A terrapin is one of several small species of turtle living in fresh or brackish water. Terrapins do not form a taxonomic unit, and may not be very closely related, although many belong to the families Geoemydidae and Emydidae. A distinction between turtle and terrapin does not exist in other European languages. The name "terrapin" is derived from the Algonquian word torope, used for Malaclemys terrapin. In the UK red-eared sliders are known as "red-eared terrapins".
Turtle species with "terrapin" in their common names include:
- Diamondback terrapin or just "terrapin" Malaclemys terrapin, a turtle of the Emydidae family, native to the US
- European pond terrapin or European pond turtle, Emys orbicularis, a turtle in the family Emydidae found in southern Europe, West Asia and parts of North Africa
- Mexican spotted terrapin or Mexican spotted wood turtle Rhinoclemmys rubida, a species of turtle in the family Geoemydidae, endemic to Mexico
- Painted terrapin Batagur borneoensis, a turtle in the Geoemydidae family native to Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand
- Northern river terrapin Batagur baska, a critically endangered turtle in the Geoemydidae family native to Cambodia
- Southern river terrapin Batagur affinis, a turtle in the Geoemydidae family native to Cambodia
- Smiling terrapin or Black marsh turtle, Siebenrockiella crassicollis, a turtle in the Geoemydidae family native to Southeast Asia
- Seychelles black terrapin Pelusios seychellensis, an extinct species of turtle in the Pelomedusidae family that was endemic to Seychelles
- Serrated hinged terrapin Pelusios sinuatus is a species of turtle in the Pelomedusidae family found in southern Africa
- Striped-neck terrapin or Caspian turtle Mauremys caspica, a turtle in the family Geoemydidae (Bataguridae), native to the eastern Mediterranean region
- Bengal eyed terrapin, Burmese eyed turtle or Burmese peacock turtle Morenia ocellata, a turtle in the family Geoemydidae found in Burma and possibly Yunnan, China
- Indian pond terrapin or Indian black turtle Melanochelys trijuga, a turtle in the family Geoemydidae found in South Asia
|This article includes a list of related items that share the same name (or similar names).
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