Teresa Ribera

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Teresa Ribera
Teresa Ribera 2020 (cropped).jpg
1st Fourth Deputy Prime Minister of Spain
Assumed office
13 January 2020
MonarchFelipe VI
Prime MinisterPedro Sánchez
Preceded byOffice established
Minister for the Ecological Transition and Demographic Challenge
Assumed office
13 January 2020
MonarchFelipe VI
Prime MinisterPedro Sánchez
Preceded byHerself
(Ecological Transition)
Minister for the Ecological Transition
In office
7 June 2018 – 13 January 2020
MonarchFelipe VI
Prime MinisterPedro Sánchez
Preceded byIsabel García Tejerina
(Agriculture and Fisheries, Food and Environment)
Álvaro Nadal
(Energy, Tourism and Digital Agenda)
Succeeded byHerself
(Ecological Transition and Demographic Challenge)
Member of the Congress of Deputies
Assumed office
21 May 2019
Personal details
Teresa Ribera Rodríguez

(1969-05-19) May 19, 1969 (age 50)
Madrid, Spain
Political partySpanish Socialist Worker's Party
Alma materComplutense University of Madrid
Center for Constitutional Studies.
OccupationJurist, lawyer, politician and academic

Teresa Ribera Rodríguez (born 19 May 1969 in Madrid), is a Spanish jurist, university professor and Spanish politician, current Minister for the Ecological Transition of Spain. She serves in the Sánchez government which came to power in 2018 after the approval of the motion of no-confidence in the Rajoy government.

Between 2008 and 2011 she held the position of Secretary of State for Climate Change in the second administration of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero. Between 2014 and 2018, she was director of the Institute of Sustainable Development and International Relations, based in Paris.

Biography and political career[edit]

Graduated in Law from the Complutense University of Madrid and diploma in Constitutional Law and Political Science from the Center for Constitutional Studies. She belongs to the Superior Body of Civil Administrators of the State of which she has been a surplus official since 2012 and has been an associate professor of the Department of Public Law and Philosophy of Law at the Autonomous University of Madrid.[1]

She has held various technical positions in public administration, such as the position of Chief of Coordination of the Ministry of Development and of Technical Adviser in the Cabinet of the Assistant Secretary for the Environment and Head of the Compliance and Development area. Between 2004 and 2008 she was general director of the Office of Climate Change and between 2008 and 2011 she assumed the Secretary of State for Climate Change (in the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Food and Environment) during the government of President José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero.[2]

Ribera is also a member of several advisory councils, including the Global Leadership Council of the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network (UNSDSN), the global climate change advisory council of the World Economic Forum, and the Momentum For Change initiative of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC); belongs to the international council of the BC3, to the advisory council of the Institut pour la Recherche du Développement (IRD) and to the patronages of Fundipax and Fundación Alternativas.

In September 2013, she began to collaborate with the Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI), based in Paris, and in June 2014 she assumed its direction. The organization is dedicated to the analysis of strategic issues related to sustainable development, climate change, protection of biodiversity, food security and management of the urbanization process[3]

In May 2014, the prosecutor's office denounced the development of a gas storage site, called Project Castor, which was halted because of seismic activity. Environmental prevaricación was alleged, and one of the accusations was directed against Teresa Ribera, because when the project was approved by the Government in 2008, she occupied the State Secretariat of Climate Change and was the person who signed the environmental impact assessment by which the project was authorized.[4][5] In 2015, 18 persons were charged from the Geological and Mining Institute of Spain (IGME) and the General Directorate of Quality and Environmental Evaluation - they held posts of a technical nature and no politicians were charged: former Secretary of State Teresa Ribera was not called.[6]

In 2015, she joined Pedro Sánchez's team of experts to prepare the PSOE's electoral program.[7]

Ecological Transition Minister[edit]

In June 2018, it was announced that she would be the Minister for the Ecological Transition of the Sánchez government,[8] following the motion of censure that the PSOE presented against the previous government of Mariano Rajoy (PP) and that was approved by the Congress of Deputies. On 1 June 2018, Sánchez appointed her as Minister in new Spanish government. Felipe VI sanctioned by royal decree of June her appointment as holder of the portfolio of Minister for the Ecological Transition.[9] On 7 June she took office as Minister before the King at Palace of Zarzuela.[10]

The first measures that she carried out as minister was to end the so-called «sun tax» to allow the free production of power in an effort to increase ecological power and to reduce the price of electricity.[11][12] In an effort to end coal pollution and to transform the power production of Spain, Ribera reached an agreement with unions to close most of the coal mines that still survived in the north of the country by making an investment of 250 million to avoid a fall in the miners’ standard of living and to restore the environmental balance of the area.[13] In October 2018, she was awarded the Climate Reality Project Award in the category of 'Public Personality' granted by the Climate Reality Project.[14][15]

Fourth Deputy Prime Minister of Spain[edit]

On 13 January 2020, Ribera assumed the office of Fourth Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for the Ecological Transition and Demographic Challenge before the King in Zarzuela Palace in the Sánchez Second Cabinet.[16][17][18][19]


  1. ^ CV Teresa Ribera (in Spanish)
  2. ^ REAL DECRETO 573/2008, de 21 de abril, por el que se nombra Secretaria de Estado de Cambio Climático a doña Teresa Ribera Rodríguez (in Spanish)
  3. ^ Instituto de Desarrollo Sostenible y Relaciones Internacionales (in Spanish)
  4. ^ La fiscalía denunciará el proyecto Castor por prevaricación ambiental (in Spanish)
  5. ^ La “chica con glamour” de ZP, investigada por prevaricación en la Plataforma Castor (in Spanish)
  6. ^ Efecto Castor: los técnicos apenas firman ya declaraciones de impacto ambiental (in Spanish)
  7. ^ Pedro Sánchez también ficha a Victoria Camps y Teresa Ribera (in Spanish)
  8. ^ Teresa Ribera acepta ser ministra de Transición Energética y Medio Ambiente (in Spanish)
  9. ^ Real Decreto 357/2018, de 6 de junio, por el que se nombran Ministros del Gobierno (in Spanish)
  10. ^ Los 17 del "Consejo de Ministras y Ministros" de Sánchez prometen ante el Rey (in Spanish)
  11. ^ "Spain Abolishes the 'Tax on the Sun'". Retrieved 2018-10-27.
  12. ^ Binnie, Isla. "Spain scraps 'sun tax' in measures to cool electricity prices". U.S. Retrieved 2018-10-27.
  13. ^ Neslen, Arthur (2018-10-26). "Spain to close most coalmines in €250m transition deal". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-10-27.
  14. ^ "Ribera calls on UN members to reinforce climate action - Energía16". www.energia16.com. Retrieved 2018-10-27.
  15. ^ iAgua, redaccion (2018-10-24). "Teresa Ribera, premiada por su lucha contra el cambio climático". iAgua (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-10-27.
  16. ^ "Real Decreto 7/2020, de 12 de enero, por el que se nombra Vicepresidenta Cuarta del Gobierno a doña Teresa Ribera Rodríguez". Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). 12 January 2020. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
  17. ^ "Real Decreto 8/2020, de 12 de enero, por el que se nombran Ministros del Gobierno". Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). 12 January 2020. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
  18. ^ "Toma de posesión de los ministros del Gobierno Sánchez Últimas noticias y reacciones, en directo". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 13 January 2020. Retrieved 17 January 2020.
  19. ^ "La toma de posesión del nuevo Gobierno de Pedro Sánchez, en imágenes". El País (in Spanish). 13 January 2020. Retrieved 17 January 2020.