|Place of origin||Mexico|
|Main ingredients||pineapple, piloncillo|
|Variations||added beer and cinnamon|
Tepache is a fermented beverage made from the peel and the rind of pineapples, and is sweetened either with piloncillo or brown sugar, seasoned with powdered cinnamon, and served cold. Though tepache is fermented for several days, the resulting drink does not contain much alcohol. In Mexican culinary practice, the alcoholic content of tepache may be increased with a small amount of beer.
In Mexico, tepache is usually sold as a chilled drink by street vendors. It is usually stored in barrels to make the fermentation process faster. It is served either in a clay mug or in a clear plastic bag with a straw inserted for easier travel. In the U.S., it is sold in juice bars or traditional Mexican restaurants in the Mexican American communities of the Southwestern United States. The fermentation process for making tepache is simple and quick, which makes tepache a drink readily produced at home.
Tepache dates from Pre-Columbian Mexico, as a popular drink among the Nahua people of central Mexico; in the Nahuatl (also known as Aztec) language, the word tepiātl means "drink made from corn". Originally, corn (maize) was the base of tepache, but the contemporary recipe for tepache uses pineapple rinds as the foodstuff fermented to produce the tart drink that is tepache. Some varieties of tepache, known as tepache de tibicos, are fermented using symbiotic cultures of tibicos.
Because of the popularity of tepache in Mexico, the drink is now being produced commercially as a non-alcoholic drink. There are a few different brands of tepache including Tepache from the Frumex Corporation. The original Frumex Tepache contained 12% juice and was made from fermented skins and pulp along with some sugar, spices, and barley. That version was replaced with a newer version that contained only 10% juice and no barley. That one was made from only fermented pineapple juice, no skins or pulp. The latest version, now rebranded as Tepachito, still contains only 10% juice but it is made from fermented juice and skin, no barley. It does include white and brown sugar and spices.
In popular culture
The drink tepache is mentioned in the popular Spanish-language quebradita song "La Niña Fresa" ("The Spoiled Girl"), by Banda Zeta, in which the spoiled-girl character is offered several types of drink—including tepache—yet she refuses them all, for being beneath her social status. The drink tepache is also mentioned in Cornelia Reynas song "botellitas" where he is singing about different bottles of alcohol.
- Indigenous cuisine
- Chicha de piña
- Kvass, another lightly-fermented drink low in alcohol
- Ligenza, Alicja; Jakubczyk, Karolina Patrycja; Kochman, Joanna; Janda, Katarzyna (2021-09-27). "Health-promoting potential and microbial composition of fermented drink tepache". Medycyna Ogólna i Nauki o Zdrowiu (in Polish). 27 (3): 272–276. doi:10.26444/monz/138713. ISSN 2083-4543.
- Velázquez‐Quiñones, Sahian Enitze; Moreno‐Jiménez, Martha Rocío; Gallegos‐Infante, José Alberto; González‐Laredo, Rubén Francisco; Álvarez, Saúl Alberto; Rosales‐Villarreal, Mayra Cristina; Cervantes‐Cardoza, Verónica; Rocha‐Guzmán, Nuria Elizabeth (2021). "Apple Tepache fermented with tibicos: Changes in chemical profiles, antioxidant activity and inhibition of digestive enzymes". Journal of Food Processing and Preservation. 45 (7). doi:10.1111/jfpp.15597. S2CID 235567051.
- "La Chica Fresa Lyrics". Archived from the original on 2014-01-04. Retrieved 2014-03-12.