Terence Young (politician)
||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2015)|
|Member of the Canadian Parliament
|Preceded by||Bonnie Brown|
|Succeeded by||John Oliver|
|Preceded by||Barbara Sullivan|
|Succeeded by||Riding abolished|
|Born||Terence Hart Young
July 24, 1952
Terence Hart Young (born July 24, 1952) is a former politician in Ontario, Canada. He was a Conservative member of the Canadian House of Commons from 2008 to 2015 who represented the riding of Oakville. Previously, Young was a Progressive Conservative member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario between 1995 and 1999.
Young was born in Toronto, Ontario. One of five brothers, his father was an Anglican minister at St. Anne's Anglican Church in Toronto's west end. Young's mother Judith is a member of the Massey family. His great uncle Denton Massey represented the riding of Greenwood in Toronto in parliament from 1935 until 1949, and is related to Raymond Massey.
He received his B.A. in Political and Social Science from York University in 1975 and attended Osgoode Hall Law School for one year, before choosing to pursue a business career. He worked for Ford Motor Company in sales, was a General Motors Sales Master and was licensed by the American Federation of Musicians to book Canadian musicians through Music Shoppe International. Before politics Young also worked as a manager for Bell Canada. He lives in Oakville with wife Gloria whom he married in 1980. They raised three daughters, Madeline, Hart, and Vanessa.
Young served as President of the Lewis Garnsworthy Tower, a not-for-profit supportive Housing residence for seniors in Toronto, and on the board of St. Hilda's Towers from 2001- 2013. He was Vice-Chair of the Ontario Association of Former Parliamentarians (2001) and Founding President of Policy Alliance Inc. a government relations firm (2001).
Young's fifteen-year-old daughter Vanessa died in 2000 after taking the Johnson & Johnson prescription drug cisapride (brand name in Canada: Prepulsid). Young became a consumer advocate after this incident, and has been fighting for a more stringent and protective drug-monitoring system in Canada. He founded Drug Safety Canada to advocate for safe prescription drugs, and also initiated a hundred million dollar class action lawsuit against Johnson & Johnson and Health Canada in 2000, and an individual lawsuit, later settled after a six-year court battle. This story is told in detail in Young's 2009 book Death by Prescription. He introduced a Private member's bill on April 20, 2009, to establish an independent drug agency for Canada similar to the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission or the Transportation Safety Board of Canada, focussing solely on prescription drug safety. The bill has been reintroduced through subsequent parliamentary sessions up to the most recent (as of August 2015[update]), the 41st Canadian Parliament, 2nd session, but has never advanced to become law. After earlier government legislation had died on the Order Paper at the dissolution of the 39th Canadian Parliament, Young conceived and sponsored Bill C-17, An Act to amend the Food and Drugs Act — Protecting Canadians from Unsafe Drugs Act (Vanessa's Law), named for his late daughter, which received Royal assent on November 6, 2014. The law gives Health Canada powers to order drug companies to provide clearly worded safety warnings to patients and doctors for all drugs in plain language, to change drug labels for drugs on the market to clearly reflect new safety information, to conduct new studies on drugs that have shown safety concerns, to take unsafe drugs off the market and the supply chain within 48 hours, and to compel health care institutions to report all serious adverse drug reactions to Health Canada. It also, amongst other powers, allows the Minister of Health to compel drug companies to make confidential business information (CBI) on their drugs available to specific entities such as the provinces and researchers, when patients are at risk of serious harm. The law also provides for fines, the level of which is at a court's discretion, for criminal negligence that harms patients. Authors in the Canadian Medical Association Journal have noted concerns with the enforcement of drug reaction reporting the law requires, with heretofore onerous reporting methods leading to low rates of report (5%), and suggesting "Reports for adverse drug reactions must be simple and quick to complete, and support clinical decisions at the point of care". Others have suggested the law will fail as it excludes natural remedies.
Young was elected for the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario to the provincial legislature in the 1995 election, defeating incumbent Liberal Barbara Sullivan by 16,644 votes in Halton Centre amid a PC Party of Ontario sweep of the region. He served as a backbench supporter of the Mike Harris government. He served as Parliamentary Assistant to the Minister of Education for three years with responsibility for Colleges and Universities; and then as Parliamentary Assistant to Finance Minister.
