41.9  
Okaji 岡地 43.5  
Kiga 気賀 44.8  
Nishi-Kiga 西気賀 47.7  
Sunza 寸座 49.4  
Hamanako-Sakume 浜名湖佐久米 50.7  
Higashi-Tsuzuki 東都筑 51.9  
Tsuzuki 都筑 53.3  
Mikkabi 三ヶ日 55.6  
Okuhamanako 奥浜名湖 56.8  
Ona 尾奈 58.1  
Chibata 知波田 62.9   Kosai
Ōmori 大森 65.0  
Asumomae アスモ前 66.7  
Shinjohara 新所原 67.7 JR Central: Tōkaidō Main Line

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Train for Slow Life and Slow Food". Public Relations Office, The Government of Japan. July 2019. Retrieved 2021-07-29.

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia

External links[edit]