Tepeyac or the Hill of Tepeyac, historically known by the names "Tepeyacac" and "Tepeaquilla", is located inside Gustavo A. Madero, the northernmost delegación or borough of the Mexican Federal District. According to the Catholic tradition, it is the site where Saint Juan Diego met the Virgin of Guadalupe in December of 1531, and received the iconic image of the Lady of Guadalupe. The Basilica of Guadalupe located there is one of the most visited Catholic shrines in the world.
Tepeyac is believed to have been a Pre-Columbian worship site for the indigenous mother goddess Tonantzin. Spanish colonists erected a Catholic chapel at the site, Our Lady of Guadalupe, "the place of many miracles".:363
In Nahuatl, Tepeyacac is a proper noun, a combination of tepetl ("mountain"), yacatl ("nose"), and the relational word -c, ("at"). According to scholars of the language of Nahuatl, "The term would generally be expected to mean a settlement on the ridge or brow of a hill. Since yacatl (the nose going first) often implies antecedence, here the word may refer to the fact that the hill is the first and most prominent of a series of three."
- Diaz, B., 1963, The Conquest of New Spain, London: Penguin Books, ISBN 0140441239
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