Terranigma

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Terranigma
Terranigma PAL release.jpg
Australian box art
Developer(s)Quintet
Publisher(s)
Director(s)Tomoyoshi Miyazaki
Producer(s)Masaya Hashimoto
Shinji Futami
Jun Toda
Designer(s)Tomoyoshi Miyazaki
Artist(s)Kamui Fujiwara
Writer(s)Tomoyoshi Miyazaki
Reiko Takebayashi
Composer(s)Miyoko Takaoka
Masanori Hikichi
Platform(s)Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Release
  • JP: October 20, 1995
  • PAL: December 19, 1996
Genre(s)Action role-playing game
Mode(s)Single-player

Terranigma[a] is a 1995 action role-playing game for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System developed by Quintet. Manga artist Kamui Fujiwara is credited with the character designs. The game tells the story of the Earth's resurrection by the hands of a boy named Ark, and its progress from the evolution of life to the present day.

It was published by Enix in Japan before Nintendo localized the game and released English, German, French and Spanish versions in Europe and Australia. The game has never been officially released in North America.

Gameplay[edit]

Ark fights enemies in the first dungeon area.

The game keeps a top-down perspective view of the world and utilizes an action-based real-time battle system that allows the player to perform different techniques depending on whether the protagonist is running, jumping, attacking, or using a combination of these three actions.[2] Each attack is meant for dealing more damage to certain kinds of enemies, though in most cases there is little to no difference regardless of the technique used. Projectiles launched at Ark can be blocked by the guard technique, which is otherwise ineffective against melee attacks.[2]

With each victory, experience points are gained, increasing the protagonist's level and his maximum hit points, strength, defense, and luck.[2] Slain enemies sometimes leave behind gems which can be used to buy weapons, armors, healing items, and spells.[2] There are no magic points in the game, all spells take the form of one-time use items instead. The player must collect Magirocks and take them to a magic shop to have them transformed into magic rings and summon medals.[2] Those items are used up when casting the corresponding spell and then turn back to Magirocks which may be exchanged for new spells again. Upon defeating bosses and completing miscellaneous tasks, new types of magic become available.

Plot[edit]

Setting[edit]

In Terranigma, the planet is portrayed as a hollow sphere (though the map in the game is mathematically a torus) that has both an external and internal face.[3] Since the beginning of the Earth, the external Lightside, the surface world, stood for growth whereas the internal Darkside, the under world, represented decline.[4] Over the course of billions of years, these two forces came to be called God and Devil.[4] Regardless of this inner antagonism, rapid progress took root and primitive life forms evolved to plants, animals, and humans. Technology and industry further expanded civilization, but the fight between God and the Devil was still taking place, more fiercely than ever. The conflict culminated in a final battle in Antarctica, on the surface world. However, neither of the two forces were victorious. The continents of the surface world submerged into the sea and the under world was sealed away.

Story[edit]

The first chapter of the game, "The Outset," introduces Ark, a mischievous boy who lives in Crysta, the only village in the under world.[5] After opening a forbidden door and touching a mysterious box containing a friendly demon named Yomi, every citizen in the village is frozen. The only person not affected by the curse, the Elder, guides him to resurrect the continents of the surface world in order to unfreeze the people. A way out of his hometown appears, and for the first time ever, a human being leaves Crysta to explore the under world, which is portrayed as a frozen wasteland of imposing crystal mountains, crossed by rivers of magma. He conquers the trials of the five towers, each representing one continent, and revives the mainland of the Earth. Upon returning to his hometown, the Elder instructs him to travel to the surface world and to resurrect all living beings. With a heavy heart, Ark says goodbye to his lifelong devoted friend Elle and sets out to the Lightside.[6]

In the second chapter, "Resurrection of the World," after having crossed a dimensional crevasse, Ark is confronted with the barren land that was once the Earth's surface. His first task is to free the giant tree Ra from a parasite that is afflicting him. This causes the resurrection of all plants in the world, helping Ark to cross the mountains of Guiana. He travels further into the world, reviving birds, the wind, animals, and eventually mankind.

In the third chapter, "Resurrection of the Genius," the Elder appears to Ark in a dream and tells him to keep helping humanity grow, as the world is still in the fledgling stages. He continues his journey, traveling and expanding cities, assisting with the invention of groundbreaking technologies, and also—much to his surprise—encountering a Lightside twin of Elle, who lives as the adopted daughter of a French king but was rendered mute by a traumatic event in her childhood. Ark manages to break this condition, and although Princess Elle at first stays away from Ark, she begins to grow close to him.

