Terence Lewin

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The Lord Lewin
Tlewin.jpg
Admiral Sir Terence Lewin
Born (1920-11-19)19 November 1920
Dover, Kent, England
Died 23 January 1999(1999-01-23) (aged 78)
Ufford, Suffolk, England
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch Royal Navy
Years of service 1939–1982
Rank Admiral of the Fleet
Commands held Chief of the Defence Staff
First Sea Lord
Naval Home Command
Commander-in-Chief Fleet
HMS Hermes
HMS Tenby
HMS Urchin
HM Yacht Britannia
HMS Corunna
Battles/wars Second World War
Falklands War
Awards Knight of the Order of the Garter
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Lieutenant of the Royal Victorian Order
Distinguished Service Cross
Mentioned in Despatches (3)

Admiral of the Fleet Terence Thornton Lewin, Baron Lewin, KG, GCB, LVO, DSC (19 November 1920 – 23 January 1999) was a Royal Navy officer. He served in the Second World War and then commanded a destroyer, the Royal yacht, two frigates and an aircraft carrier before achieving higher command. He was First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff in the late 1970s and in that role he worked hard to secure a decent wage for servicemen and helped win them a 32% pay rise. He went on to be Chief of the Defence Staff during the Falklands War, serving as chief war planner and as Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's chief advisor during the war. He was also the first Chief of Defence Staff to act as head of the Armed Forces rather than just Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee.

Naval career[edit]

Born the son of Eric Lewin and Maggie Lewin (née Falconer)[1] and educated at The Judd School in Tonbridge, where he was head prefect in 1938, Lewin joined the Royal Navy as a cadet in 1939.[2] He was initially posted to the training ship HMS Vindictive but when the Second World War broke out in September 1939 he transferred to the cruiser HMS Belfast and then two months later to the battleship HMS Valiant.[3]

The destroyer HMS Ashanti in which Lewin he took part in the Arctic Convoys during the Second World War

In the Valiant he took part in the Norwegian Campaign in April and May 1940 and then in the attack on the French Fleet at Mers-el-Kébir in July 1940.[3] He transferred to the destroyer HMS Highlander in October 1941 and then to the destroyer HMS Ashanti in January 1942.[3] During a long period of service in the Ashanti he took part in the Arctic Convoys, and having been promoted to lieutenant on 1 July 1942, he took part in Operation Pedestal to relieve Malta in August 1942 and then the allied landings in North Africa in November 1942 before returning to the Arctic Convoys again and finally taking part in the allied landings in Normandy in June 1944.[3] He served with distinction being mentioned in despatches three times[4][5][6] and being awarded the Distinguished Service Cross in 1942 for saving the lives of many fellow servicemen when the destroyer HMS Somali was hit by a torpedo.[7][8]

Lewin attended the gunnery school at HMS Excellent in Spring 1945 and then joined the staff there in May 1945.[3] He was posted to the cruiser HMS Bellona as gunnery officer in April 1946 and, after attending the advanced gunnery course at the Royal Naval College, Greenwich, in 1947, he returned to the staff at HMS Excellent in December.[3] Promoted to lieutenant commander on 1 July 1949,[9] he became gunnery officer of the First Destroyer Flotilla in the Mediterranean Fleet.[10] He rejoined the staff of HMS Excellent in January 1952 and, having been promoted to commander on 31 December 1952,[11] he joined the staff of the Second Sea Lord at the Admiralty in December 1953.[10]

Lewin was given command of the destroyer HMS Corunna in October 1955 and then of HM Yacht Britannia in April 1957, before being promoted to captain on 30 June 1958.[12] He went back to the Admiralty as Assistant Director of the Tactical Ship Requirements and Staff Duties Division in November 1958 and then, having been appointed a Lieutenant of the Royal Victorian Order in the 1959 New Year Honours,[13] he became Assistant Director of the Tactical and Weapons Policy Division in 1960.[10] After attending the Imperial Defence College in 1961,[10] he was appointed Captain (F) of the 17th Frigate Squadron in December 1961 sailing successively in the frigates HMS Urchin and then HMS Tenby.[10] He went back to the Admiralty again as Director of the Tactical and Weapons Policy Division in December 1963 and took command of the aircraft carrier HMS Hermes in May 1966.[10] He was appointed Naval Aide-de-Camp to the Queen on 7 July 1967[14] and promoted to rear admiral on 7 January 1968,[15] on appointment as Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff (Policy) before becoming Flag Officer Second in Command Far East Fleet in August 1969.[10] Promoted to vice admiral on 7 October 1970,[16] he became Vice Chief of the Naval Staff in January 1971.[17] He was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in the 1973 New Year Honours.[18] He was promoted to full admiral on 1 December 1973,[19] on appointment as Commander-in-Chief Fleet and NATO Commander-in-Chief, Channel and Commander-in-Chief Eastern Atlantic and became Commander-in-Chief Naval Home Command in November 1975[17] before being advanced to Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath in the 1976 Birthday Honours.[20]

