May 12, 1968 |
|Education||Southwest Miami High School|
|Alma mater||BFA: Florida International University
MFA: Virginia Commonwealth University
|Known for||U.S. Commission of Fine Arts|
|Awards||MacArthur Foundation, Guggenheim Fellowship, American Academy in Rome|
Teresita Fernández (born May 12, 1968, Miami, Florida) is an artist best known for her prominent public sculptures and unconventional use of materials. Fernández's work is characterized by an interest in perception and the psychology of looking. Her experiential, large-scale works are often inspired by landscape and natural phenomena as well as diverse historical and cultural references. The artist has lived and worked in Brooklyn, New York, since 1997. She is represented by Lehmann Maupin in New York City.
The artist's work has explored issues in contemporary art related to perception and the fabrication of the natural world. Often her sculptures present spectacular optical illusions and evoke natural phenomena, land formations, and water in its infinite forms.
In my work, I'm often not referring to a particular landscape per se, but rather trying to create a visual catalyst that prompts our thinking of places and how we imagine them. I'm much more interested in the construction of ideas about landscape: it's such a completely rich, subjective, internalized exercise that can function almost like poetry—an exercise about "placement" that becomes a mirror to all kinds of things.
Early Life & Career
Fernández was born in 1968 in Miami, Florida, to Cuban parents in exile. Her family fled Fidel Castro's regime in July 1959, six months after the Cuban Revolution. As a child, she spent much of her time making things in the atelier of her great aunts and grandmother, all whom had been trained as highly skilled couture seamstresses in Havana, Cuba.
Despite her pride of her Cuban heritage, Fernández maintains a strong sense of privacy in regards to her past – in a rare moment of transparency in an interview with The Brooklyn Rail, Fernández states that “as that first generation of Cuban-Americans, we didn’t have the luxury of “messing up.” We were brought up to value education, to work hard, to carry ourselves with a certain formality and solemnity." 
Fernández graduated from Southwest Miami High School in 1986. She received her Bachelor of Fine Arts from Florida International University in 1990, and her Masters of Fine Art from Virginia Commonwealth University in 1992.
Style & Medium
At the core of Teresita Fernández’s work is a paradox: she captures the essence of formless elements such as fire, water, and air using undeniably physical materials.
Teresita Fernández is an artist well-known for large-scale public sculptures and installations made from such diverse materials as thread, aluminum, acrylic, plastic, and glass beads. Although these are industrial materials, Fernández transforms them into forms and shapes that suggest natural phenomena such as waterfalls or sand dunes. This places her along a lineage of artist who explore the relationship between the power of nature and the development of technology.
In her sculptures and drawings, Fernández often leverages non-traditional media to create optical illusions of motion, dissolution, and illumination. Fernández pairing of a conventional subject with an unconventional material reinforces her interest in combining the natural with the industrial or mass-produced.
In 1997, Fernández lived in Moriya, Ibaraki, during an artist's residency with Arcus Project. During Fernandez’s residency in Japan, Fernández lived out of a suitcase. Fernández cites Japanese culture and sensibility as the greatest inspiration to her work as an artist. Fernández states,
I think a huge part of me must be from Japan and it plays into my work, [particularly with] light and dark. [Like] light and shadows [or] seeing and not seeing. In fact most of my work [is what] that’s all about – the idea that darkness, the revered beauty of shadows, is not really “just” dark emptiness, but that darkness is actually very much alive, dynamic. So it’s about that reciprocity where darkness only exists where there’s light and light only exists where there’s darkness—they exist in tandem with one another, they define one another much more than being distant opposites.
Fernández continues to visit Japan regularly during the last 18 years and cites her ongoing relationship with Japan as a having a significant impact on her and her artwork:
There is something very particular in Japan that I recognized as oddly familiar and important. For me, the presence that inanimate objects have there is very similar to what art does. As a sculptor, it's very hard to make ordinary, physical materials that very much just want to be what they are, transcend themselves and have a charged presence that affects viewers on a visceral level.
She is a 2005 John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Fellow and the recipient of many prestigious awards, including a Guggenheim Fellowship, a National Endowment for the Arts Artist's Grant, an American Academy in Rome Affiliated Fellowship, a Louis Comfort Tiffany Foundation Biennial Award, and a Oscar B. Cintas Fellowship.
In 2011, President Obama appointed Fernández to the serve on the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts, a federal panel that advises the President, Congress, and governmental agencies on national matters of design and aesthetics. She is the first Latina to serve on the Commission, and the second person of Latino heritage to serve on the CFA in its over 100-year history. Forty years before her appointment, the last Cuban Ambassador to the United States Nicolas Arroyo sat on the panel from 1971 to 1976.
Fernández was a resident at the ArtPace International Artist-in-Residence Program in San Antonio, TX in 1998, The Fabric Workshop and Museum in Philadelphia, PA in 2005, the Signapore Tyler Pratt Institute (STPI) in 2010, and the John Hardy Residency Program in Bali, Indonesia, in 2011.