Young was part of a "family values caucus" in the Progressive Conservative Party, a group of right-wing members which included Jim Brown, Jack Carroll and Frank Klees. They wanted to legislate their own set of moral values on Ontario society. In 1997 and 1998, Young twice sponsored a private members bill called the Zero Tolerance for Substance Abuse Act which would have required school principals to automatically suspend students if they were caught with cigarettes, alcohol or drugs. Both times the bill didn't make it past second reading.
Young criticized the Halton School Board for approving Joyce Carol Oates's novel, Foxfire: Confessions of a Girl Gang, for Grade Twelve English. Young admitted he had not read the book but had seen excerpts which he characterized as pornographic and obscene.
In 1996, the Harris government reduced the number of provincial ridings from 130 to 103. As a result, some MPPs from the same party were forced to compete against one another for re-nomination. Young ran for the Progressive Conservative nomination in the new constituency of Oakville, but lost to fellow MPP Gary Carr, 651 votes to 432.
Young endorsed Frank Klees's bid to become leader of the PC Party of Ontario in 2004, who lost to John Tory; Christine Elliott in 2009, who lost to Tim Hudak; and Christine Elliot again in 2015, who lost to Patrick Brown.
Young ran for the House of Commons of Canada as an independent candidate in the 1974 federal election, in the Toronto riding of Parkdale. He received 144 votes, finishing well behind winner Stanley Haidasz of the Liberal Party.
He was elected to the House of Commons in the 2008 federal election, defeating Liberal incumbent Bonnie Brown in Oakville. On May 2, 2011, Young was reelected in Oakville with a larger majority of 12,178 votes, defeating local Oakville councillor Liberal Max Khan. He served as a backbench supporter of the Stephen Harper government.
In December 2014, Young introduced a Private Member's Bill called An Act Respecting the Prevention of Potential Health Risks from Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Radiation. The act which was co-written by Canadians for Safe Technology would have forced manufacturers of devices emitting electronic signals to place warning labels on the packaging. The bill did not get past first reading.
As a member of the Standing Committee on Health, Young devoted much of his time in Parliament to speaking out about the dangers of marijuana and the deaths it is allegedly directly responsible for. Young contended that marijuana legalization would normalize its use among Canadian youth, who currently lead the developed world in marijuana consumption. Young's argument that legalizing marijuana would still allow minors access because minors clearly have access to tobacco and alcohol despite age restrictions, had the unintended consequence of also being an argument against the legalization of the latter two substances, as noted by pundits.
Young was acclaimed as the Conservative candidate in Oakville riding for the 2015 Canadian federal election. At an all candidates' debate hosted by the Oakville Chamber of Commerce on October 6, 2015, when asked how he and his party would create employment for young Canadians, Young changed the subject stating one of the biggest problems Canada’s youths have is drugs. The move provoked a groan from the crowd. Young also alleged during the campaign that the Liberal Party would create brothels if elected.
- "Affidavit of Terence Hart Young" (PDF). Ontario Superior Court of Justice. August 3, 2006.
- "Committee Transcripts: Standing Committee on Government Agencies - 2000-Mar-07 - Intended Appointments". Legislative Assembly of Ontario. March 7, 2000.
- "Biokey Inc. (Small business registration)". Washington, D.C., USA: United States Securities and Exchange Commission. April 5, 2005. p. 39-40.
- Hardcover: Young, Terence H (2009). Death by Prescription. Toronto: Key Porter Books. ISBN 9781552638255. OCLC 76481186. Paperback: Young, Terence H (2012). Death by Prescription. Oakville, Ont.: Mosaic Press. ISBN 9780889629622. OCLC 879647808. Published in French as: Young, Terence H (2011). Mourir sur ordonnance : un père enquête sur l'industrie pharmaceutique (in French). Translated by Françoise Forest and Geneviève Boulanger; preface by J.-Claude St-Onge. Montreal: Éditions Écosociété. ISBN 9782923165752. OCLC 701590125.
- "M-153 - Creation of an Independent Drug Agency". Terence Young — Private Members' Motions - 41st Parliament, 2nd Session. Parliament of Canada. Retrieved 2015-08-10.
- Norris, Sonya; Tiedemann, Marlisa (2014-07-03). "Legislative Summary of Bill C-17: An Act to amend the Food and Drugs Act". 41st Parliament, 2nd Session. Library of Parliament Research Publications, Parliament of Canada. OCLC 875027181. Publication Number 41-2-C17-E. Retrieved 2015-08-10.
