Terminalia macroptera

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Terminalia macroptera
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Combretaceae
Genus: Terminalia
Species: T. macroptera
Binomial name
Terminalia macroptera
Guill. & Perr.

Terminalia macroptera is a species of flowering plant in the Combretaceae known by the Hausa common name kwandari. It is native to Africa, where it can be found in Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Senegal, Sudan, Uganda, and Nigeria.[1]

This species is used medicinally in several African countries. It is used to treat infectious diseases,[2] tuberculosis, hepatitis,[3] and dysentery.[1] Extracts of the plant have shown activity against Helicobacter pylori[4] and Neisseria gonorrhoeae.[5]

Parts of the plant are also used to make dye and perfumes.[1]

The leaves contain chlorogenic acid, quercetin, isoorientin, the ellagitannins chebulagic acid, chebulinic acid, punicalagin, and terflavin A, gallic and ellagic acids. Different methylated ellagic acid derivatives and the triterpenoid terminolic acid can be found in the heartwood. The plant also contains the hydrolyzable tannins isoterchebulin and 4,6-O-isoterchebuloyl-d-glucose, having a tetraphenylic acid moiety (isoterchebulic acid).[6]


  1. ^ a b c Ibrahim H (2005). "Pharmacognostic studies of the leaves of terminalia macroptera". Nigerian Journal of Natural Products and Medicine. 9: 14–18. doi:10.4314/njnpm.v9i1.11826. 
  2. ^ Silva O, Duarte A, Pimentel M, Viegas S, Barroso H, Machado J, Pires I, Cabrita J, Gomes E (1997). "Antimicrobial activity of Terminalia macroptera root". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 57 (3): 203–7. doi:10.1016/s0378-8741(97)00068-8. PMID 9292414. 
  3. ^ Pham AT, Dvergsnes C, Togola A, Wangensteen H, Diallo D, Paulsen BS, Malterud KE (2011). "Terminalia macroptera, its current medicinal use and future perspectives". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 137 (3): 1486–91. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2011.08.029. PMID 21884779. 
  4. ^ Silva O, Viegas S, De Mello-Sampayo C, Costa M, Serrano R, Cabrita J, Gomes ET (2012). "Anti-Helicobacter pylori activity of Terminalia macroptera root". Fitoterapia. 83 (5): 872–6. doi:10.1016/j.fitote.2012.03.019. PMID 22465506. 
  5. ^ Silva O, Ferreira E, Pato M, Caniça M, Gomes ET (2002). "In vitro anti-Neisseria gonorrhoeae activity of Terminalia macroptera leaves". FEMS Microbiology Letters. 211 (2): 203–6. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6968.2002.tb11225.x. PMID 12076813. 
  6. ^ Isoterchebulin and 4,6-O-Isoterchebuloyl-d-glucose, Novel Hydrolyzable Tannins from Terminalia macroptera. Jürgen Conrad, Bernhard Vogler, Sabine Reeb, Iris Klaiber, Stefan Papajewski, Gudrun Roos, Erlinda Vasquez, Mary C. Setzer and Wolfgang Kraus, J. Nat. Prod., 2001, volume 64, issue 3, pages 294–299, doi:10.1021/np000506v

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