Virginia Commonwealth University Keynote Speech – May 2013
Fernández's keynote address On Amnesia, Broken Pottery, and the Inside of a Form to the graduating class at her alma mater, Virginia Commonwealth University's School of the Arts, was cited by Maria Popova's blog Brain Pickings as one of the greatest commencement addresses of all time.
Fernandez’s speech highlighted the values of not giving up, accepting failure and change as a positive, and keeping integrity with accompanied success. Fernandez also offered ten tips for the graduates for help on the creative journey, including 1) Art requires time; 4) Not every project will survive; and 6) “When people say your work is good, do two things: first, don’t believe them. Second, ask them, ‘why?’” 
One of the more significant quotes of the keynote speech helped provide insight into Fernandez’s philosophy that governs her artwork:
I was enamored with the idea of how what seemed broken, discarded, useless was transformed into a meaningful gesture… We are conditioned to think that what is broken is lost, or useless or a setback, and so when we set out with big ambitions we don’t necessarily recognize what the next graduation is supposed to look like. Unlearning everything you learned in college is just an exercise in learning to recognize how the fragments and small bits lead to something that is much more than the sum of its parts.
Fernandez parting point could also be considered her most poignant – a reminder that being human is the wider circle within which being an artist resides, and that our art is always the combinatorial product of the fragments of who we are, of our combinatorial character.
Being an artist is not just about what happens when you are in the studio. The way you live, the people you choose to love and the way you love them, the way you vote, the words that come out of your mouth… will also become the raw material for the art you make.
Career and Selected Works
In 1996, Fernández had her first solo exhibition in New York at Deitch Projects, where she transformed the gallery into an empty, indoor swimming pool that was in part inspired by a house designed for Josephine Baker in 1920's Paris. The following year she was included in an exhibition at New Museum and in a group show titled The Crystal Stopper at Lehmann Maupin curated by Carlos Basualdo. Her first solo museum show was at the Institute of Contemporary Art, Philadelphia in 1999. Soon after that she had solo exhibitions at Site Santa Fe, Castello di Rivoli, and The Centro de Arte Contemporaneo, in Málaga, Spain.
Fernández's site-specific project titled Hothouse was installed at The Museum of Modern Art. The work was commission as part of Open Ends, the third and final cycle of MoMA2000, on view September 28, 2000 through January 2, 2001. The installation, a sprawling vine-like pattern (white on the front and green on the back), meandered across the glass looking out to Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Sculpture Garden.
The Public Art Fund commissioned Fernández's Bamboo Cinema (2001) in New York's Madison Square Park. The sculpture, a maze-like form made of concentric circles that functioned like an early cinematic device, was made of translucent elements that optically shifted the surroundings like an animated filmstrip. The vertical elements of the sculpture were made of extruded polycarbonate tubes of different diameters that had a green-hued stripe pattern embedded into them. The transparent tubes allowed different degrees of visibility from every angle. As in the earliest examples of cinematic devices, the vertical lines acted as a continuous shutter, constantly interrupting any movement so that it appeared to flicker.
At age thirty-five, she became the youngest artist commissioned by the Seattle Art Museum for the museum's Olympic Sculpture Park. Her permanently installed work, Seattle Cloud Cover (2006), allows visitors to walk under a block-long covered skyway while viewing the city's skyline appearing through tiny holes in color-saturated glass.
In 2005, she created a piece called Fire during her residency at The Fabric Workshop and Museum that was constructed using thousands of silk threads from Franco Scalamandré. The dyed silk threads were held taut between two rings and suspended from the ceiling, creating a unique optical illusion of transparency and dense color that appeared to vibrate when experienced by the moving viewer.
Fernández has made many sculptures out of raw, mined graphite as a way of looking at the intersection between drawing, land art and landscape painting. Her sculpture Borrowdale (Drawn Waters) (2009) is a reference to Cumbria, England, the location where graphite was first discovered and mined in the 1500s.
You can rephrase blindness in terms of the varieties of not-seeing:shadows, darkness, inaccessibility, denial, cloaking, peeking, squinting, hiding,camouflaging. These, too, are degrees of blindness, though less specific to the physicality of the eye and more inextricably linked to thinking, dreaming, and imagining. In my new Nocturnal series, I am in fact trying to amplify seeing by dimming it.
Fernández's Blind Blue Landscape (2009) at the renowned Bennesee Art Site in Naoshima, Kagawa consists of over thirty thousand hand-made mirrored glass cubes installed on a curved wall in the Tadao Ando designed building. Each mirror becomes like a miniature portrait reflecting the dramatic landscape of the Seto Inland Sea outside.
In 2009, The Blanton Museum of Art, commissioned the large permanent work titled Stacked Waters that occupies the museum's Rapoport Atrium. Stacked Waters consists of 3,100 square feet of custom-cast acrylic that covers the walls in a striped pattern. The work's title alludes to artist Donald Judd's "stack" sculptures—series of identical boxes installed vertically along wall surfaces—as well as to his sculptural explorations of box interiors. Fernández noticed how The Blanton's atrium functions like a box, and given its architectural nods to the arches of Roman baths and cisterns, she sought to fill its spatial volume with an illusion of water.
