Terma A/S

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Terma A/S
Industry Electronics, defense, aerospace
Founded 1949[1]
Key people
Jens Maaløe (CEO)
Products Aeronautics, Space, Surveillance & Mission Systems
Revenue DKK 1719 million (2016/2017)[2]
DKK 120 million (2016/2017)[2]
Number of employees
1257 (2016/2017)[2]
Website [3]

Terma A/S is a Danish defense and aerospace manufacturer for both civilian and military applications, and is owned by the Danish company Thrige Holding A/S. It is Denmark's largest company within the aerospace and defense industry employing approximately 1100 people worldwide.[3]

The company was founded in 1949 by Orla and Svend Aage Jørgensen, originally making thermometers and manometers for ships and a variety of metal components.[4] The group's international customers contribute more than 87% of Terma's total sales.[5][6]

Terma A/S headquarters are located in Lystrup near Århus, Denmark. In Denmark, other Terma facilities are located at Grenaa and Herlev. Terma international locations and operations include Leiden and Woensdrecht in the Netherlands; Darmstadt near Frankfurt, Germany; Harwell, UK; Singapore, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates and New Delhi, India. In 2004 the company opened an office in Warner Robins, Georgia. Today, the company's U.S. activities also include the Terma North America Inc. headquarters in Arlington, Virginia and offices in Fort Worth, Texas and Norfolk, Virginia.[7]

History[edit]

Terma was founded by the brothers Orla and Svend Aage Jørgensen in Aarhus, Denmark where the company made thermometers and had fewer than 10 employees.[8] In 1949 it was bought by Thorkild Juncker.[8] Juncker shifted Terma A/S in the direction of electronic measuring instruments and with the employment of a Norwegian engineer soon developed a radar that would prove to be competitive in both price and quality.[8] Within 6 years of buying Terma, Juncker was employing up to 120 people before his untimely death in 1955.[8] It was under Juncker's ownership and management that Terma developed into the company it is today.[8] Over a period of 20 years Terma A/S started developing radar- computer- and air defense systems and expanded to the European market and started producing missile systems.[9] The Thomas B. Thrige foundation took over the majority of the stocks in Terma A/S in 1980. In the late 1990s Terma A/S acquired Computer Resources International, a Danish aerospace and defense company as well as the Danish aircraft company Per Udsen Co. Aircraft. In 1999 the Danish Ørsted satellite was successfully launched with Terma A/S being the lead supplier on the project.[10] The satellite is the only Danish satellite launched into space. During the 2000s Terma A/S made agreements with Lockheed Martin to subcontract on the Joint Strike Fighter aircraft. Later, Terma was chosen to develop and produce several components and designs for the F-35 joint strike fighter, including the gun pod.[11]

Business areas and Products[edit]

Terma delivers parts and technologies for the F-35 Lightning
The power conditioning unit and solar panels of the Rosetta spacecraft is produced by Terma
Terma's radar systems are used around Horns Rev wind farm to avoid the turning blades of the turbines from appearing as objects

The business areas of Terma can be divided into the following categories: Aerostructures, Space, Defense, and Security & Surveillance:

Aerostructures[edit]

Terma Aerostructures A/S is headquartered in Grenaa, Denmark, focusing on design and manufacture of aerostructures for aerospace and defense companies.

Terma is a strategic supplier to the F-35 Lightning II, delivering a series of parts, components, and technologies to the fighter aircraft.[12] The company delivers leading edges through Lockheed Martin, composite tail parts through BAE Systems,[13] gun pods for the F-35B and C versions through General Dynamics,[14] as well as fuselage parts and electronics through Northrop Grumman Corporation.[15] All in all Terma delivers more than 70 parts for the F-35 Lightning II.

Space[edit]

Space (SPD), providing on-board electronics and software for satellites as well as control centres. Key focus areas are power conditioning systems and star trackers for satellites.

Power conditioning units[edit]

Terma delivers power conditioning systems to a series of major space products, including ESA's BepiColombo and Rosetta. In the case of BepiColombo, the power conditioning unit is the most powerful used on missions by the ESA with a capacity of 14 kW powered by solar energy on its destination planet Mercury.[16]

In the Rosetta project Terma has developed a 64 square meter solar panel providing power at down to 4 percent of the Earth's solar energy and at working temperatures down to -130 degrees Celsius.[17] The PCU delivers a bus power capability of 1500 watt at a weight of 8,3 kilo.[18][19]

Star trackers[edit]

Since 1999, Terma has manufactured Star Trackers for several scientific satellite missions including Cryosat 1, Cryosat-2, ADM-Aeolus, LISA Pathfinder, and Tacsat 1, 2 and 4.[20][21][22][23]

Atmosphere-Space Interactions Monitor (ASIM)[edit]

Terma is prime contractor for the ASIM observatory.[24] Terma is responsible for ensuring technical management of the project and for the coordination with ESA and subcontractors, and not least for delivering the ASIM observatory for handover to ESA, NASA, and SpaceX at Kennedy Space Center (KSC). ASIM was launched for the International Space Station (ISS) (2 April 2018),[25][26] and will be installed on the European Columbus-module of ISS in the beginning of 2018. ASIM will be used by scientists in order to study high-altitude electrical discharges, the so-called red sprites, blue jets, haloes, and elves, and monitor X-ray and Gamma-ray flashes.[27]

Defense[edit]

