Terrapene ornata

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Terrapene ornata
Ornate and desert.jpg
Comparison of T. ornata subspecies, T. o. ornata and T. o. luteola
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Suborder: Cryptodira
Family: Emydidae
Genus: Terrapene
Species: T. ornata
Binomial name
Terrapene ornata
Agassiz, 1857

Terrapene ornata is a species of North American box turtle sometimes referred to as the western box turtle or ornate box turtle.


There are two subspecies of T. ornata:


T. ornata have a shell that is less domed than other species of box turtle, appearing to be slightly flattened. Their coloration is generally black or dark brown, with yellow striping. T. o. luteola tends to have more striping than T. o. ornata.


T. ornata ornata is found in the central United States from western Indiana, to eastern Texas and into Louisiana. T. ornata luteola inhabits the driest areas of all the box turtle species, and is found in western Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and adjoining areas of northern Mexico.


In Indiana, the ornate box turtle is listed as an endangered species.[2]


The species became the official state reptile of Kansas in 1986.[3][4]


  1. ^ van Dijk, P.P. & Hammerson, G.A. (2011). "Terrapene ornata". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2011: e.T21644A97429080. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T21644A9304752.en. Retrieved 14 December 2017. 
  2. ^ Indiana Legislative Services Agency (2011), "312 IAC 9-5-4: Endangered species of reptiles and amphibians", Indiana Administrative Code, retrieved 28 Apr 2012 
  3. ^ "2009-73-1901 Kansas Code patriotic emblems, state reptile, designation". Justia. Retrieved February 11, 2011. 
  4. ^ Shearer 1994, p. 315
  • Shearer, Benjamin F.; Shearer, Barbara S. (1994). State names, seals, flags, and symbols (2nd ed.). Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0-313-28862-3. 

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