Teojomulco Chatino

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Teojomulco Chatino
Native toMexico
RegionOaxaca
Extinctearly 20th century
Oto-Manguean
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)
Glottologteoj1234[1]

Teojomulco Chatino is an extinct Oto-Manguean language, the most divergent of the Chatino languages, formerly spoken in the town of Teojomulco. Belmar (1902) has the only extant data on the language, a wordlist of 228 words and phrases.[2] It is possible that the speakers who supplied the wordlist were the last speakers of the language, since there were no speakers left by the middle of the 20th century.[3]

Phonology[edit]

The following phonemes are based on reconstructions from available data and comparisons with related languages.

Vowels[edit]

Current reconstructions of Teojomulco Chatino show it had 5 vowels: /a, e, i, o, u/.[3]

Consonants[edit]

Reconstructions show that Teojomulco Chatino had 15 consonants.[3]

Bilabial Alveolar Palato-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
plain palatalized plain labialized
Stop p t k ʔ
Affricate t͡ʃ
Fricative s ʃ h
Nasal m n
Approximant l j w

Teojomulco Chatino has 7 allophones. /t͡s/ is a post-tonic allophone of /s/, and /kʲ/ is an allophone of /k/ in palatalized environments. /gʲ/ occurs in environments that trigger both palatalization and voicing.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Teojomulco Chatino". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Belmar, Francisco (1902). Investigaciones sobre la lengua chatina. Oaxaca: Imprenta del Comercio. hdl:2027/wu.89012296133.
  3. ^ a b c d Sullivant, J. Ryan (October 2016). "Reintroducing Teojomulco Chatino". International Journal of American Linguistics. 82 (4): 393–423. doi:10.1086/688318. ISSN 0020-7071.