Supplies being delivered to the destroyer HMS Bristol by helicopter during a stopover at Ascension Island on the ship's voyage to take part in the Falklands War

Lewin was appointed First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff on 1 March 1977.[21] In that role he worked hard to secure a decent wage for servicemen and helped win them a 32% pay rise.[8] Promoted to Admiral of the Fleet on 6 July 1979,[22] he went on to be Chief of the Defence Staff in September 1979 and served as a member of the War Cabinet during the Falklands War giving Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher his resolute support when losses began to be suffered.[23][24]

Lewin was the first Chief of Defence Staff to act as Head of the Armed Forces rather than just Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee.[23] He was created a life peer, as Baron Lewin, of Greenwich in Greater London in October 1982[25] on his retirement.[23]

Later life[edit]

In retirement Lewin became Chairman of the Trustees of the National Maritime Museum, a Liveryman of the Skinners' Company and of the Shipwrights' Company and an elder brother of Trinity House.[26] His interests included military history: he was an expert on the life of Captain Cook.[8] He was appointed a Knight of the Order of the Garter in April 1983.[23] He died at his home at Ufford in Suffolk on 23 January 1999.[23]

Family[edit]

In 1944 Lewin married Jane Branch-Evans; they had two sons and a daughter.[3]

Arms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richard Hill (September 2004). "Lewin, Terence Thornton, Baron Lewin (1920–1999)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 30 August 2012.  (subscription required)
  2. ^ Heathcote, p. 155
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Heathcote, p. 156
  4. ^ "No. 35679". The London Gazette. 21 August 1942. p. 3719. 
  5. ^ "No. 36676". The London Gazette (Supplement). 25 August 1944. p. 4010. 
  6. ^ "No. 36794". The London Gazette (Supplement). 10 November 1944. p. 5224. 
  7. ^ "No. 35805". The London Gazette (Supplement). 27 November 1942. p. 5226. 
  8. ^ a b c "Obituary: Admiral of the Fleet Lord Lewin". The Independent. 25 January 1999. Retrieved 30 August 2012. 
  9. ^ "No. 38681". The London Gazette. 2 August 1949. p. 3760. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Heathcote, p. 157
  11. ^ "No. 39749". The London Gazette. 9 January 1953. p. 220. 
  12. ^ "No. 41450". The London Gazette. 18 July 1958. p. 4514. 
  13. ^ "No. 41589". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 1958. p. 5. 
  14. ^ "No. 44365". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 July 1967. p. 7881. 
  15. ^ "No. 44405". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 September 1967. p. 9891. 
  16. ^ "No. 45214". The London Gazette (Supplement). 16 October 1970. p. 11458. 
  17. ^ a b Heathcote, p. 158
  18. ^ "No. 45860". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 1972. p. 2. 
  19. ^ "No. 46138". The London Gazette (Supplement). 26 November 1973. p. 14081. 
  20. ^ "No. 46919". The London Gazette (Supplement). 4 June 1976. p. 8016. 
  21. ^ "No. 47173". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 March 1977. p. 3571. 
  22. ^ "No. 47904". The London Gazette (Supplement). 16 July 1979. p. 8998. 
  23. ^ a b c d e Heathcote, p. 159
  24. ^ Stephen Prince "British command and control in the Falklands Campaign." Defense & Security Analysis 18.4 (2002): 333-349.
  25. ^ "No. 49176". The London Gazette. 24 November 1982. p. 15347. 
  26. ^ People of Today 1994, Debrett, ISBN 1 870520 19 X

Further reading[edit]

  • Finlan, Alastair. The Royal Navy in the Falklands Conflict and the Gulf War: Culture and Strategy (Psychology Press, 2004).
  • Heathcote, Tony (2002). The British Admirals of the Fleet 1734 – 1995. Pen & Sword Ltd. ISBN 0-85052-835-6. 
  • Rear-Admiral Richard Hill (2000). Lewin of Greenwich. Weidenfeld Military. ISBN 978-0-304-35329-3. 
  • Prince, Stephen. "British command and control in the Falklands Campaign." Defense & Security Analysis 18.4 (2002): 333-349.
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Edward Ashmore
Vice Chief of the Naval Staff
1971–1973
Succeeded by
Sir John Treacher
Commander-in-Chief Fleet
1973–1975
Preceded by
Sir Derek Empson
Commander-in-Chief Naval Home Command
1975–1976
Succeeded by
Sir David Williams
Preceded by
Sir Edward Ashmore
First Sea Lord
1977–1979
Succeeded by
Sir Henry Leach
Preceded by
Sir Neil Cameron
Chief of the Defence Staff
1979–1982
Succeeded by
Sir Edwin Bramall