Tenth Avenue (Manhattan)
|Other name(s)||Amsterdam Avenue (north of 59th Street)|
|Owner||City of New York|
|Length||10.5 mi (16.9 km)|
|Location||Manhattan, New York City|
|South end||West Street|
|North end||Fort George Avenue|
|East||Ninth Avenue (below 59th St)|
Columbus Avenue (above 59th St)
|West||Eleventh Avenue (below 59th St)|
West End Avenue (above 59th St)
Tenth Avenue, known as Amsterdam Avenue between 59th Street and 193rd Street, is a north-south thoroughfare on the West Side of Manhattan in New York City. It carries uptown (northbound) traffic as far as West 110th Street (also known as Cathedral Parkway), after which it continues as a two-way street.
Tenth Avenue begins a block below Gansevoort Street and Eleventh Avenue in the West Village / Meatpacking District. For the southernmost stretch (the four blocks below 14th Street), Tenth Avenue runs southbound. North of 14th Street, Tenth Avenue runs uptown (northbound) for 45 blocks as a one-way street until its intersection with West 59th Street, where it becomes Amsterdam Avenue but continues without interruption. Amsterdam Avenue continues as a one-way street northbound until Cathedral Parkway, where two-way traffic resumes.
As Amsterdam Avenue, the thoroughfare stretches 129 blocks north – narrowing to one lane in each direction as it passes through Yeshiva University's Wilf Campus, between 184th and 186th Streets – before connecting with Fort George Avenue south of Highbridge Park at West 193rd Street.
On the north side of Highbridge Park, unconnected to Amsterdam Avenue on the south side, Tenth Avenue then runs for slightly less than a mile from the northern terminus of the Harlem River Drive at Dyckman Street, to the intersection of West 218th Street where it merges into Broadway.
Tenth Avenue runs through the Chelsea and Hell's Kitchen neighborhoods on the west side of the borough, and then as Amsterdam Avenue, through the Upper West Side, Harlem and Washington Heights. Much of these areas were working class or poor for much of the 20th century. The street has long been noted for its commercial traffic, and had grade-level railroad lines through the early 20th century. In the 19th century, when the West Side Line ran along the Avenue, "Tenth Avenue Cowboys" were paid to ride a horse and warn people of an approaching street running train."High Line History". Friends of the High Line. Archived from the original on September 22, 2014. Retrieved August 2, 2009.</ref> However, so many accidents occurred between freight trains and other traffic that the nickname "Death Avenue" was given to both Tenth and Eleventh Avenues.
Public debate about the hazard began during the early 1900s. In 1929 the city, the state, and New York Central agreed on the West Side Improvement Project, conceived by Robert Moses.  The 13-mile (21 km) project eliminated 105 street-level railroad crossings and added 32 acres (13 ha) to Riverside Park; it also included construction of the West Side Elevated Highway. It cost more than $150 million (about $2 billion in 2017 dollars.
Amsterdam Avenue's name was intended to recall the Dutch roots of Manhattan's earliest colonization in the 17th century. According to Sanna Feirstein's Naming New York:
What is now Amsterdam Avenue was laid out in the Commissioners' Plan as 10th Avenue and opened from 59th Street to Fort George Avenue in 1816. The name was changed in 1890 in a bid on the part of Upper West Side landowners to confer a measure of old-world cachet to their real estate investments in an area that had yet to catch on. The new avenue name supported the speculators' claim that this section would become "the New City" and a "new, New Amsterdam."
Tenth Avenue and Amsterdam Avenue were converted to carry one-way traffic northbound in two stages. South of its intersection with Broadway the avenue was converted on November 6, 1948. The rest to 110th Street was converted on December 6, 1951. Amsterdam Avenue continues to carry two-way traffic north of 110th Street.
As part of the 7 Subway Extension, the 7 and <7> was extended to 34th Street in 2015. An intermediate stop, Tenth Avenue, was originally planned but it was dropped from the official plans in 2008.
A protected bike lane was installed in 2016 from 72nd Street to 110th Street.
- Cathedral of Saint John the Divine
- Chelsea Market
- The Chitte Building
- City College of New York
- Columbia University
- Empire Diner
- General Theological Seminary
- High Line Park
- Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project
- John Jay College
- LaGuardia High School
- Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
- Manhattan Plaza
- Martin Luther King Jr. Educational Campus
- NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital
- Sherman Square
- St. Luke's–Roosevelt Hospital Center
- Verdi Square
- West-Park Presbyterian Church
- Yeshiva University
The Empire Diner at 22nd Street
The interior of the Holy Name of Jesus Roman Catholic Church at 96th Street
The American Youth Hostels building at 103rd Street
The Cathedral of St. John the Divine at 110th Street
The former NYPD 32nd Precinct building on Amsterdam Avenue at 152nd Street
The Highbridge Play Center at 173rd Street
Zysman Hall of Yeshiva University, at 187th Street
In popular culture
- The Rodgers and Hart play On Your Toes (1936) included the comic dance number "Slaughter on Tenth Avenue", performed by Ray Bolger and Tamara Geva. It was later performed on stage, film and television. It has been performed by the New York City Ballet, and was featured in the film version of On Your Toes, danced by Eddie Albert and Vera Zorina. In the biographical musical Words and Music (1948), a "Slaughter on Tenth Avenue" ballet sequence is performed by Gene Kelly and Vera-Ellen.
