Terminalia arjuna

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Terminalia arjuna
Fruit I IMG 9577.jpg
Arjuna fruit
Flowers with Sykes's warbler I IMG 1880.jpg
Arjuna flowers with a Sykes's warbler
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Combretaceae
Genus: Terminalia
Species: T. arjuna
Binomial name
Terminalia arjuna
(Roxb.) Wight & Arn.

Terminalia arjuna is a tree of the genus Terminalia. It is commonly known as arjuna[1] or arjun tree in English,[2] thella maddi in Telugu, kumbuk in Sinhala, and marudha maram in Tamil.


The arjuna is about 20–25 metres tall; usually has a buttressed trunk, and forms a wide canopy at the crown, from which branches drop downwards. It has oblong, conical leaves which are green on the top and brown below; smooth, grey bark; it has pale yellow flowers which appear between March and June; its glabrous, 2.5 to 5 cm fibrous woody fruit, divided into five wings, appears between September and November.[1][2]

Terminalia arjuna in Bagh-e-Jinnah, Lahore

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The arjuna is usually found growing on river banks or near dry river beds in Bangladesh, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh,West Bengal and south and central India.[1][3] It is known as matthimara in Kannada, neer maruthu in Malayalam 'marutha maram' (marutham pattai) in Tamil,[4][5] thella maddi (తెల్ల మద్ది) in Telugu and kohda in Rajasthan.


Silk production[edit]

The arjuna is one of the species whose leaves are fed on by the Antheraea paphia moth which produces the tassar silk, a wild silk of commercial importance.[6]

Alternative medicine[edit]

The arjuna was introduced into Ayurveda as a treatment for heart disease by Vagbhata (c. 7th century CE).[7] It is traditionally prepared as a milk decoction.[7] In the Ashtānga Hridayam, but was also mentioned in many ancient indian vedas, and was a known practice for thousands of years, passed down by tradition, before vagbhata mentioned it in his writings. Vagbhata mentions arjuna in the treatment of wounds, hemorrhages and ulcers, applied topically as a powder. Arjuna is an excellent medicine for Heart, it has the capability to even reduce heart failure.[7][8][9]

Only 5 Grams A Day, Works Wonders – Prevents Heart Attack, Lowers Bad Cholesterol And Accelerates Wound Healing

the Arjuna plant (lat. Terminalia Arjuna) has traditionally been used to treat heart disease for centuries, which is why it got the nickname “Guardian of the heart.” It’s named after the hero of the famous epic “Mahabharata”, because of its protective effects. Arjuna is an evergreen tree of the Combretaceae family, which grows along the rivers of West Bengal in the drained beds of central and southern India. In Ayurveda,it’s considered a sacred plant.

The Composition Of Arjuna Arjuna bark contains arjunic acid, tannic acid, tannins, saponins, flavonoids and gallic acid. It’s rich in calcium, magnesium, zinc and copper.It also contains a lot of phytosterols, biologically active compounds, which are now increasingly studied because of their positive effects in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Flavonoids are active phytonutrients that have a positive effect on health. They help reduce inflammation and affect cognitive function, improve heart and blood vessels, and are increasingly being studied for their action in the prevention of cancer.

Arjuna – The Perfect Tonic For The Heart Although there are many plants that have a positive effect on cardiovascular diseases, Arjuna is referred to as the best natural remedy for its number of active components. Many use Arjuna for the treatment of circulatory problems and arrhythmia. It’s also used to reduce chest pain and other symptoms of high blood pressure. Arjuna significantly alleviates symptoms of angina and decreases the frequency of attacks by 80%. Studies have shown that Arjuna prevents heart attacks, even when used in parallel with diuretics and drugs that dilate blood vessels. Arjuna protects the heart muscle from weakening and atrophy and helps supply the heart with oxygen. It strengthens and improves tissues after surgery or heart attack. Thanks to the phytosterols, Arjuna effectively reduces the level of bad cholesterol, breaking down deposits in the blood vessels.

Other Medical Properties Of Arjuna This plant is also used to treat kidney, liver and gall bladder problems. Arjuna tea is traditionally used to relieve pain in the kidneys and to break kidney stones, as well as for protection of liver cirrhosis. Arjuna also protects the DNA from damage, and helps to reduce stress and anxiety.

In Buddhism[edit]

In Theravada Buddhism, arjuna is said to have used as the tree for achieved enlightenment, or Bodhi by tenth Lord Buddha called "Anomadassi - අනෝමදස්සී". The plant is known as කුඹුක් (kumbuk) in Sinhala in Sri Lanka.


  1. ^ a b c Biswas, Moulisha; Biswas, Kaushik; Karan, Tarun K; Bhattacharya, Sanjib; Ghosh, Ashoke K; Haldar, Pallab K (2011). "Evaluation of analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of Terminalia arjuna leaf". Journal of Phytology 3 (1): 33–8. 
  2. ^ a b "Arjun Tree". Eco India. 
  3. ^ Rastogī, Rekhā (2008). Let Us Identify The Useful Trees(New). Children's Book Trust. p. 7,8. 
  5. ^ "Terminalia arjuna prevents any heart disease". 
  6. ^ M.P. Shiva, NWFP, & EC-FAO Partnership Programme. "Non-wood forest products In 15 countries of Tropical Asia". Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 
  7. ^ a b c "Arjuna". Todd Caldecott. Retrieved 2012-11-26. 
  8. ^ Bharani A, Ganguly A, Bhargava KD (May 1995). "Salutary effect of Terminalia Arjuna in patients with severe refractory heart failure". International Journal of Cardiology 49 (3): 191–9. doi:10.1016/0167-5273(95)02320-V. PMID 7649665. 
  9. ^ Dwivedi S, Jauhari R (1997). "Beneficial effects of Terminalia arjuna in coronary artery disease". Indian Heart Journal 49 (5): 507–10. PMID 9505018. 

External links[edit]

  • Dwivedi S (November 2007). "Terminalia arjuna Wight & Arn.—A useful drug for cardiovascular disorders". Journal of Ethnopharmacology 114 (2): 114–29. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2007.08.003. PMID 17875376. 
  • Karthikeyan K, Bai BR, Gauthaman K, Sathish KS, Devaraj SN (October 2003). "Cardioprotective effect of the alcoholic extract of Terminalia arjuna bark in an in vivo model of myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury". Life Sciences 73 (21): 2727–39. doi:10.1016/S0024-3205(03)00671-4. PMID 13679240.