In continuing to follow the Elder's commands, Ark ultimately awakes the ingenious Beruga, a scientist who survived the destruction of the previous world by hiding himself in a cryogenic sleep. Beruga provides Ark with an insight into his personal image of paradise: A perfect world where all insignificant life is killed with a virus named Asmodeus and everyone else is made immortal by turning them into zombies.[7] Ark tries to attack Beruga after this revealing twist but is stopped by robots, injuring him severely in the process.

The Elder once again appears to him, saying that his mission is fulfilled and he may now pass away. Ark realizes that he's been used by Dark Gaia (the "Devil"), whose plans of world domination required Ark to resurrect the planet. Just as he is about to die, Kumari, a wise human who watched the world's growth through reincarnation, teleports Ark out of Beruga's laboratory. He then instructs him to go search the five Starstones and to lay them at the grave at Time's End in order to call the Golden Child. Ark obtains the stones one after another and sets them into skull statues at Dryvale, the location at the South Pole where the final confrontation between God and the Devil once took place. This leads to the appearance of Ark's Lightside self; the person Dark Gaia used to create Ark himself. His Lightside self reveals to him that he, the underworld Ark, is the legendary hero and then kills him.[8]

However, in the fourth and final chapter, "Resurrection of the Hero," Ark is reborn as a baby through the soul of the surface world, Light Gaia. He is kidnapped by Darkside Elle, who was led there by Yomi to eliminate a threat to Crysta. When she realizes this threat is actually Ark, she allows him to awaken as the legendary hero and grow back into an adult in the process. Yomi then decides to kill Ark by himself and reveals he has been working for Dark Gaia all along. He fails, as Darkside Elle sacrifices herself to kill Yomi and save Ark's life.[6]

Afterwards, Ark departs to defeat Beruga. After he conquers the professor, he returns to the underworld to defeat Dark Gaia. The victory over that entity brings forth the destruction of the Darkside. In the end, Ark realizes that as a creation of Dark Gaia, he, along with the village of Crysta and the underworld, shall now vanish with the Devil's demise, though it is implied he and his loved ones in Crysta will be reincarnated. He goes to sleep, after being told by Light Gaia that he, as creator and defender, is what the humans would call a god. Ark's last dream pictures him as a bird flying above the world that he helped to exist, watching it grow older.[9] An epilogue plays which shows Lightside Elle at her original home. There is a knock at the door, and she answers it. The game then ends.

Development[edit]

Terranigma was developed by the Japanese company Quintet, which had previously designed creation-themed Super NES games such as ActRaiser and Soul Blazer.[10] It is considered to be part of an unofficial trilogy with the games Illusion of Gaia and Soul Blazer.[11] Publisher Enix commissioned the developers as a subcontractor and decided for the title to be an action role-playing game for strategic reasons, based on Quintet's experience in that particular genre and the good reception of their earlier games by Japanese players.[10] The theme of creation prevalent in Terranigma was introduced as a contrast to the destruction of enemies in other action titles, and to inspire the player's imagination concerning the effects their actions might have.[10] The script was written by director and designer Tomoyoshi Miyazaki, the founder of Quintet, with the scenario provided by Reiko Takebayashi.[9] Tatsuo Hashimoto created the computer graphics cover art and also rendered the background images for the resurrection scenes.[9][12] The music of Terranigma was composed by Miyoko Takaoka and Masanori Hikichi, the latter of whom was responsible for the design of the sounds as well.[13][14][15] The English scripts of the game used in the European and Australian releases by Nintendo were translated by Colin Palmer, Dan Owsen, Hiro Nakamura and Nob Ogasawara.[9][16]

Release[edit]

The game was released in Japan on October 20, 1995 for the Super Famicom.[17] Terranigma wound up never being published in North America because Enix had already closed its US subsidiary by the time the localization was finished.[18]

Terranigma was released alongside several pieces of merchandise in Japan, including an official guide book, a world atlas, a novel by Saori Kumi, a novelization by Norio Nakai titled Logout Bunko Tenchi Sōzō, a gamebook featuring artwork by character designer Kamui Fujiwara,[9] and the two volume manga Gangan Fantasy Comics: Tenchi Sōzō by Mamiko Yasaka.[19][20] Except for the guide book, none of these materials have been released outside Japan, though in Germany, Club Nintendo published a 32-page comic illustrating scenes from the game up to the events of the third chapter.[21]

A Japanese soundtrack album titled Tenchi Sōzō Creative Soundtracks with 33 compositions was released by Kitty Enterprises on October 25, 1995.[13] The first six tracks are arranged versions of the game's music.[13]

