This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (July 2019)
|Tenryū Hamanako Line|
|Operator(s)||Tenryū Hamanako Railway|
|Line length||67.7 kilometres (42.1 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
The Tenryū Hamanako Line (天竜浜名湖線, Tenryū Hamanako-sen), or Tenhama Line (天浜線, Tenhama-sen) for short, is a Japanese railway line in Shizuoka Prefecture, paralleling the north coast of Lake Hamana between Kakegawa Station in Kakegawa and Shinjohara Station in Kosai. This is the only railway line of Tenryū Hamanako Railroad (天竜浜名湖鉄道, Tenryū Hamanako Tetsudō).
The Japanese National Railways Futamata Line (二俣線, Futamata sen) was built as an alternative route for the Tokaido Main Line and in particular as a backup for the bridge over Lake Hamana, which was considered potentially vulnerable to weather disruption. The Japanese military also supported the project as the new line would be less vulnerable to coastal attack than the existing section of the Tokaido Main Line. Operations began on April 17, 1935, between Kakegawa and Enshū-Mori. Construction work progressed in the opposite direction with the Futamata-Nishi Line (二俣線西, Futamata-Nishi sen) connecting Shinjohara with Mikkabi on December 1, 1936. This line was extended to Kaminobe by April 1, 1938, and the two lines were connected on June 1, 1940.
The line was used as a detour for the Tokaido Main Line following damage to it caused by the Tōnankai earthquake in December 1944 and military actions in July 1945.
Steam locomotives ceased service on the line in 1971, and all scheduled freight services were discontinued from 1984.
Former connecting lines
- Tenryu-Futamata station - Construction started on a 35 km line to Chubu-Tenryu on the Iida Line in 1967. Proposed to involve 20 bridges and 14 tunnels, about 13 km of roadbed, and about 50% of the overall work had been completed when construction was abandoned in 1980.
- Kanasashi station - The 26 km 762mm gauge line from Entetsu Hamamatsu station on the Enshu Railway Line to Okuyama opened between 1914 and 1923. The 8 km Entetsu Hamamatsu - Hikuma section was electrified at 600 VDC in 1950, the line closing in 1963/4
- Track: Single
- Power: Internal Combustion (Diesel)
- Railway signalling: Simplified automatic
- "The Train for Slow Life and Slow Food". Public Relations Office, The Government of Japan. July 2019. Retrieved 2021-07-29.
This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2021)
This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia