Terrano (grape)

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Grape (Vitis)
Color of berry skin Noir
Species Vitis vinifera
Also called Teran and other synonyms
Origin Member of the Refosco family. Originated in Slovenia.[citation needed]

Terrano or Teran (in Slovenian) is a Slovenian, dark-skinned grape variety, bearing the mark of recognized traditional denomination.[1][2][3] It is a member of the Refosco family of grape varieties, which also includes Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso. It is protected by the European Comission since 2001.

Traditional Kraški teran does not age well—notably, chemical analyses have confirmed that the content of bivalent iron starts to diminish radically two years after fermentation—and should be consumed within its first year; after that, the wine quickly loses its attractive vitality and can even become bitter and flat.[4][5]


Terrano wine is primarily grown on the Karst Plateau within the Slovenian Littoral wine region (where it is called Kraški teran) and Italian Carso DOC (with two main varieties called Terrano del Carso and Carso Rosso (red Carso)). Teran is the principal red wine grape in these regions. In the Carso DOC, the grape is sometimes blended with Piccola nera.[6] In Italy it is also used in the DOC Cagnina di Romagna in Emilia-Romagna.

The Italian and Slovenian parts of the Karst Plateau stand next to each other across the Italian-Slovene border. In this area, Terra Rossa is present in part of the municipalities of Sežana and Komen, around the villages of Tomaj and Dutovlje. In Italy, it is present in the area of Monrupino, Sgonico, and Duino-Aurisina, and in a very limited part of the municipality of Trieste (between Opicina and the Slovenian border).

History, properties and food matching[edit]

Roman naturalist Pliny the Elder wrote that puccinum was the favorite of Augustus's wife Livia, who lived to the respectable age of 82. The medicinal properties of lactic acid and bivalent iron, that are highly contained in Kraški teran, have been confirmed by a modern medicine.[citation needed] The wine stimulates the appetite and facilitates digestion of fatty foods.

Kraški teran is traditionally well paired together with pršut (prosciutto or air-cured ham). However, it also goes well with other pork dishes, sausages, pancetta, or cooked ham with horseradish (all traditional foods of the Karst Plateau). Kraški teran should be served at 15 to 16 °C (59–61 °F).


Although Teran is made of Refosco grapes grown on Terra Rossa, it is often a misnomer in other regions where it is known by different synonyms: Cagnina (in Emilia-Romagna), Crodarina, Gallizio, Gallizza, Magnacan, Reffosco, Refosca, Refosco del Carso, Refošk, Rifosco, Taran, Tarin, Teran, Teran Black, Teran Blauer, Teran Noir, Teranovka, Terant, Terin, Terran Noir, Terran Tcherny, Terrana, Terrano A Raspo Bianco, Terrano A Raspo Rosso, Terruna, and Terrura.[2]


  1. ^ Jancis Robinson, ed. (2006). "Teran". Oxford Companion to Wine (Third ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 692. ISBN 0-19-860990-6. 
  2. ^ a b Terrano, Vitis International Variety Catalogue, accessed 2010-10-23
  3. ^ Agrotur TERAN PTP / TERRANO, accessed 2012-05-21
  4. ^ Grča Cellar
  5. ^ Slovenia vino
  6. ^ J. Robinson, J. Harding and J. Vouillamoz Wine Grapes - A complete guide to 1,368 vine varieties, including their origins and flavours pg 797 Allen Lane 2012 ISBN 978-1-846-14446-2