Reception[edit]

Terranigma garnered acclaim from critics, with GameFan's Kei Kuboki describing it as Quintet's "best (...) effort" and being "among the [Super NES's] most memorable titles".[10] The game holds a 74.14% rating based on seven reviews at review aggregator GameRankings,[22] and was awarded the "Silver Hall of Fame" award from Famitsu.[17] It received a 23.3 out of 30 score in a public poll taken by Family Computer Magazine.[32] Quintet reported that 200,000 copies were sold in Japan.[33]

Famitsu's four reviewers gave Terranigma a 30 out of 40 score.[17] MAN!AC's Robert Bannert praised its atmospheric world, characters, stereo soundtrack, map design and sophisticated controls, regarding it as a "good game in the Japanese action-adventure tradition."[26] Total!'s Michael Anton commended its varied locations, soundtrack, ease of play and plot but several aspects such as the difficulty level were criticized. Nevertheless, Anton recommended the title for fans of the action-adventure genre, stating that "it would tide over fans until the release of Lufia II."[29] Computer and Video Games's Paul Davies gave high remarks to its controls, artwork, music, presentation and storytelling, regarding it as an outstanding addition to the SNES' action-adventure role-playing game library "with a powerful message."[23] Mega Fun's Rene Schneider gave positive comments to the graphics, music, controls and technical performance but criticized the game's strategy guide for revealing many of the puzzles, lowering its fun factor.[27] Video Games' Jan Schweinitz regarded it as a "worthy successor" to Zelda III.[30]

Superjuegos's Marcos García also regarded Terranigma as one of the best and most ambitious action role-playing games for SNES, stating that it surpasses Illusion of Time and Secret of Evermore. García commended the Spanish translation, visual quality, graphical effects and epic soundtrack.[34] Hobby Consolas's Roberto Lorente praised its mix of action and role-playing elements, stating that it surpasses Zelda while capturing its spirit. Lorente also gave high remarks to the Mode 7 maps, audio, controls and absorbing plot.[24] Nintendo Acción's Javier Abad gave very positive comments to the varied scenery, carefully crafted plot involving secondary storylines and freedom of movement but criticized its dungeon maps.[31] Joypad's Grégoire Hellot regarded the game to be interesting and entertaining, stating that "Zelda fans will be in for a treat."[25] Player One's Christophe Pottier also stated that the game was excellent and "technically perfect" presentation-wise.[28] Both Hellot and Pottier recognized its quality but panned the late French release date, stating that it should have been published before Final Fantasy VII.[25][28]

Retrospective coverage[edit]

Terranigma continues to be regarded as one of the best action role-playing games of its era.[6][35] RPGFan's Jeremy Tan considered it as "one of Enix's greatest Action RPG games ever", praising the fast-paced combat system, visual presentation, varied soundtrack and simple controls but lamented the lack of a North American release.[36] 1Up.com's Jeremy Parish described it as Quintet's best-known Super Nintendo action-RPG, noting the quality of the gameplay, music and deep story themes.[18] Nintendo Life's Corbie Dillard highly commended its easy-to-pick-up controls, graphics, emotional music score, sense of scale and evolving plot, stating that "Terranigma is among the finest action role-playing titles ever crafted, possibly even the finest, and a game that absolutely no RPG fan should miss."[37] Jeuxvideo.com's Zashy regarded its graphical effects as among the most beautiful on SNES while giving positive remarks to the playability, longevity, soundtrack and storyline. Zashy noted that its difficulty can put some players off but nevertheless claimed that it "Terranigma will undoubtedly remain the title that marked the end of the reign of SNES in the most poetic way possible."[38]