In 2013, Fernández installed a show at Lehmann Maupin Chrystie Street titled Night Writing, which consisted of an installation and a series of large works on paper created at the Singapore Tyler Print Institute. The work explored the idea of how humans have always looked up at the night sky for information, guidance, navigation and time-keeping. The title of the piece comes from an early form of braille which Fernández used to translate text that became a constellation pattern of perforated holes backed by mirrors – making the work a dynamic, reflective surface.
Fernández's largest solo exhibition to date, As Above So Below was recently on view at MASS MoCA in North Adams, Massachusetts. Describing a universe in balance, the phrase "as above, so below" originates from the Vedas and is an idea central to ancient alchemy, in which every action occurring on one level of reality (physical, emotional, or mental) correlates to every other. Fernández applied this concept to scale, suggesting that the vast is present in the tiny and vice versa, a kind of "intimate immensity". Responding to MASS MoCA's massive and light-filled first-floor galleries, Fernández created landscape-like large-scale installations alongside palm-sized sculptures that embodied this expression. The show featured exploration of two-mined, subterranean minerals, gold and graphite, to depict cosmic and light-filled images that refer to the heavens, thus suggesting both the space above and below the viewer.
As of 2013, Fernández is also featured in a contemporary art installation in the Alfond Inn in Winter Park, FL, as a part of the Cornell Fine Arts Museum. The work on display is titled Nocturnal (Cobalt Panorama), c. 2012.
On June 1, 2015, Fata Morgana the artist's most ambitious project will open in New York's Madison Square Park. The Madison Square Park Conservancy will present the outdoor sculpture consisting of 500 running feet of golden, mirror-polished discs that create canopies above the pathways around the park's central Oval Lawn.
In Fata Morgana I wanted to invert the traditional notion of outdoor sculpture by addressing all of the active walkways of the park to create an experiential, ambulatory art experience. By hovering over the park in a horizontal canopy, Fata Morgana becomes a ghost-like, sculptural, luminous mirage that distorts the landscape and becomes a reflective portrait of urban activity.
Fernández's works are included in many prominent collections and have been exhibited extensively both nationally and internationally at the Museum of Modern Art, New York; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA; Nasher Sculpture Center, Dallas, TX; Pizzuti Collection, Columbus, OH; LVMH Collection, Paris, France; Sammlung Goetz, Munich, Germany; Smithsonian Museum of American Art, Washington, D.C.; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN; Castello di Rivoli, Turin, Italy; Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.; Centro de Arte Contemporaneo, Spain; and the Institute of Contemporary Art, Philadelphia.
Selected Solo Exhibitions
- Almine Rech, London, United Kingdom
- Kyoto University of Art and Design, Kyoto, Japan
- As Above So Below, MASS MoCA, North Adams, MA
- Night Writing, Lehmann Maupin, New York, NY
- Pivot Points V, Museum of Contemporary Art, Miami, FL
- Gallery 313, Seoul, Korea
- Focus: Teresita Fernández, Modern Art Museum, Fort Worth, TX
- STPI, Singapore
- Blind Landscape, Museum of Contemporary Art Cleveland, Cleveland, OH
- Anthony Meier Fine Arts, San Francisco, CA
- Galerie Almine Rech, Paris, France
- Blind Landscape, Contemporary Art Museum, University of South Florida, Tampa; Blanton Museum of Art, Austin, TX
- Fabric Workshop and Museum, Philadelphia, PA
- Centro de Arte Contemporáneo de Málaga, Spain
- Masataka Hayakawa Gallery, Tokyo, Japan
- Galleria in Arco, Turin, Italy
- Grand Arts, Kansas City, MO
- Miami Art Museum, Miami, FL
- Castello di Rivoli, Turin, Italy
- Galeria Helga de Alvear, Madrid, Spain
- Site Santa-Fe, Santa Fe, NM
- supernova, Berkeley Art Museum/Matrix, Berkeley, CA
- Borrowed Landscape, Deitch Projects, New York, NY
- Institute of Contemporary Art, Philadelphia, PA
- Artpace, San Antonio, TX
- The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
- Masataka Hayakawa Gallery, Tokyo, Japan
- Deitch Projects, New York, NY
- Real/More Real, Museum of Contemporary Art, Miami, FL
- Sara Roffino (July 15, 2014), In Conversation: Teresita Fernández with Sara Roffino Brooklyn Rail
- Abigail Ross Goodman (2013), [Art for Rollins: The Alfond Collection of Contemporary Art. Volume I.] Cornell Fine Arts Museum
- Anne Stringfield (April, 2007), [www.vogue.com] The Dazzle; Teresita Fernandez Makes Art that is Structurally Elegant, Thoughtfully Compelling, and Absolutely Luminous
- Marina Popova (December 14, 2014), What It Really Takes to Be an Artist: MacArthur Genius Teresita Fernández's Magnificent Commencement Address Brain Pickings
- Norr, David (2009). Teresita Fernández: Blind Landscape. JRP Ringier. ISBN 3037640499.
- Things to Do: Mad. Sq. Art: Teresita Fernández
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