Tenth Presbyterian Church
|Tenth Presbyterian Church|
|Location||17th & Spruce Streets, Philadelphia, PA|
|Denomination||Presbyterian Church in America|
|Previous denomination||Reformed Presbyterian Church, Evangelical Synod|
|Former name(s)||West Spruce Street Presbyterian Church|
|Architect(s)||John McArthur, Jr.|
Frank Miles Day (1893 alterations)
|Architectural type||Lombard Romanesque|
|Spire height||250 feet (150-foot wooden spire removed from east tower 1912)|
|Minister(s)||Dr. Liam Goligher|
Dr. Enrique Leal (Mercy)
Rev. Carroll Wynne (Families & Care)
Rev. Gavin Lymberopoulos (Outreach)
|Assistant||Jared Cochrum (College)|
Travers Oliver (Outreach)
|Director of music||Colin Howland|
|Session clerk||Dr. George K. McFarland|
|Youth ministry coordinator||Dora Phan|
|Parish administrator||Melissa Frederick|
Tenth Presbyterian Church is a congregation of approximately 1,600 members located in Center City, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. Tenth is affiliated with the Presbyterian Church in America (PCA), a denomination in the Reformed and Calvinist traditions. It is located at the southwest corner of 17th & Spruce Streets in Philadelphia's Rittenhouse Square neighborhood, in the southwestern quadrant of Center City.
The original Tenth Presbyterian Church, founded in 1829 as a congregation part of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, was located on the northeast corner of 12th & Walnut Streets. It established a daughter church in 1855–1856 called the West Spruce Street Presbyterian Church on the southwest corner of 17th & Spruce Streets. The two churches worked together, with the ministers exchanging pulpits each week. Because of membership decline in the original Tenth Church caused by population shifts, the two churches merged in 1893 at the 17th & Spruce Streets location, taking the name of the older church (Tenth Presbyterian Church).
West Spruce Street/Tenth Church was designed by architect John McArthur, Jr., who was a member of the congregation. Its 250-foot (76 m) tower-and-spire was the tallest structure in Philadelphia from 1856 to the erection of the North American Building in 1900. McArthur later designed Philadelphia City Hall. In 1893, architect Frank Miles Day was hired to perform major alterations to the church's exterior and interior decoration. The church's steeple and the 150-foot wooden spire, once the tallest structure in Philadelphia until the new City Hall (designed by McArthur as well) was built in 1901, was weakened due to structural decay of the timber frame, and was removed in 1912 due to fears that it would collapse.
The Philadelphia Presbytery(PC-USA) was the headquarters of conservative Presbyterianism during the fundamentalist-modernist controversy of the 1920s and 1930s, and Tenth Presbyterian was no exception. Under the influence of longtime pastor Donald Barnhouse (1927–1960), The congregation became the conservative Presbyterian church in Center City, and it has remained so until this day. Under James Montgomery Boice (1968–2000), the congregation continued to be a center of conservative Reformed theology. Tenth membership continued to grow after World War II, and ministry efforts to college students gave the congregation a metropolitan focus.
Under Boice's pastorate, Tenth grew from 350 members to a congregation over 1,200.
In 1979, following a denominational ruling by the United Presbyterian Church in the United States of America requiring congregations to elect both men and women to the office in ruling elder, Tenth Presbyterian left the UPCUSA in 1980, joining the more conservative Reformed Presbyterian Church, Evangelical Synod. Three years afterward, Tenth followed the RPCES into the Presbyterian Church in America.
After a lengthy property battle the congregation was allowed to leave the UPCUSA while keeping its Byzantine style property. Tenth Presbyterian remains the "big-steeple" PCA congregation in the northeast United States. The church sponsors an extensive global missions program, an outreach to the neighborhood includes a strong connection to the rising generation of doctors attending the medical schools in the neighborhood.
Some notable staff members of the church from its founding include:
- Thomas McAuley, D.D., LL.D. Senior Pastor. 1829–1833
- Henry Augustus Boardman, D.D. Senior Pastor. 1833–1876
- Marcus A. Brownson, D.D. Senior Pastor. 1897–1924
- Donald Grey Barnhouse, Th.D., D.D. Senior Pastor. 1927–1960
- Mariano Di Gangi, D.D. Senior Pastor. 1961–1967
- James Montgomery Boice, Th.D., D.D. Senior Minister. 1968–2000
- Philip G. Ryken, Ph.D. Senior Minister. 1995–2010, now president of Wheaton College
- Liam Goligher, D.Min. May 22, 2011 – Present
Notable members have included C. Everett Koop, Surgeon General of the United States during the Reagan administration and one-time head of Pediatrics at the University of Pennsylvania and Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.
- Three Sunday services with approximately 1,400 people in weekly attendance
- ACTS Ministries: mercy ministries to the poor and homeless near Tenth Church
- Tenth College Fellowship is a group for college students, helping them to be connected in the church and to grow spiritually during their college years.
- Maranatha is the youth group for students in grades 7–12, begun in 1984 and still continuing to meet weekly on Sunday nights and sponsor other events throughout the year.
- Tenth Church Preschool provides high-quality preschool education, nurturing children through music, literature, learning and play while fostering community for parents.
- Medical Campus Outreach is a ministry to medical and other health professional students on medical campuses in and around Philadelphia.
- Small group Bible studies meet weekly in host homes across the city of Philadelphia and throughout the suburbs in Pennsylvania and New Jersey
- Various other discipleship groups, support groups, and prayer groups meet regularly in the church facilities and elsewhere
- "About - Tenth Presbyterian Church". Retrieved 14 April 2017.
- "About Tenth". tenth.org. Tenth Presbyterian Church. 2007-02-02. Retrieved 2008-10-14.
- "The Reformed Church in America". Retrieved 14 April 2017.
- "Medical Campus Outreach - Tenth Presbyterian Church". Retrieved 14 April 2017.
- "Archives - Philly.com". Retrieved 14 April 2017.
- D.G. Hart and John Meuther Seeking a Better Country: Three Hundred Years of American Presbyterianism (P&R Publishing, 2007) pgs. 239 & 240
- "Tenth Presbyterian Church". Retrieved 14 April 2017.
Park Street Church
| Tallest towers in the United States outside of New York City
United States Capitol
| Tallest building in Pennsylvania
76 metres (249 ft)
North American Building
| Tallest building in Philadelphia
76 metres (249 ft)
North American Building