The Tenther movement is a political ideology and a social movement in the United States that espouses that the Federal Government's enumerated powers must be read very narrowly to exclude much of what the Federal Government already does, citing the Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution in support of this.
Despite the movement's assertions, however, the Tenth Amendment does not require a narrow interpretation of the enumerated powers; it merely requires that they are not overstepped. The Supreme Court has affirmed this view in United States v Darby Lumber, in which it was stated that the Tenth Amendment "states but a truism that all is retained which has not been surrendered".
Tenthers oppose a broad range of federal government programs, including the War on Drugs, federal surveillance, and other limitations on privacy and civil and economic liberties, plus numerous New Deal legislation to Great Society legislation, such as Medicaid, Medicare, the VA health system and the G.I. Bill.
Comparison with other movements
The Tenther movement is distinct from libertarianism, although the two often have similar positions. Whereas libertarians oppose programs such as the War on Drugs on ideological grounds, seeing them as unjustified government intrusion into lives of its citizens, tenthers hold that such programs may be perfectly acceptable but only when implemented by individual states.
Tenthers argue for the recognition of limited sovereignty of the States. Opponents use the term in order to draw parallels between adherents and 19th century states' rights secessionists, as well as the movement to resist Federal Civil Rights legislation. Tentherism was one of the justifications used by pro-slavery advocate John Calhoun before the Civil War.
Joni Ernst, a Republican member of the Iowa Senate, said in a September 2013 forum held by the Iowa Faith & Freedom Coalition, that Congress shouldn't bother to pass laws "that the states would consider nullifying”, referring to what she describes as "200-plus years of federal legislators going against the Tenth Amendment's states' rights." Ernst's statements were criticized in an article published by the UPI on the grounds that they were based upon a misunderstanding of Tenth Amendment case law.
In an blog post for Reason magazine, journalist Radley Balko objected to the name "Tenther" as it originated as a pejorative used by those opposed to the movement's ideas, in an attempt to reference and draw parallels to conspiratorial movements such as Birthers and Truthers.
- Ian Millhiser, "‘Tenther’ Activists Add The Federal Highway System To List Of Programs To Kill" Thinkprogress.org, August 27, 2009 http://thinkprogress.org/2009/08/27/tenther-highway/
- "About the Tenth Amendment Center" http://www.tenthamendmentcenter.com/about/
- Ian Millhiser, "Rally 'Round the "True Constitution": Convinced that the 10th Amendment of the Constitution prohibits spending programs and regulations? Conservatives have a movement for you." "The American Prospect" August 25, 2009 http://prospect.org/cs/articles?article=rally_round_the_true_constitution
- Levy, Gabrielle (28 July 2014). "Iowa GOP nominee says states can nullify federal laws". UPI. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- Radley Balko, "The 'Tenther' Smear" Reason.com, September 22, 2009 http://www.reason.com/blog/show/136201.html