Termination of Employment Convention, 1982

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Termination of Employment Convention, 1982
ILO Convention
Date of adoption June 22, 1982
Date in force November 23, 1985
Classification Termination of Employment - Dismissal
Subject Employment security
Previous Maintenance of Social Security Rights Convention, 1982
Next Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment (Disabled Persons) Convention, 1983

Termination of Employment Convention, 1982 is an International Labour Organization Convention. Its purpose is to coordinate minimum levels of job security in the laws of ILO member states.


  • art 2, establishes the scope and says short fixed term, probationary or casual workers may be excluded
  • art 3, defines termination as at the initiative of the employer
  • art 4, says the employer must have a valid reason for termination based on "the capacity or conduct of the worker or based on the operational requirements of the undertaking, establishment or service"
  • art 5, prohibits membership of a union, being a representative, seeking to assert a working right, or any discrimination based reason as becoming a valid reason.
  • art 6, temporary absence or sickness is not a reason
  • art 7, requires a minimum procedure for any disciplinary based dismissal where a worker has a chance to defend himself or herself
  • arts 8-10, require a procedure where a worker can appeal against a termination to an impartial authority
  • art 11, requires a reasonable period of notice before termination
  • art 12, requires redundancy or severance pay for income protection
  • art 13, requires consultation of worker representatives before collective redundancies


As of 2013, 36 states have ratified the convention. One of these states—Brazil—has subsequently denounced the treaty.

Country Date Status
Antigua and Barbuda 16:09:2002 ratified
Australia 26:02:1993 ratified
Bosnia and Herzegovina 02:06:1993 ratified
Brazil 05:01:1995 denounced on 20:11:1996
Cameroon 13:05:1988 ratified
Central African Republic 05:06:2006 ratified
Democratic Republic of the Congo 03:04:1987 ratified
Cyprus 05:07:1985 ratified
Ethiopia 28:01:1991 ratified
Finland 30:06:1992 ratified
France 16:03:1989 ratified
Gabon 06:12:1988 ratified
Latvia 25:08:1994 ratified
Lesotho 14:06:2001 ratified
Luxembourg 21:03:2001 ratified
The Republic of Macedonia 17:11:1991 ratified
Malawi 01:10:1986 ratified
Republic of Moldova 14:02:1997 ratified
Montenegro 03:06:2006 ratified
Morocco 07:10:1993 ratified
Namibia 28:06:1996 ratified
Niger 05:06:1985 ratified
Papua New Guinea 02:06:2000 ratified
Portugal 27:11:1995 ratified
Saint Lucia 06:12:2000 ratified
Serbia 24:11:2000 ratified
Slovakia 22:02:2010 ratified
Slovenia 29:05:1992 ratified
Spain 26:04:1985 ratified
Sweden 20:06:1983 ratified
Turkey 04:01:1995 ratified
Uganda 18:07:1990 ratified
Ukraine 16:05:1994 ratified
Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela 06:05:1985 ratified
Yemen 13:03:1989 ratified
Zambia 09:02:1990 ratified

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