- Slaughter on Tenth Avenue is also the name of a 1957 crime film and the debut album of Mick Ronson in 1974.
- In Moscow on the Hudson (1984), Robin Williams's character Vladimir Ivanoff lived on 1320 Amsterdam Avenue.
- In How I Met Your Mother, Ted Mosby is said to have lived near the corner of 75th Street and Amsterdam Avenue.
- In Donald E. Westlake's "Dortmunder" series of crime novels the fictional O.J. Bar and Grill, the gang's favorite meeting place, is located on Amsterdam Avenue.
- In the "Asterisk" episode of the American TV drama Suits, Mike Ross mentions renting an apartment "off 10th Avenue", to which his colleague Rachel Zane replies, "Does it come with a bullet-proof vest?".
- Amsterdam Avenue is mentioned in the Joe Jackson song "Stranger Than You", from the album Night and Day II
- Google (December 1, 2015). "Tenth Avenue / Amsterdam Avenue" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 1, 2015.
- New York City Geographic Information System map
- Amateau, Albert. "Newspaper was there at High Line's birth and now its rebirth". The Villager. 77 (48). Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved August 12, 2011.
- Gray, Christopher (December 22, 2011). "When a Monster Plied the West Side". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 17, 2014. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
The New York World referred to the West Side route as Death Avenue in 1892, long after the Park Avenue problem had been solved, saying 'many had been sacrificed' to 'a monster which has menaced them night and day.'
- Dunlap, David W. (February 18, 2015). "New York City Rail Crossings Carry a Deadly Past". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
- "' Death Ave.' Ends as Last Rusty Rail Goes; Huge West Side Improvement Completed" (PDF). The New York Times. June 26, 1941. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
- "The Highline: past and present". GeoWeb, Harvard University. May 13, 2010. Archived from the original on October 23, 2014. Retrieved October 23, 2014.
- Walsh, Kevin (September 2012). ""High Line"'s Last Frontier". Forgotten NY. Archived from the original on October 24, 2014. Retrieved October 23, 2014.
- "High Line History". Friends of the High Line. Archived from the original on September 22, 2014. Retrieved August 2, 2009.
- Feirstein, Sanna (2001), Naming New York: Manhattan Places & How They Got Their Names, New York: New York University Press, p. 169, ISBN 978-0-8147-2712-6
- Ingraham, Joseph (7 November 1948). "Traffic Speeded on 9th, 10th Aves. By One-way Plan". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- "Ninth and Tenth Avenues Are One Way Permanently". The New York Times. 14 May 1949. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- "Two More Avenues One-way Thursday". The New York Times. 4 December 1951. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- Fitzsimmons, Emma G.; Schweber, Nate (September 14, 2015). "Subway Station for 7 Line Opens on Far West Side". The New York Times. p. A1.
- Chan, Sewell; Bagli, Charles V. (April 2, 2005). "M.T.A. Links Stadium Bid to Rail Extension". The New York Times.
From its current terminus at Times Square, near 41st Street and Eighth Avenue, the No. 7 would travel west along 41st Street, with a new station at 10th Avenue, and then south along 11th Avenue, with a new terminal at 34th Street.
- Neuman, William (October 24, 2007). "It's a Deal: $1.4 Billion to Extend No. 7 Train". The New York Times.
Mr. Saul also criticized the project because it omits a proposed station at 41st Street and 10th Avenue
- Neuman, William (September 19, 2008). "No. 7 Extension Won't Include 10th Ave. Station". The New York Times.
Early plans called for the project to also include a station at 10th Avenue and 41st Street. But as cost estimates rose, the station became expendable in the eyes of the city – and it became increasingly clear, by last fall [of 2007], that financing for the new station was unlikely.
Last fall, the authority signed a $1.14 billion contract with a company to dig the tunnel and excavate the 34th Street station. The contract contained a $450 million option to excavate a cavern for the 10th Avenue station as well. But the authority would have had to agree to the option by last Saturday [September 13, 2008]. The deadline passed with no agreement.
Transit advocates and some public officials have been critical of plans to build the extension without the extra station, saying that it would bypass a growing area in need of subway service.
- Media related to 10th Avenue (Manhattan) at Wikimedia Commons