Terminalia microcarpa

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Terminalia microcarpa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Combretaceae
Genus: Terminalia
Species: T. microcarpa
Binomial name
Terminalia microcarpa
Decne.
Synonyms

Terminalia sericocarpa F.Muell.

Terminalia microcarpa is a tree species in the family Combretaceae. It occurs in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea and Australia.[1][2]

The species was formally described in 1834 by French botanist Joseph Decaisne. In the Australian Plant Census, Terminalia sericocarpa F.Muell. is regarded as a synonym of this species.[1] Common names in Australia include bandicoot, sovereignwood, damson and damson plum.[3] It is known as kalumpit in the Philippines.[4]

The tree typically grows to a height of 12 to 30 metres (39 to 98 ft) in height and is deciduous. It blooms between September and October producing cream flowers.[5]

It is found around springs and creeks and in rocky creek beds in the Kimberley region of Western Australia[5] and extending across the top end of the Northern Territory and tropical areas of Queensland growing in sandy-loam-clay soils.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Terminalia microcarpa". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  2. ^ "Taxon: Terminalia microcarpa Decne.". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  3. ^ Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al. (Dec 2010). "Factsheet – Terminalia sericocarpa". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants. Edition 6.1, online version [RFK 6.1]. Cairns, Australia: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), through its Division of Plant Industry; the Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research; the Australian Tropical Herbarium, James Cook University. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Kalumpit, Terminalia microcrpa, Batangas Cherry: Philippine Medicinal Herbs / Philippine Alternative Medicine". www.stuartxchange.org. Retrieved 2017-03-10. 
  5. ^ a b "Terminalia microcarpa". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.