Teojomulco Chatino

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Teojomulco Chatino
Native toMexico
Extinctearly 20th century
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)

Teojomulco Chatino is an extinct Oto-Manguean language, the most divergent of the Chatino languages, formerly spoken in the town of Teojomulco. Belmar (1902) has the only extant data on the language, a wordlist of 228 words and phrases.[1] It is possible that the speakers who supplied the wordlist were the last speakers of the language, since there were no speakers left by the middle of the 20th century.[2]


The following phonemes are based on reconstructions from available data and comparisons with related languages.


Current reconstructions of Teojomulco Chatino show it had 5 vowels: /a, e, i, o, u/.[2]


Reconstructions show that Teojomulco Chatino had 15 consonants.[2]

Bilabial Alveolar Palato-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
plain palatalized plain labialized
Stop p t k ʔ
Affricate t͡ʃ
Fricative s ʃ h
Nasal m n
Approximant l j w

Teojomulco Chatino has 7 allophones. /t͡s/ is a post-tonic allophone of /s/, and /kʲ/ is an allophone of /k/ in palatalized environments. /gʲ/ occurs in environments that trigger both palatalization and voicing.[2]


  1. ^ Belmar, Francisco (1902). Investigaciones sobre la lengua chatina. Oaxaca: Imprenta del Comercio. hdl:2027/wu.89012296133.
  2. ^ a b c d Sullivant, J. Ryan (October 2016). "Reintroducing Teojomulco Chatino". International Journal of American Linguistics. 82 (4): 393–423. doi:10.1086/688318. ISSN 0020-7071. S2CID 151822311.