Tequiraca language

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Tequiraca
Aiwa, Aewa
Abishira
RegionPeru
Extinctca. mid-20th century
Language codes
ISO 639-3ash
Glottologabis1238[1]

Tequiraca (Tekiráka), also known as Abishira (Avishiri)* and Aiwa (Aewa), is a language spoken in Peru. In 1925 there were between 50 and 80 speakers in Puerto Elvira on Lake Vacacocha (connected with the Napo River). It is presumed extinct some time in the mid 20th century, though in 2008 two rememberers were found and 160 words and short sentences were recorded.[2]

The little data available show it to not be closely related to other languages, though a distant connection to Canichana was proposed by Kaufman (1994).

*Other spellings are Auishiri, Agouisiri, Avirxiri, Abiquira, Abigira; it has also been called Ixignor and Vacacocha.

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Bilabial Dental/Alveolar Palatal/Postalveolar Velar Uvular
Nasal m n ñ ŋ
Plosive Voiceless p t k q
Aspirated
Ejective p' t' k' q'
Affricate č
Fricative s x
Approximant Central v j w
Lateral l ʎ
Sonorant
Rhotic r

A single apostrophe ['] indicates glottalization of the corresponding consonant

A double apostrophe [''] indicates aspiration

Vowels[edit]

A I U O E
short /a/ /i/ /u/ /o/ /ɛ/, /e/
long /aː/ /i:/ /u:/ /o:/ /ɛː/, /eː/

[:] is the verbalizer

Glides
/y/
/w/

[3]

Sources[edit]

  • Harald Hammarström, 2010, 'The status of the least documented language families in the world'. In Language Documentation & Conservation, v 4, p 183 [1]
  • Alain Fabre, 2005, Diccionario etnolingüístico y guía bibliográfica de los pueblos indígenas sudamericanos: AWSHIRI[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Abishira". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ "Cabeceras Aid Project Winter 2010 Update". Retrieved 14 April 2013.
  3. ^ Cole, Peter; Hermon, Gabriella; Martin, Mario Daniel (1994). Language in the Andes. United States of America: Latin American Studies. pp. 301–317.