10 November 1945 |
Kensington, Liverpool, Lancashire, England
|Occupation||Screenwriter, film director|
Terence Davies (born 10 November 1945) is an English screenwriter, film director, novelist and actor.
Davies was born in Kensington, Liverpool, Lancashire, to working class Catholic parents, the youngest child in a family of ten children. Though raised Catholic by his deeply religious mother, he later rejected religion and considers himself an atheist.
After leaving school at sixteen, he worked for ten years as a shipping office clerk and as an unqualified accountant, before leaving Liverpool to attend Coventry Drama School. While there, he wrote the screenplay for what became his first autobiographical short, Children (1976), filmed under the auspices of the BFI Production Board. After this introduction to film-making, Davies went to the National Film School, completing Madonna and Child (1980), a continuation of the story of Davies' alter ego, Robert Tucker, covering his years as a clerk in Liverpool. Three years later, he completed the trilogy with Death and Transfiguration (1983), in which he hypothesizes the circumstances of his death. These works went on to be screened together at film festivals throughout Europe and the US as The Terence Davies Trilogy, winning numerous awards. Davies, who is gay, frequently explores gay themes in his films.
Due to funding difficulties and his refusal to compromise, Davies' output has been comparatively sporadic, with only seven feature films released to date.
Davies' first two features, Distant Voices, Still Lives and The Long Day Closes, are very autobiographical films set in 1940s and '50s Liverpool, and they are his most celebrated works. In reviewing Distant Voices, Still Lives when it was first released, Jonathan Rosenbaum wrote that "years from now when practically all the other new movies currently playing are long forgotten, it will be remembered and treasured as one of the greatest of all English films." In 2002, critics polled for Sight & Sound ranked Distant Voices, Still Lives as the ninth best film of the previous 25 years. Jean-Luc Godard, often dismissive of British cinema in general, singled out Distant Voices, Still Lives as a major exception, calling it "magnificent." The Long Day Closes was also praised by J. Hoberman as "Davies' most autobiographical and fully achieved work."
Davies' next two features, The Neon Bible and The House of Mirth, were adaptations of novels by John Kennedy Toole and Edith Wharton, respectively. The House of Mirth in particular was widely acclaimed, with Film Comment naming it one of the 10 best films of 2000. Gillian Anderson would also win Best Performance in the Second Annual Village Voice Film Critics' Poll, and the film was named the third best film of 2000 in the same poll.
Soon after completing The House of Mirth, Davies intended fifth feature was Sunset Song, an adaptation of the novel by Lewis Grassic Gibbon. Financing proved difficult as Scottish and international backers left the project after the BBC, Channel 4, and the UK Film Council each rejected proposals for final funds. Davies apparently considered Kirsten Dunst for the lead role before the project was postponed.
In the interim, Davies produced two works for radio, A Walk to the Paradise Garden, an original radio play broadcast on BBC Radio 3 in 2001, and a two-part radio adaptation of Virginia Woolf's The Waves, broadcast on BBC Radio 4 in September 2007.
The long interval between films ended with his first documentary Of Time and the City, which was premiered out of competition at the 2008 Cannes Film Festival. The work uses vintage newsreel footage, contemporary popular music and a narration by Davies himself as a bittersweet paean to his hometown of Liverpool. It received positive reviews on its premiere.
The Deep Blue Sea, based on the play by Terence Rattigan, which was commissioned by the Rattigan Trust. The film was also met with widespread acclaim, with Rachel Weisz winning the New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress and topping the Village Voice Film Critics' Poll for best lead female performance as well.
- Children (1976 – short)
- Madonna and Child (1980 – short)
- Death and Transfiguration (1983 – short)
- The Terence Davies Trilogy (1984 – collects the above three)
- Distant Voices, Still Lives (1988)
- The Long Day Closes (1992)
- The Neon Bible (1995)
- The House of Mirth (2000)
- Of Time and the City (2008)
- The Deep Blue Sea (2011)
- Sunset Song (2015)
- A Quiet Passion (2016)
Awards and nominations
- 1988 FIPRESCI Prize of the Cannes Film Festival: Distant Voices, Still Lives
- 1988 Golden Leopard of the Locarno International Film Festival: Distant Voices, Still Lives
- 1988 International Critics' Award of the Toronto International Film Festival: Distant Voices, Still Lives
- 1989 London Film Critics Circle Award for Film of the Year: Distant Voices, Still Lives
- 1989 London Film Critics Circle Award for Director of the Year: Distant Voices, Still Lives
- 1989 Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Foreign Language Film: Distant Voices, Still Lives
- 1990 Belgian Film Critics Association Grand Prix: Distant Voices, Still Lives
- 1990 Amanda Award for Best International Film: Distant Voices, Still Lives
- 1992 Evening Standard British Film Award for Best Screenplay: The Long Day Closes
- 2007 British Film Institute Fellowship
- 2009 New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Non-Fiction Film: Of Time and the City
- 2009 Australian Film Critics Association Award for Best Documentary: Of Time and the City
- 2012 Maverick Spirit Award of the Cinequest Film Festival
- 1988 European Film Award for Best Film: Distant Voices, Still Lives
- 1988 European Film Award for Best Director: Distant Voices, Still Lives
- 2000 USC Scripter Award: The House of Mirth
- 2000 Satellite Award for Best Adapted Screenplay: The House of Mirth
- 2000 London Film Critics Circle Award for British Director of the Year: The House of Mirth
- 2000 New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Director: The House of Mirth
- 2000 BIFA Award for Best British Independent Film: The House of Mirth
- 2001 BAFTA Alexander Korda Award for Best British Film: The House of Mirth
- 2008 London Film Critics Circle Award for British Director of the Year: Of Time and the City
- 2008 Best Film Award of The Culture Show: Of Time and the City
- 2011 Best Film Award of the BFI London Film Festival: The Deep Blue Sea
- Debrett's People of Today – Terence Davies Esq.
- Ellis, Jim (11 November 2004). "Davies, Terence". An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Culture. Retrieved 7 August 2007.
- Intensive Care, the autobiographical radio feature that Davies wrote and narrated for BBC Radio 3 (broadcast 17 April 2010)
- Hattenstone, Simon (20 October 2006). "Bigmouth strikes again". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 8 August 2007.
- Rosenbaum, Jonathan (18 August 1989). "Distant Voices, Still Lives". Chicago: Chicago Reader. Retrieved 26 January 2013.
- James, Nick (2002). "Modern Times". London: BFI's Sight & Sound. Retrieved 26 January 2013.
- Hoberman, Jim (23 March 2012). "The Inner Light of Terence Davies". New York: NYRblog. Retrieved 26 January 2013.
- "Village Voice Critics Poll". New York: The Village Voice. 2000. Retrieved 26 January 2013.
- Ide, Wendy (20 May 2008). "Of Time and the City". London: Times.co.uk. Retrieved 20 May 2008.
- Scott, A.O. (22 March 2012). "The Deep Blue Sea". New York: NYTimes. Retrieved 26 January 2013.
- Jeffries, Stuart (23 November 2011). "Terence Davies: follow your hormones". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 15 December 2011.
- The Guardian
- The Hollywood Reporter
- Official website
- Terence Davies entry in film director database They Shoot Pictures, Don't They?
- Terence Davies biography and filmography at the British Film Institute's Screenonline
- Terence Davies at the Internet Movie Database
- Article on the collapse of "Sunset Song" project from timesonline.co.uk
- Terence Davies at Virtual History