RPGamer's Mike Moehnke noted its narrative to be intersting on a consistent basis and praised the varied locations, fast combat system and audiovisual presentation but criticized the low difficulty level and unnecessary magic system. Moehnke also questioned the lack of a North American release but regarded Terranigma as "Quintet's final hurrah on the SNES" nevertheless.[39] USgamer's Nadia Oxford concurred and expressed disappointment with the lack of an official North American release due to the closure of Enix's branch in the region and lack of a Virtual Console re-release but described its the music as "one of the best soundtracks on the SNES".[40] Hardcore Gaming 101's David DiRienzo also agreed with the lack of a North American localization but regarded Terranigma as "the best of" both Soul Blazer and Illusion of Gaia, commending its less restrictive design, Zelda-style dungeon maps, refined gameplay mechanics and music score but criticized the inconsistent visual presentation, cubersome magic system and certain aspects of its plot. Regardless, DiRienzo stated that the title was "one of the better action RPGs on SNES, though it could've used some polish."[41]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Also known as Tenchi Sōzō (Japanese: 天地創造, lit. "The Creation of Heaven and Earth") in Japan.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Quintet Game Library" (in Japanese). Quintet. 1997. Archived from the original on 2007-06-22. Retrieved 2021-04-08.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Ark's Actions". Terranigma Instruction Booklet. Nintendo of Europe. December 19, 1996. pp. 16–20.
  3. ^ Quintet Co., Ltd (December 19, 1996). Terranigma. Nintendo of Europe. The planet possessed two souls. An external face and an internal face. Lightside and Darkside.
  4. ^ a b Quintet Co., Ltd (October 20, 1995). Tenchi Sōzō (in Japanese). Enix Corporation. この星が生まれてからの46億年という年月は・・・大いなる二つの意志によって進化と衰退をくり返している。ライトサイドの意志で新たな生命が生まれ・・・ダークサイドの意志で氷河期が訪れる・・・ライトサイドの意志で道具を使う生命が生まれ、新たな技術が次々と作られていく・・・ダークサイドの意志によってひずみが生まれ、その犠牲者が出る・・・人類はその二つの意志をそれぞれ「神」と「悪魔」という名で呼んだ・・・ / 4.6 billion years after the planet was born, evolution and decline repeat by reason of two great wills. At the will of the Lightside, new life is born. At the will of the Darkside, ice ages come. At the will of the Lightside, life using tools are born, and new technologies are developed one after another. At the will of the Darkside, wrongdoing is born, and it claims its victims. Humanity comes to call these two wills by the names "God" and "Devil".
  5. ^ "Prolog Story". Terranigma Instruction Booklet. Nintendo of Europe. December 19, 1996. p. 4.
  6. ^ a b c Tieryas, Peter (December 26, 2020). "The Brilliant 16-Bit JRPG About The Death And Rebirth Of The World". Kotaku. G/O Media. Archived from the original on 2021-04-07. Retrieved 2020-12-29.
  7. ^ Quintet Co., Ltd (December 19, 1996). Terranigma. Nintendo of Europe. Beruga: I created this life. Isn't it beautiful? With this system, people can live forever. Death is no longer fearful. Talk to the zombie in the nutrient bath.
  8. ^ Quintet Co., Ltd (December 19, 1996). Terranigma. Nintendo of Europe. Voice: You survived countless encounters with danger. However injured you were in fighting, you never did die. Do you know why? It is because you are the legendary hero... I represent the Lightside. And you represent the Darkside.
  9. ^ a b c d e Quintet Co., Ltd (December 19, 1996). Terranigma. Nintendo of Europe. Scene: staff credits.
  10. ^ a b c d Kuboki, Kei (January 1997). "Japan Now - Interviews: Quintet (GDNET)". GameFan. Vol. 5 no. 1. Metropolis Media. p. 122.
  11. ^ Nickel, Thomas (2017-02-21). "Zelda? Nein danke! - Abenteuerliche Alternativen – Seite 5 von 12". MANIAC.de (in German). Retrieved 2019-05-15.
  12. ^ Quintet Co., Ltd (December 19, 1996). Terranigma. Nintendo of Europe. H-moto-san: The beautiful resurrection scenes were made here.
  13. ^ a b c Tenchi Sōzō Creative Soundtracks (Media notes). Kitty Enterprises, Inc. 1995. KTCR-1344.
  14. ^ "スタッフインタビュー2/サウンド課・曳地(ひきち)正則さんの巻". Quintet Co., Ltd. June 29, 1997. Archived from the original on January 19, 1998.
