Tehrathum District

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Tehrathum District

तेह्रथुम
Terhathum district locator map.png
CountryNepal
ProvinceKirat State
Admin HQ.Myanglung
Government
 • TypeCoordination committee
 • BodyDCC, Tehrathum
Area
 • Total679 km2 (262 sq mi)
Population
(2001)
 • Total113,111
 • Density170/km2 (430/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5:45 (NPT)
Main Language(s)Limbu, Nepali, Kirat Rai
Websiteddctehrathum.gov.np


Tehrathum District (Nepali: तेह्रथुम जिल्लाAbout this soundListen ), is one of 14 districts of Kirat State of eastern Nepal. The district, with Myanglung as its district headquarters, covers an area of 679 km² and has a population (2001) of 113,111. The word Tehrathum is constructed from thirteen ("tehra") and "thum" (castle or fort). This can be spelled as Terathum, Tehrathum or Terhathum. The town supposedly is the site of one of a series of guard posts once protecting the territory of the Limbus (Kirat State). Therathum is a word also used to mention Myanglung Bazar which has the district headquarters of Tehrathum. Myanglung is onomatopoeic for the sound of a cat meowing and refers to an old tradition of a limbu temple (which remains today) in the town which had a resident cat. Myang means the cat voice and lung means stone. The stone still exists in Myanglung Bazaar at its gateway and is worshipped by the people entering bazaar.

Tehrathum district has many important natural as well as man-made sites that can be visited. There is a very renowned temple of Goddess Durga called Singabahini temple in middle of Myanglung Bazar. The highest waterfall of Nepal, Hyatung Falls is in Tehrathum district. Hyatung or Hyatrung Falls (Nepali: ह्यत्रुङ्ग झरना) is the highest waterfall in Nepal. It is located between Ishibu and Samdu VDCs of Terhathum District in Kosi Zone of eastern Nepal and has a height of 365 metres.

Black cardamom (Amomum sp.) is one of the major cash crops in Terhathum District.
Climate Zone[1] Elevation Range % of Area
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
24.0%
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
56.4%
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
19.5%

Usually, the climate of Terathum district is moderate.

Village development committees (VDCs) and Municipalities[edit]

Map of the VDCs in Terhathum District

Tehrathum comprises total 32 village development committees (VDCs) or local administrative divisions, with nine sub-divisions within each VDC called wards.

By the restructured in 2017, the district have 6 local bodies called Municipalities (Nagarpalika) and Rural Municipalities (Gaunpalika):

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°15′N 87°35′E / 27.250°N 87.583°E / 27.250; 87.583