Teodor of Vršac

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Saint
Teodor
Bishop
Bishop of Vršac (Eparchy of Banat)
Church Serbian Orthodox Church
See Eparchy of Banat
Term ended 1594
Predecessor ?
Successor ?
Orders
Ordination Patriarch Manuel I of Constantinople
Personal details
Birth name Teodor Nestorović
Died 1594
Nationality Serb (Rum Millet)
Denomination Orthodox Christian
Sainthood
Feast day May 29 [O.S. May 16]
Venerated in Serbian Orthodox Church
Canonized by Serbian Orthodox Church
Attributes leader of the Banat Uprising, protector of the poor, writer

Teodor (Serbian Cyrillic: Теодор[a]; fl. 1594) was the Serbian Orthodox Bishop of Vršac (епископ вршачки), who in 1594 was the leader of the Banat Uprising against Ottoman occupation amidst the Long War (1593-1606). After talks with Sigismund Báthory, Teodor organizes the revolt with Sava Ban and voivode Velja Mironić. The revolt saw the liberation of the villages of Banat, with Vršac. The Serb rebels used icon depictions of Saint Sava as war flags, as it would strengthen them in battle. Sinan Pasha of Temeşvar Eyalet captured Teodor, and had him flayed and burned to death, alive. The same year, as a response to the uprising, Saint Sava's remains were burnt at the Vračar hill on the order of Sinan Pasha, who fought the rebels. Teodor was proclaimed a saint (as "Свети свештеномученик Теодор, епископ вршачки", Saint Hieromartyr Theodore, Bishop of Vršac) of the Serbian Orthodox Church, canonized on May 29, 1994, with his feast on May 16 (Julian), or May 29 (Gregorian).

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In Hungarian, he was called with the surname Tivodorović.[1] This surname is variously written in historiography as Tivodorović (Тиводоровић),[2] Teodorović (Теодоровић),[3] Tiodorović (Тиодоровић),[4] while according to others his real surname was Nestorović (Несторовић).[5][6] He is commonly known as vladika Teodor (владика Теодор) or episkop Teodor (епископ Теодор), "bishop Teodor".

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kolundžija 2008, p. 394.
  2. ^ Samardžić et al. 1993, pp. 245–246.
  3. ^ Sava, Bishop of Šumadija 1996, pp. 485–486
  4. ^ Krestić 2003, p. 176.
  5. ^ Nebojša Damnjanović; Vladimir Merenik (2004). The first Serbian uprising and the restoration of the Serbian state. Historical Museum of Serbia, Gallery of the Serbian Academy of Science and Arts. pp. 13, 20. 
  6. ^ Ljubivoje Cerović; Ljubomir Stepanov (2000). Srbi u Rumuniji. Savez Srba u Rumuniji. p. 58. 

Sources[edit]