Teriberka

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Teriberka (English)
Териберка (Russian)
-  Rural locality[1]  -
Selo[1]
Teriberka.jpg
View of Teriberka in 2016
Map of Russia - Murmansk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Murmansk Oblast in Russia
Teriberka is located in Murmansk Oblast
Teriberka
Teriberka
Location of Teriberka in Murmansk Oblast
Coordinates: 69°10′N 35°10′E / 69.167°N 35.167°E / 69.167; 35.167Coordinates: 69°10′N 35°10′E / 69.167°N 35.167°E / 69.167; 35.167
Administrative status (as of 2010)
Country Russia
Federal subject Murmansk Oblast[1]
Administrative district Kolsky District[1]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 957 inhabitants[2]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[3]
Postal code(s)[4] 184630
Dialing code(s) +7 81553[5]
Teriberka on Wikimedia Commons

Teriberka (Russian: Териберка) is a rural locality (a selo) in Kolsky District of Murmansk Oblast, Russia, located on the Barents Sea coast, at the mouth of the Teriberka River.

History[edit]

As a settlement, Teriberka was first mentioned approximately in 1523.[citation needed] Eyewitnesses from that time period confirmed the appearance of permanent Russian settlers. However, according to other sources, it was founded in the 1860s—the decade when the Murman coast was actively being settled.[6]

By the end of 19th century, it was well-developed: having a church, a lighthouse, and a weather station (the first one on the Murmansk coast).

Names of the geographical features of the area, such as Cape Deploranskogo, Zavalishina Lip, and others relate to the Peter's Great expedition.

In the beginning of the 20th century, Teriberka had well-developed cod and shark fishing businesses (undertaken mostly by the Norwegians who owned a factory and a store). By the end of the 1920s, the first collective farm was organized in the village; it included a dairy farm and a reindeer herd in addition to the fishing boats.

Before World War II, fishermen and dairy farm workers of the collective farm were honored several times for their achievements and were sent to the VDNKh in Moscow. A shipyard construction in the village of Lyudeyny started around the same time.

Teriberka developed quickly after the war. In the 1940s–1960s, there were two fishing farms, two dairy farms, a poultry farm, a 2000-head reindeer herd, an American mink breeding farm, and two fish processing facilities in the village, as well as shops and warehouses of the White Sea base of Goslov (a government-sponsored organization of skilled workers). Repair facilities of the shipyard were working at their full capacity and were being expanded. Active construction of housing and public organizations was underway. The village had a stadium, a community center, workers' clubs of the shipyard, a fish processing facility, a Young Pioneers club, two schools (elementary and secondary), a boarding school for children from the coastal settlements, one inpatient and one outpatient hospital, and an ambulance station.

Teriberka became the administrative center of a district and was growing and developing at a very fast rate.

The downfall began in the 1960s, when the district was transferred to the jurisdiction of the town of Severomorsk. As ship tonnage increased and fishing fleets were able to travel more easily in the open ocean, the coastal fishing business became less important. A newly constructed fish processing complex in Murmansk put smaller processing facilities in Teriberka out of business.

During the process of "enlargement", the collective farm "Murmanets" was abolished along with its mink farm. Goslov's White Sea base fell apart, the reindeer herd was transferred to the village of Lovozero, and the fish processing plant was shut down because large fishing vessels were not able to enter the river from the ocean.

In the 1980s, a school of salmon was destroyed during the construction of the Teriberka River hydroelectric plants. In the 2000s, the village was again subordinated to the district instead of the town of Severomorsk.

The 2014 Russian drama movie Leviathan, which won a Golden Globe in 2015, was filmed in Teriberka.[7]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d OKATO, Part 2. Code 47 205 805 001
  2. ^ Статистический сборник Численность, размещение и возрастно-половой состав населения Мурманской области. Итоги Всероссийской переписи населения. Том 1. 2012 / Федеральная служба государственной статистики, Территориальный орган Федеральной службы государственной статистики по Мурманской области. Мурманск, 2012 — 75 с.
  3. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  4. ^ Russian Post. Эталонный справочник индексов объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  5. ^ Народная энциклопедия городов и регионов России «Мой Город» (Russian)
  6. ^ Administrative-Territorial Division of Murmansk Oblast, p. 23
  7. ^ WeirdRussia.com Teriberka: Leviathan filming location

Sources[edit]

  • Архивный отдел Администрации Мурманской области. Государственный Архив Мурманской области. (1995). Административно-территориальное деление Мурманской области (1920-1993 гг.). Справочник. Мурманск: Мурманское издательско-полиграфическое предприятие "Север".