|Prime Minister of Romania|
16 October 1991 – 18 November 1992
|Preceded by||Petre Roman|
|Succeeded by||Nicolae Văcăroiu|
|EMP for Romania|
|Born||24 October 1943|
|Political party||Democratic Liberal Party (2008–2014)|
|National Liberal Party (Before 2006; 2014–present)|
Liberal Democratic Party (2006–2008)
Theodor Dumitru Stolojan (Romanian pronunciation: [teˈodor stoloˈʒan]; born 24 October 1943) is a Romanian politician who was Prime Minister of Romania from September 1991 to November 1992. An economist by training, he is a leader of the Democratic-Liberal Party. He was currently a Member of the European Parliament for Romania, representing the Democratic Liberal Party (EPP-ED).
During the rule of Nicolae Ceauşescu he worked at the Ministry of Finances between 1972 and 1977 as an economist in the State Budget Department, then between 1978 and 1982 as Chief of Accountancy of State Budget and then as deputy director of the Department for Foreign Exchange and International Financial Relations until the Romanian Revolution. He was the Prime minister of Romania from September 1991 to November 1992, then worked for the World Bank and for a Romanian private company.
In 1992, the Stolojan government began an austerity plan, limiting wages and further liberalising prices. The economic situation deteriorated and inflation as well as Unemployment increased substantially.
In 2000 he re-entered politics as a member of the National Liberal Party (PNL); he ran for the presidency of Romania in the November 2000 elections, but came in third, behind Ion Iliescu and Corneliu Vadim Tudor. He was named president of the PNL in August 2002.
In 2003 his party approached the Democratic Party leader Traian Băsescu, at that time the mayor of Bucharest, and initiated an alliance named "D.A. - Dreptate şi Adevăr" (Justice and Truth). In February 2004, he was chosen as the alliance's candidate in the Romanian presidential election of November 2004.
On 2 October 2004, Stolojan surprisingly stepped down from the leadership of the PNL and also withdrew from the presidential race. He cited serious health problems as a reason for his decision. Stolojan became a senior advisor to Băsescu after the latter was inaugurated as President on 20 December 2004.
On 10 October 2006, Stolojan was expelled from the PNL, and in December he formed a new party, the Liberal Democrats (PLD), whose president he was elected at the first PLD congress on 31 March 2007. In January 2008, the PLD merged with the Democratic Party to form the Democratic Liberal Party (PDL), of which Stolojan was then a member.
The PDL won the most seats in the 2008 election, and on 10 December 2008, Stolojan was designated prime minister of Romania by President Traian Băsescu. Five days later, he withdrew his acceptance, saying he was stepping down in favour of a younger candidate; Emil Boc was then selected.
He and his wife Elena have a son, Vlad Stolojan, and a daughter, Ada Palea.
|Election||Affiliation||First round||Second round|
- (in Romanian) Văcăroiu, un funcţionar de la Comitetul Planificării comuniste, schimbă destinul României (Văcăroiu, A Clerk of the Communist Committee of State Planning, Changes the Destiny of Romania Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine, in Evenimentul Zilei, April 20, 2007
- "Debt Halved, Romania Says", November 26, 1986, New York Times
- Roper, p. 93.
- "Stolojan a fost exclus din PNL Archived 2007-08-12 at the Wayback Machine", Ziua, 11 October 2006.
| Prime Minister of Romania
|Party political offices|
| President of the National Liberal Party
|New creation|| President of the Liberal Democratic Party