|Native name||Metrô de Teresina|
|Locale||Teresina, Piauí, Brazil|
|Transit type||Commuter rail|
|Number of lines||1|
|Number of stations||9|
|Began operation||5 June 1991|
|System length||13.5 km (8.4 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge|
The Teresina Metro (Portuguese: Metrô de Teresina, commonly called Metrô, though it is technically not a metro system) in Teresina, the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Piauí, is a diesel commuter rail line operated by CMTP (Metropolitan Public Transport Company). It is 13.5 kilometres (8.4 mi) long with a daily ridership of about 12,000.
The Teresina Metro was inaugurated on 15 August 1989, with the objective of establishing a high-capacity transport for the urban agglomeration of Teresina. The works were initiated at the end of 1989.
To reduce costs of the system, the project uses the existing metre gauge rail line, which travels through Teresina. It was placed into a cut in the centre of the city, to reduce interference with road traffic. It adopted diesel train-sets sponsored by RFFSA, who covered the stretch between Porto Alegre and Uruguayana, which has the metre gauge track. Line 1 entered into trial operation in November 1990, and was launched commercially on 5 June 1991.
A new station under construction in the city centre was supposed to increase usage to 20,000 passengers daily since none of the other stations are in the center of the city nor do they have bus terminals at their stations (the majority of Teresina Metro stations are on narrow streets in poorer neighborhoods with little commercial activity). After the inauguration of the Engenheiro Alberto Tavares Silva/Bandeira station, daily ridership only increased to 8,000 in 2013. In comparison, the city bus system handles about 225,000 daily passengers.
The Teresina Metro has plans to expand since it currently serves no major shopping center (besides the Shopping da Cidade which is populated by street vendors), the local soccer stadium, bus station or airport.
The system consists of a total length of 13.5 kilometres (8.4 mi). Eight stations formed mostly by surface track. Diesel trains are running on a single track line with meter gauge (1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in)), traveling at an average speed of 30 km/h (19 mph). One of the train sets has been completely modernised in 2006.
|Line||Terminals||Inauguration||Length||Stations||Length of trips (min)||Operation|
|1||Itararé ↔ Engenheiro Alberto Silva||5 June 1991||13.5 km||9||30||Monday-Friday, 6:00-19:00 hrs|
- "Metrô se torna ponto de consumo de crack em Teresina" [Subway becomes the point of crack use in Teresina]. MeioNorte.com (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2013-07-30.
- "Quem Somos: Sindicato das Empresas de Transportes Urbanos de Passageiros de Teresina - SETUT". SETUT.
O Sindicato gerencia o transporte de 7 milhões de passageiros por mês.
- "Shopping da Cidade faz camelôs aumentarem vendas em Teresina". MeioNorte.com. 7 August 2009.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20090815104246/http://www.florianonet.com.br/metro-pi/projeto.htm. Archived from the original on August 15, 2009. Retrieved May 25, 2009. Missing or empty