Terlan

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Terlan
Comune
Gemeinde Terlan
Comune di Terlano
View from Neuhaus Castle
View from Neuhaus Castle
Terlan is located in Italy
Terlan
Terlan
Location of Terlan in Italy
Coordinates: 46°32′N 11°15′E / 46.533°N 11.250°E / 46.533; 11.250Coordinates: 46°32′N 11°15′E / 46.533°N 11.250°E / 46.533; 11.250
Country Italy
Region Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Province / Metropolitan city South Tyrol (BZ)
Frazioni Siebeneich (Settequerce), Vilpian (Vilpiano)
Government
 • Mayor Klaus Runer (SVP)
Area
 • Total 18.7 km2 (7.2 sq mi)
Elevation 250 m (820 ft)
Population (Nov. 2010)
 • Total 4,128
 • Density 220/km2 (570/sq mi)
Demonym(s) German: Terlaner
Italian: terlanesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 39018
Dialing code 0471
Website Official website

Terlan (German pronunciation: [ˈtɛrlan]; Italian: Terlano [terˈlaːno]) is a comune (municipality) in South Tyrol in northern Italy.

Geography[edit]

The municipal area is situated within the Adige Valley, about 9 kilometres (6 mi) northwest of the city of Bolzano. Terlan is famous for its wine and asparagus production. It is the northernmost comune of the Überetsch-Unterland district, bordering the municipalities of Andrian, Eppan, Bolzano, Gargazon, Mölten, Nals, and Jenesien.

As of November 30, 2010, it had a population of 4,128 and an area of 18.7 square kilometres (7.2 sq mi).[1]

Frazioni[edit]

The municipality of Terlan contains the frazioni (subdivisions, mainly villages and hamlets) Siebeneich (Settequerce) and Vilpian (Vilpiano).

History[edit]

Neuhaus Castle ruins

The settlement of Torilan was first mentioned in a 923 deed of the Salzburg archbishops. About 1200, the Counts of Tyrol had Neuhaus Castle erected high above the Adige valley. The fortress was later held by the Gorizia-Tyrol dynasty and in the 19th century received the name Maultasch Castle, after Countess Margaret whose residencies are however not substantiated. Under the reign of the Habsburg archdukes Frederick IV and Sigismund of Austria, it was the centre of an important lead (galena) and silver mining area, including several furnaces and loading stations on the Adige river.

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The emblem show an open gate with guelph merlon of argent on gules background. It is the arms of Lord Niedertor who acquired the castle in 1397 and ruled the village until 1559 contributing in the building of the Parish church. The arms were granted in 1966 and decorate the church too.[2]

Society[edit]

Linguistic distribution[edit]

According to the 2011 census, 83.61% of the population speak German, 16.07% Italian and 0.32% Ladin as first language.[3]

Demographic evolution[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  2. ^ Heraldry of the World: Terlan
  3. ^ "Volkszählung 2011/Censimento della popolazione 2011". astat info. Provincial Statistics Institute of the Autonomous Province of South Tyrol (38): 6–7. June 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-14. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Terlan at Wikimedia Commons