Terpinen-4-ol

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Terpinen-4-ol
Terpinen-4-ol.svg
Identifiers
562-74-3 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL507795 YesY
ChemSpider 10756 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image
MeSH terpinenol-4
PubChem 11230
UNII L65MV77ZG6 YesY
Properties
C10H18O
Molar mass 154.25 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Terpinen-4-ol is a terpene with a molecular weight of 154.249. It has an antibacterial and antifungal effect.

It is considered the primary active ingredient of tea tree oil.[1] It is also the compound of highest concentration in the essential oil of nutmeg.[citation needed]

Terpinen-4-ol occurs in Juniperus communis and is thought to be the reason why this wood is highly resistant to rot. Norwegian farmers used to exploit this by making fence poles out of juniper. The concentration is higher in the alpine subspecies of juniper, but occurs in both subspecies.

Additional images[edit]

Synthesis

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammer, K. A.; Carson, C. F.; Riley, T. V. (2012). "Effects of Melaleuca alternifolia (Tea Tree) Essential Oil and the Major Monoterpene Component Terpinen-4-ol on the Development of Single- and Multistep Antibiotic Resistance and Antimicrobial Susceptibility". Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 56 (2): 909–915. doi:10.1128/AAC.05741-11. PMC 3264233. PMID 22083482.