- "Government Orders — Food and Drugs Act". Hansard - 41st Parliament, 2nd Session. Parliament of Canada. 2014-03-28. Retrieved 2015-08-10.
- "Bill C-17, An Act to amend the Food and Drugs Act — Protecting Canadians from Unsafe Drugs Act (Vanessa's Law), Status of the Bill". 41st Parliament, 2nd Session. Parliament of Canada. 2014-03-28. Retrieved 2015-08-10.
- "Better documentation of adverse drug reactions needed for new Bill C-17 to improve drug safety" (Press release). Canadian Medical Association Journal. 2015-05-04. Retrieved 2015-08-10. See also full journal article: Hohl, Corinne; Lexchin, Joel R; Balka, Ellen (2015-05-04). "Can reporting of adverse drug reactions create safer systems while improving health data?". Canadian Medical Association Journal 187 (11): 789–790. doi:10.1503/cmaj.150057. PMID 25941261.
- Weeks, Carly (2015-05-10). "Vanessa’s Law is sure to fail if herbal remedies are excluded". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2015-08-10.
- "Patient Safety Bill Excludes Natural Health Products" (Press release). Bad Science Watch. 2014-06-02. Retrieved 2015-08-10.
- "Summary of Valid Ballots by Candidate". Elections Ontario. June 8, 1995.
- "Halton Centre MPP named aide to Eves". The Hamilton Spectator. November 10, 1997. p. A5.
- "Harris won't miss group". Kingston Whig — Standard. June 22, 1999. p. 18.
- Walker, William (June 13, 1997). "Cigarette students face suspension But planned law runs into Liberal criticism". Toronto Star. p. A11.
- Young, Terence (June 12, 1997). "Bill 134, Zero Tolerance for Substance Abuse Act, 1997". Legislative Assembly of Ontario.
- Young, Terence (June 18, 1998). "Bill 30, Zero Tolerance for Substance Abuse Act, 1998". Legislative Assembly of Ontario.
- Van Luven, Lynne (May 10, 1997). "Good Idea Gone to Seed: Joyce Carol Oates may have strayed into ``dangerous terrain once again -- at least to the minds of overprotective parents". The Windsor Star. p. E4.
- Boyle, Theresa (April 14, 1999). "Carr wins nomination in Oakville". Toronto Star. p. 1.
- Akin, David (2014-06-26). "The Ontario PC Party leadership race: Where do MPPs and MPs stand?". Canoe.ca. Retrieved 2015-05-12.
- Fekete, Jason (2015-01-02). "Conservative MPs take sides in Ontario PC leadership race". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved 2015-05-12.
- "How the party candidates fared across the country". The Toronto Star. July 9, 1974. p. A12.
- "Greater Toronto Area Results". The Toronto Star. October 15, 2008. p. U2.
- "Riding results from across Canada". Edmonton Journal. May 3, 2011. p. A6.
- Young, Terence (December 11, 2014). "An Act Respecting the Prevention of Potential Health Risks from Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Radiation". Government of Canada.
- Garbutt, Herb (January 2, 2015). "Oakville MP introduces bill to require warnings on cell phones". Oakville Beaver. p. 1. Retrieved July 17, 2015.
- Hui, Ann (2013-04-15). "Canadian teens lead developed world in cannabis use: Unicef report". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2015-10-07.
- Wherry, Aaron (2013-10-21). "Justin Trudeau, safe injection facilities and scary drugs: Is it time to ban alcohol and cigarettes too?". Maclean's. Retrieved 2015-10-07.
- Nolan, Daniel (July 25, 2014). "Tory candidates lined up for 2015 federal election". Hamilton Spectator.
- Lea, David (2015-10-07). "Audience of around 400 packs Oakville Chamber all-candidates debate". Oakville Beaver. Retrieved 2015-10-08.
- King, Robin Levinson (October 13, 2015). "Conservative candidates say Liberal party would mandate brothels". The Toronto Star.
- Lea, David (October 20, 2015). "John Oliver ousts incumbent Terence Young in Oakville riding". Oakville Beaver.
- Official website
- Terence Young (politician) – Parliament of Canada biography
- Ontario Legislative Assembly Parliamentarian History