  15. ^ Takaoka, Miyoko (2019). "Discography - ▢CUBE在籍時". うさぎと手仕事と音楽と (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2019-11-10. Retrieved 2021-04-08.
  16. ^ King, Austin (October 24, 2020). "Dragon Quest Translation & Localization: Interview With Nob Ogasawara". Austin's "Dragon Quest" Quest. Geek to Geek Media. Archived from the original on 2020-10-28. Retrieved 2020-11-01.
  17. ^ a b c d e "NEW GAMES CROSS REVIEW: 天地創造". Famitsu (in Japanese). No. 358. ASCII Corporation. October 27, 1995. p. 29. Retrieved 2021-04-07.
  18. ^ a b Jeremy Parish; Ray Barnholt; Chris Kohler; Scott Sharkey (March 1, 2007). "Retronauts Dances on Bubsy's Grave (Mascot characters are gone, but who needs 'em?) - Retronauts Episode 14: Death of the Mascot" (mp3). 1Up.com (Podcast). Ziff Davis. Event occurs at 61:05. Archived from the original on 2011-06-29. Retrieved 2011-03-08.
  19. ^ "Quintet Goods 攻略本". Quintet Co., Ltd. Archived from the original on March 6, 2005.
  20. ^ "Quintet Goods 漫画・小説等". Quintet Co., Ltd. Archived from the original on August 15, 2004.
  21. ^ "Terranigma-Comic". Club Nintendo Sonderausgabe (in German). Nintendo of Europe (4). November 1996.
  22. ^ a b "Terranigma for Super Nintendo". GameRankings. CBS Interactive. 2019. Archived from the original on 2017-05-14. Retrieved 2021-04-07.
  23. ^ a b Davies, Paul (February 1997). "CVG Review - Terranigma". Computer and Video Games. No. 183. EMAP. pp. 60–61.
  24. ^ a b Lorente, Roberto (April 1997). "Novedades: Terranigma – El mundo entero está a tus piés". Hobby Consolas (in Spanish). No. 67. Hobby Press. pp. 56–59.
  25. ^ a b c Hellot, Grégoire (February 1998). "Test - Zapping (Europe): Terranigma". Joypad [fr] (in French). No. 72. Yellow Media [fr]. p. 122.
  26. ^ a b Bannert, Robert (November 1996). "Test: Terranigma". MAN!AC [de] (in German). No. 37. Cybermedia. p. 76.
  27. ^ a b Schneider, Rene (February 1997). "Test Super Nintendo: Terranigma". Mega Fun (in German). No. 53. Computec. p. 80.
  28. ^ a b c Pottier, Christophe (January 1998). "Tests: Terranigma". Player One [fr] (in French). No. 82. Média Système Édition [fr]. p. 109.
  29. ^ a b Anton, Michael (January 1997). "Test: Terranigma". Total! (in German). No. 43. X-Plain-Verlag. pp. 28-29, 30-31, 32-33.
  30. ^ a b Schweinitz, Jan (February 1997). "Reviews: Neue Romantik - Terranigma". Video Games [de] (in German). No. 63. Magna Media. pp. 96–97.
  31. ^ a b Abad, Javier (April 1997). "Super Stars: Simplemente, el mejor RPG disponible en castellano - Terranigma". Nintendo Acción (in Spanish). No. 53. Hobby Press. pp. 22–25.
  32. ^ 超絶 大技林 '98年春版: スーパーファミコン - 天地創造. PlayStation Magazine [ja] (Special) (in Japanese). 42. Tokuma Shoten Intermedia. April 15, 1998. p. 331. ASIN B00J16900U.
  33. ^ "Quintet Game Library - 天地創造" (in Japanese). Quintet. 1997. Archived from the original on 2005-03-06. Retrieved 2021-04-07.
  34. ^ García, Marcos (March 1997). "Novedades - Super Nuevo: Terranigma". Superjuegos [es] (in Spanish). No. 59. Grupo Zeta [es]. pp. 38–39.
  35. ^ Edwards, Matt (August 2011). "Judgement Play - Terranigma". NGamer. No. 65. Future plc.
  36. ^ Tan, Jeremy (April 27, 2000). "RPGFan Reviews - Terranigma". RPGFan. RPGFan Media, LLC. Archived from the original on 2021-04-07. Retrieved 2021-04-07.
  37. ^ Dillard, Corbie (April 19, 2009). "Terranigma Review (SNES) - Does the final release in Enix's Gaia Trilogy hold up?". Nintendo Life. Nlife Media. Archived from the original on 2021-04-07. Retrieved 2021-04-07.
  38. ^ Zashy (July 2, 2010). "Test de Terranigma sur SNES par jeuxvideo.com". Jeuxvideo.com (in French). Webedia. Archived from the original on 2010-07-14. Retrieved 2021-04-07.
  39. ^ Moehnke, Mike (March 22, 2013). "Terranigma - Staff Retroview: Eartheology". RPGamer. CraveOnline. Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. Retrieved 2021-04-07.
  40. ^ Oxford, Nadia (February 18, 2016). "Note Block Beat Box: Listening to Underworld from Terranigma - This elusive Quintet RPG uses its remarkable music to deliver its themes of mystery and unease". USgamer. Gamer Network. Archived from the original on 2020-11-24. Retrieved 2021-04-08.
  41. ^ DiRienzo, David (September 13, 2017). "Terranigma". Hardcore Gaming 101. Archived from the original on 2020-09-30. Retrieved 2021-04-07.

External links[edit]