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Tepoztēcatl, described in the Codex Borgia

In Aztec mythology, Tepoztēcatl [teposˈteːkat͡ɬ] (from tepoztli "workable metal" [teˈpost͡ɬi] and tēcatl "person" [ˈteːkat͡ɬ] ) or Tēzcatzontēcatl [teːskat͡sonˈteːkat͡ɬ] (from tēzcatl [teːskat͡ɬ] "mirror", tzontli "four hundred" [ˈt͡sont͡ɬi] and tēcatl "person" [ˈteːkat͡ɬ]) was the god of pulque, of drunkenness and fertility. The deity was also known by his calendrical name, Ometochtli ("two-rabbit").[1] He is a consort of Mayahuel, who is a mask-avatar of Xōchiquetzal.

According to Aztec myth, Tepoztēcatl was one of the Centzon Tōtōchtin,[2] the four hundred children of Mayahuel, the goddess of the maguey plant, and Patecatl, the god that discovered the fermentation process.[1] As a deity of pulque, Tepoztēcatl was associated with fertility cults and Tlāloc.[1] Tepoztēcatl was also associated with the wind, hence deriving an alternative name of Ehecacone, son of the wind.[1]

Tepoztēcatl appears in the Mendoza Codex carrying a copper axe.[1]

El Tepozteco, in the Mexican state of Morelos, is an archaeological site named after the deity. The site was a sacred place for pilgrims from as far as Chiapas and Guatemala.[1] This site has a small pyramid built on a platform, with a combined height of 9.5 metres (31 ft), located on a mountain overlooking the town of Tepoztlán.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g Canto Aguilar 1998
  2. ^ Fernández 1992, 1996, p.146. Centzon Tōtōchtin means 'the four hundred rabbits'. In this context, four hundred should be understood as uncountable or innumerable.


  • Canto Aguilar, Giselle (1998). El Tepozteco, Morelos (Miniguía) (in Spanish). Mexico: Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia.
  • Fernández, Adela (1996) [1992]. Dioses Prehispánicos de México (in Spanish). Mexico City: Panorama Editorial. ISBN 968-38-0306-7. OCLC 59601185.

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