Tenth constituency for French residents overseas
French National Assembly
|Department||none (overseas residents)|
The Tenth constituency for French residents overseas (dixième circonscription des Français établis hors de France) is one of eleven constituencies each electing one representative of French citizens overseas to the French National Assembly.
In terms of area, it is one of the largest of the eleven constituencies, although the number of registered French citizens it contains is equivalent to that of the other constituencies. It covers all French citizens living in the following forty-eight countries of Central, Eastern and Southern Africa, and of the Middle East: Angola, Bahrain, Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Oman, Qatar, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Tanzania, Togo, United Arab Emirates, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. It does not include the overseas departments of Mayotte and Réunion, which are part of France and have their own constituencies.
As of New Year's Day 2011, the Tenth constituency contained 140,310 registered French voters - of which 19,725 in Lebanon and 19,930 in Madagascar, the two countries in the region with the greatest number of registered French residents.
This constituency elected its first ever representative at the 2012 French legislative election.
The Left Front chose Axelle Brémont-Bellini, a student of Egyptology and Anthropology in Cairo. She was a member of the French Communist Youth Movement, and fluent speaker of Arabic. Regarding the specifics of the constituency, she advocated the teaching of local languages in French expatriate schools, and "a transparent foreign policy respectful of the values of the Republic, with an end to Françafrique, and for a socially and environmentally sustainable development". Her deputy (suppléant) was Daniel Feurtet.
The centre-right Radical Party and the centrist Republican, Ecologist and Social Alliance jointly chose François Kahn as their candidate. He ran several companies which provide medical equipment for hospitals and clinics in Africa and the Middle East. His deputy was Ali Liaquat.
Guy Makki, a member of the Union for a Popular Movement who did not obtain the endorsement of the party, stood as an independent. A resident of Dubai, he worked for BNP Paribas. His deputy was Marie Ferlay.
Patricia Elias Smida, a lawyer who lived and worked in both Lebanon and Gabon, stood as an independent candidate. She was a dissident member of the UMP. Her deputy was Xavier du Bourg de la Tour.
François Bridon, who was of French and Cameroonian descent and worked as a farmer in Cameroon, stood as an independent candidate. He had also lived in Gabon and Côte d'Ivoire. His deputy was Nina Tamic.
Jean-Pierre Pont, a journalist, was another independent candidate. His deputy was Mirna Khalifé.
The other independent candidates were: Bertrand Langlade (with Roger Teuron as deputy); Louis Perriere (with Jean-Marie Pierret); José Garson (with Bernard Boumba); Boudjema Naidji (with Malika Naidji); Adeline Kargue (with Andréas Loebell); and Habib Abi Yaghi Deguy (with Nadine Honeika).
As in the other expatriate constituencies, turnout in the first round was low. Only in Botswana did over half (55.9%) of registered French citizens vote. Turnout was also comparatively high in Burundi (43.9%), Rwanda (42.7%) and Oman (42.1%). By contrast, turnout was a staggeringly low 0.6% in Syria, where only 9 people voted, out of the 1,542 French residents registered there in late 2010. Syria at the time of the election was undergoing violent internal conflict, and it is likely that many French residents had left the country. In Yemen, which had just experienced a revolution, turnout was also very low (9.1%), suggesting that some French residents had left the country prior to the election. Turnout was also notably low in the Comoros (6.7%), Egypt, where there had been a revolution in 2011 (18.3%), and South Africa (18.8%). In newly established South Sudan, where a polling station was set up in Juba, eight of the twenty-two registered French citizens voted (36.4%).
This is one of only three expatriate constituencies in which the main candidate of the right finished first in the first round. Independent right-wing candidate Patricia Elias Smida also did well, obtaining more than 10% of the vote and finishing third.
|UMP win (new seat)|
|DVD||Patricia Elias Smida||2,250||10.71||-|
|Independent||Habib Abi Yaghi Deguy||198||0.94||-|
|Independent||Marcel Misslin de Robillard||155||0.74||-|
- "Les élections en 2012 à l’étranger: Votre circonscription pour l’élection des députés", French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs
- "Décret n° 2011-367 du 4 avril 2011 authentifiant la population des Français établis hors de France au 1er janvier 2011", Légifrance
- "Français inscrits au registre mondial au 31/12/2010", French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs
- "Arrêté du 14 mai 2012 fixant la liste des candidats au premier tour de l'élection des députés élus par les Français établis hors de France ", Journal Officiel de la République Française, 15 May 2012
- "10ème circonscription : Moyen-Orient / Afrique de l’Est", Le Petit Journal
- "Elections législatives 2012 : nos candidates et candidats", Parti Socialiste - Fédération des Français à l'Etranger
- "Législatives : l'UMP a désigné ses candidats pour l'étranger", Le Figaro, April 13, 2011
- "Alain Marsaud en déplacement au Qatar et aux Emirats Arabes Unis", Alain Marsaud's official website, 28 November 2011
- "Présentation de Axelle Brémont-Bellini", Le Petit Journal
- "Motion 13: Législatives 2012: Hors de France", Europe Écologie–The Greens
- "Les 11 candidat-e-s EELV sur les circonscriptions législatives hors de France", EELV, 12 November 2011
- "Présentation de François Kahn", Le Petit Journal
- "Guy Makki : de l’UMP à la candidature indépendante", L'Orient-Le Jour, 22 November 2011
- "Présentation de Patricia Elias Smida", Le Petit Journal
- "Législatives : tous les résultats des Français de l'étranger", Le Nouvel Observateur, 4 June 2012
- "Présentation de Marcel Misslin de Robillard", Le Petit Journal
- "Présentation de François Bridon", Le Petit Journal
- "Présentation de Jean-Pierre Pont", Le Petit Journal
- Official results of the first round, French Ministry for Foreign Affairs