Terma produces C-Flex command and control systems for war ships including ships of the Danish, Lithuanian, Romanian and Thai Navy. The C-Flex systems and the Terma SCANTER radar systems are supplied to new-built ships such as the Royal Thai Navy Landing Docks, the Danish Absalon-Class Support Ships, and the Danish Iver Huitfeldt-class frigates as well as upgrades on ships in service, such as the Danish Thetis-Class and offshore patrol vessels.[28][29]

The company develops electronic warfare protection systems and 3D-audio systems as upgrades for the F-16 fighters of the Royal Danish Air Force. Additionally, Terma has supplied electronic warfare solutions for the EPAF countries and the U.S. Air National Guard for F-16, A-10, Tornado and Harrier aircraft. Terma develops aircraft survivability equipment for a variety of SAR and transportation helicopters,[30] including the 14 Royal Danish Air Force EH-101 Merlin helicopters in collaboration with Agusta Westland, and self-protection systems for the Royal Netherlands Air Force AH-64D and CH-47 Chinook helicopters.[31] The Terma Electronic Warfare Management Systems are fielded internationally on more than 2,000 fighter and transportation aircraft and helicopters.[32]

Terma A/S also produces Missile Warning Systems as an integral part of the electronic warfare solution for the F-16s of the Danish and Norwegian air forces, mounting the systems on pylons instead of the traditional fuselage installation.[33]

Security & Surveillance[edit]

The Terma SCANTER 5202 radar is used by coast guard services including the U.S. Coast Guard,[34] the Spanish Guardia Civil, the Columbian Coast Guard, the Norwegian Coast Guard, Port of London, and Port of Hong Kong to track marine vessels and aircraft,[35][36] while the Terma ET2 embedded tracker is developed to help track stealth objects or smaller objects in the presence of clutter.[37]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Terma A/S - Gyldendal - Den Store Danske". Denstoredanske.dk. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Terma Annual Report 2017". Terma.com. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  3. ^ Pike, John. "Denmark - Defense Industry". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  4. ^ "Børsen Karrierelink". Top1000.borsen.dk. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  5. ^ "Annual Report 2013/14". Terma.com. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  6. ^ "Terma investerer millioner i Grenaa". Stiften.dk. 6 April 2008. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  7. ^ "Locations". Terma.com. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  8. ^ a b c d e Svith, Morten. "Retsopgøret: Direktøren satsede lidt for meget på den tyske krigslykke". Stiften.dk. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-21. Retrieved 2014-08-21.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-21. Retrieved 2014-08-21.
  11. ^ "Denmark F-35 - F-35 Lightning II". F-35 Lightning II. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  12. ^ "Terma enters into F-35 Long-Term Agreement with BAE Systems". Asdnews.com. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  13. ^ "Terma Enters into F-35 Long-Term Agreement with BAE Systems - F-35 Lightning II". F-35 Lightning II. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  14. ^ "The Terma F35 Multi Mission Pod - Think Defence". Thinkdefence.co.uk. 7 October 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-03. Retrieved 2014-11-03.
  16. ^ "Dansk strømforsyning skal til Merkur". Esa.int. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  17. ^ "Rosetta - Gyldendal - Den Store Danske". Denstoredanske.dk. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  18. ^ Stage, Mie. "Terma-elektronik vækker rumsonde fra årelang dvale" Ingeniøren, 19 January 2014.
  19. ^ Jensen, H. & Laursen, J. "Power Conditioning Unit for Rosetta/Mars Express" Space Power, Proceedings of the Sixth European Conference held 6–10 May 2002 in Porto, Portugal. Edited by A. Wilson. European Space Agency, ESA SP-502, 2002., p.249 Bibliographic Code: 2002ESASP.502..249J
  20. ^ [1][permanent dead link]
  21. ^ "Attitude and orbit control systems for the LISA Pathfinder mission". Aerospace Science and Technology. 24: 283–294. doi:10.1016/j.ast.2011.12.002.
  22. ^ "CryoSat - eoPortal Directory - Satellite Missions". directory.eoportal.org. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  23. ^ "Aeolus - eoPortal Directory - Satellite Missions". directory.eoportal.org. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  24. ^ "ASIM: Danmarks største rumprojekt klar til opsendelse". videnskab.dk (in Danish). Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  25. ^ "Jubel over rumprojekt: Sætter Danmark på verdenskortet". DR (in Danish). Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  26. ^ "Historisk dansk rumprojekt sendt op i rummet". nyheder.tv2.dk (in Danish). 2018-04-02. Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  27. ^ "ASIM background information, facts and partners - DTU Space". space.dtu.dk. Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  28. ^ [2]
  29. ^ "ST Marine awarded contract to Terma for C-Series combat system for Royal Thai Navy's LPD". Defenseworld.net. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  30. ^ "Aircraft Survivability Equipment for Polish Mi-17 and Mi-24". Asdnews.com. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  31. ^ "Netherlands moves forward with their AH-64D Apache upgrade - Dutch Defence Press". Dutchdefencepress.com. 8 May 2013. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  32. ^ "Cloud Computing". Cloud-computing.tmcnet.com. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  33. ^ "Norway Selects Terma for Installation of Missile Warning System on F-16De". Defencetalk.com. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  34. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-30. Retrieved 2014-11-17.
  35. ^ "Colombia selects Scanter radars for coastal surveillance". Homelandsecurity-technology.com. 4 November 2013. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  36. ^ "Maritime Security 2013 West Focuses on Improving Port and Coastal Surveillance". Defense Media Network. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  37. ^ "Terma unveils ET2 embedded tracker for coastal surveillance". Homelandsecurity-technology.com. 3 September 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2018.

External links[edit]